This article covers the various varieties of Alocasia plants, and how to recognize them, including pictures of the Alocasia varieties as well as some basic tips for care.
Alocasia plants are well-known for their leaves that have stunning veining patterns and huge sizes.
Originating from Subtropical region of Asia and the eastern regions of Australia These varieties of Alocasia are challenging due to their extreme humidity requirements and the possibility of spider mites, as well as the requirement for regular Repotting of Alocasia. They are therefore suitable for intermediate to expert plant parents.
With over 100 different varieties of Alocasias the process of choosing your ideal match may be difficult.
From the distinctive Silver dragon Alocasia to the massive yet easy-to-learn Taro Alocasia. These stunning plants are among of the most sought-after home plants and can add an exotic look to any home.
Find out the various varieties of Alocasia plants are available and find out more about some of the most popular varieties.
What is an Alocasia?
Originating from within the Alocasia Genus, numerous Alocasia varieties share the same basic characteristics, but they can differ in size as well as color and shape. They are identified by their arrowhead-shaped leaves , which rest on petioles that are tall.
Certain varieties, such as the silver dragon and zebrina are burgundy-colored on either the stems or leaves.
Alocasia has large veins on their leaves. They range from black-green to green white, and even hues of pink.
How Many Types of Alocasias are There?
There are 97 varieties of acknowledged Alocasia plants. Although these plants are indigenous in Asia as well as Eastern Australia, many new varieties are available. Alocasia hybrids are being developed across the globe and are used as ornamental houseplants.
Alocasia Vs Colocasia
Alocasia as well as Colocasia are usually joined and are often called elephant ear plants.
Although these two plants are alike, there’s one major distinction between the two. The leaves of an Alocasia point upwards, whereas the Colocasia’s leaves are downwards.
What is the Largest Alocasia?
The biggest Alocasia can be described as the Alocasia macrorrhiza, also known as the giant taro. The plant can reach up to 8 feet wide and more than 15 feet tall!
The leaves can grow to 6 feet in length and 4 feet wide. Although most don’t have enough space in their homes to house them They are a great addition to the garden as a focal point to add more greenery to the garden of a tropical theme.
Alocasia General Care
All Alocasias require high humidity levels that are not less than 60 percent. However, if you reside in a dry or temperate climate, you are able to keep these gorgeous indoor plants in your home.
They just need a little care, such as regular misting using the spray bottle or placing a moist pebble tray near.
Alocasias naturally, grow in the canopy of trees that are tall. They don’t respond well to bright light and prefer indirect, bright lighting. Long exposure to sunlight could cause burns to the leaves.
Although Alocasias prefer moist climates, the needs for water are not as high as you believe. The houseplant prefers the soil’s ability to dry out between waterings, with at least 2 inches of topsoil totally dry.
In order to keep your Alocasia healthy and avoid root rot, ensure that it is properly drained with an appropriate soil and a pot with drainage holes.
It is also possible to use an auto-watering container as well as an irrigation globe in case you live an active schedule and don’t have enough time to care for your plant. Make sure that it’s not immersed in the water.
When you purchase an Alocasia soil, it is typically packed to prevent movement during transportation. It is recommended to aerate the soil to ensure that it drains properly.
Alocasias are susceptible to pests, particularly spider mites. It is important to look beneath the leaves for webbing or white dots.
If you spot spider mites on your leaves, separate the plant from the rest of the collection, and then apply treatments for mites and pests.
Types of Alocasia Houseplants
Alocasias are usually grown for their distinctive, elephant-ear-like appearance. Certain leaves have been observed to grow up to three feet long. Continue reading to learn about the various types of alocasias, and how to recognize each.
Alocasia Longiloba – Tiger Taro
The Alocasia longiloba is identified by its massive as well as dark gray-green leaves that have prominent white veins. A beautiful burgundy petiole, or stem is used to support the leaves.
All Alocasia leaves grow from the Corm. It is the swollen bottom of the stem, which is surrounded by a few dry leaves that shield it.
The Alocasia longiloba flower is green and called inflorescence. The flowers are straight up on a stem that is long.
The spadix’s erect form is covered with tiny white flowers that are enclosed by a spathe that resembles an oar, which is like lily plants. Spathes are frequently confused with petals.
Giant Taro – Alocasia Macrorrhizos
The giant Alocasia Taros are among the largest and fastest growing in the Alocasia Genus. As previously mentioned, these massive plants can reach 15 feet tall.
Their fan-shaped arrowhead shape and folded leaves are a good way to identify this species of Alocasia. The blooms are light green with a yellow hue and appear frequently throughout the year.
Alocasia Cuprea – Red Secret
The Alocasia originated originally from South East Asia but was commercially cultivated in Hawaii and was given its designation “Alii”, meaning ‘king.’
The Alocasia can grow no more than three feet in height. Although it’s slow to grow but your patience will be rewarded with beautiful metallic, iridescent leaves.
The jewel-like hues of purple and green attract attention to this plant. Be careful, Alocasias are poisonous and should be kept away from children and pets.
It is fairly easy to maintain, but like most varieties that love humidity, this one is particularly fond of. Make sure you keep an un-wetted pebble tray to the plant or place it close to each other near an air humidifier.
Alocasia Morocco – Pink Dragon
The Morocco Alocasia is a light pink stem that stretches straight upwards and supports dark green glossy leaves with bold white veins. It also has a distinct slim tip, similar like a beetroot.
This Alocasia plant, as well as all the others can be fed half-strength fertilizer every couple of weeks during the spring. However, don’t feed them during winter, as this could cause the accumulation of salt and eventually damage their leaves.
Alocasia Amazonica -Polly Alocasia
The Polly plant is reminiscent of the classic African mask designs due to the leaves that are decorated with ribs that are a light green and white. The leaves’ edges are white with a Wavy border, and an opening at high up on the leaf, highlighting the arrow-shaped shape.
The tropical plants can reach up to 18 inches in height which makes them beautiful and small ornamental plants.
They are awestruck by the warmth, humidity and water, however they prefer to dry out between waterings. They also dormant during winter, and thus require less watering often during winter.
Alocasia Micholitziana – Frydek Alocasia
Contrasting with the shiny and metallic foliage of cuprea, the Alocasia micholitziana is soft and velvety leaves.
It is evident that there is a distinct white veining that is characteristic of the genus, which is accentuated by the arrowhead-shaped shape. This plant can add the perfect touch of elegance and glamour to your living space.
A frydek Alocasia is a unique plant that is medium-sized in comparison to other Alocasias that grow between 1 to 2 feet tall.
Alocasia Zebrina – Zebra Alocasia
This Alocasia variety is known by its funky stripes green, purple and red stem. The Zebrina will surely make a splash in any house.
It is a large, glossy plant with bright green. The plant is small at first, but it will eventually grow quite large. The larger plants can be positioned on the floor and smaller ones can make for stunning table toppers.
The process of potting Alocasia Zebrina isn’t difficult , and is recommended each 12 to 18 months. It is best to select the right pot, which is at least 1-2 inches bigger in diameter, to allow the room to grow.
The Dragon Scale Alocasia
The Alocasia dragon scale also called”the dragon scale,” is notable due to the scale-like texture of its foliage. This plant is one of the most fashionable and most Instagram-worthy of all the Alocasias that are on this list.
It is a large, green plant with a glossy surface. Instead of the usual white veins the dragon scale had dark magenta veins which appear to be shadowed by their indented ridges.
The Macrorrhiza Stingray Alocasia
The plant is unique in its leaves, with the edges narrow to an inch in size, while the base is circular, resembling the shape of the Stingray.
The stem on the Macrorrhiza Stingray is stripey like the Alocasia zebrina. However, it is less vibrantly colored.
The leaves appear to hover around the base of the plant, akin to floating stingrays in the air. It’s a remarkable experience.
Alocasia Melo – Alocasia Rugosa
The rugosa Alocasia is the most dense and thickest texture leaves of all the species. The leaves are large and greenish blue which can grow between 10 to 20 inches in length.
They are rough with a matte finish that could make the appearance of a fake plant.
Although this plant has only one color The deep grooves and the texture of the plant create the appearance of geometric shapes and add energy in the general look that the plants provide.
Alocasia Reginula – Black Velvet
The species of reginula is known as of Alocasia black velvet. Although the leaves aren’t black, they’re so dark green that they look black.
They are soft in texture, and they don’t reflect light, which makes the leaves look darker than they actually are.
In keeping with the appearance of the Aolcasia Their large, lush foliage features bold silver veins and is anchored on upright petioles. They also flower anthurium-like flowers that are not more than three flowers at a time.
Alocasia Amazonica – Ivory Coast
The Alocasia variety typically has higher stems, and as a result more lush foliage when compared to other varieties within the Genus. It has deep green foliage with contrasting silver veins. As the plant matures, the stems change to lighter shades of pink and add that necessary splash of color and a sense of drama to your living space.
Alocasias are great when they are they are grouped together for an even more striking look.
Hooded Dwarf – Alocasia Cucullata
The dwarf with a hood is often referred to as the “buddha’s hand”. This is due to the fact that the plant is indigenous to Thailand and has been believed that it will bring good luck. The plant is cultivated at Buddha temples throughout the world.
Contrary to Alocasia Cuprea, this species is fast growing, but it won’t get more than 2,5 feet tall. Alocasias are a great match with Monstera Deliciosa to create an exotic feel to your home. If you’re willing to take on the task of addressing their extreme humidity requirements.
Alocasia Portodora – Elephant Ear
The Alocasia portodora is able to be quite massive. It has huge crimped-looking leaves that are surrounded by very long , long stems of magenta.
Because the portodora’s size can reach up to 4 feet or more and is recommended to place it in full sun areas in the outside or on the patio. This kind of Alocasia is more easy to care for as well as being a lot stronger and more durable than smaller varieties.
The Alocasia Triangularis
Like its name implies, the Alocasia kind’s leaves are in the form of triangles. With three distinct edges and three distinct points, the dark green foliage with ruffles tends to curvature into itself.
The plant is medium-sized. It can grow up to 3 feet, and is much easier to cultivate than other Alocasias.
Similar to similar to the Alocasia portadora, this one has an a zone of hardiness 11, which means that the plant is able to withstand temperatures as low as 40 degrees Celsius before going into dormancy.
The Alocasia Sanderiana
The Alocasia variety is indigenous in the Philippines. Although their original form is threatened The houseplant variety is fashionable.
It is Alocasia sanderiana is a close relative of the polly species. It has glossy dark green leaves with highlighted creamy-white veins and an outline that is thin.
The plant blooms throughout the year, but most often in summer months. The flowers are tiny and white, and are is surrounded by a light green spathe.
Alocasia Rubra – Alocasia Wentii
The plant is reminiscent of those Calathea variety by its deep green leaves and bright reddish-purple underneath. Despite its location to the tropical zone it is a hardy plant and simple to cultivate. It will make an eye-catching addition to your house and will give it an exotic look.
In addition to keeping the soil moistwith regular misting, and keeping a watchful eye on mealybugs and spider mites, the plant can be used by all gardening enthusiasts of all levels.
Purple Sword Plant – Alocasia Lauterbachiana
Different from other Alocasia’s arrow-shaped leaves The purple sword Alocasia is named after the long, slender leaves that point to the sky.
In lieu of an arrow, the leaves are described as sword-shaped Alocasia leaves are sword-shaped, with each being nearly 2 feet long. The leaves are red on the underside that is easy to see since the tips of Alocasia and the leaves are facing upwards.
Alocasia Baginda – Silver Dragon
This is one of the most flashiest and most distinctive of all. Like that black velvet Alocasia however, you’ve placed the filter inverted over it.
The leaves are silvery-white , with dark green with a nearly black-looking veins outlined in the leaves.
Silver dragon Alocasia is a velvety soft texture and matte finish. They’re more difficult to maintain than the more robust and larger Alocasias, however their stunning foliage is worth the extra effort.
Last Words on Alocasia Varieties
There are a variety of plants to choose from to beautify your patio or home. The striking markings and the large size of the elephant’s ear plants are certain to accomplish exactly that.
The larger and more robust Alocasia is ideal for beginning to intermediate gardeners, such as the portodora or the taro.
If you’re looking for an adventure with a huge reward, then the Silver Dragon or Black Velvet Alocasias are the best for you.