The name “begonia maculata” may seem like a weird term for an herb, however maculata is a Latin word meaning spotted, and in this instance, the plant that has a green color and silver spots is often referred to by the name of “the polka dot begonia”. Although it is available for purchase in a variety of countries, it is indigenous to Brazilian states.
The beautiful plant was introduced to Cuba as well as Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, and Argentina.
The plant is definitely distinctive and makes a lovely but striking accent to any room, so If you’re in search of an attractive plant then you’ve come to the right place.
Describing Begonia Maculata
This plant is definitely one that will be noticed and leaves guests and friends asking questions about the specifics of this plant. This is the time to share the information you’ve learned about this fascinating plant.
Its leaves are oblong and generally have olive-green, but can also be more dark The leaves can also be covered with silver or white dots. The striking contrast in colors is what draws people to it.
On the bottom of leaves you’ll be able to see that the color is very different from the top, and is an orange-reddish-purple.
If the plant does bloom it is usually white. However, they can be pink in certain instances and grow on the form of a stem.
The dazzling and extravagant plant, as you can see is a sight to behold as it is an evergreen annual which originally originates from the tropical forest of Brazil. One thing to be aware of is that it needs the creation of the same kind of environment.
How To Care For A Begonia Maculata – Tips for Growing A Begonia Maculata
One of the main things to be aware of is the fact that you’ll likely have to pot your begonia every year.
As it is still in the development stage, you’ll need to water it more frequently. The problem is finding the right balance between too large or tiny for your plant.
The importance of humidity and light can’t be overemphasized with this plant. Because of its roots the plant is able to thrive in specific conditions. It loves light, however, direct heat can cause burns as well as high humidity ensures that this plant is content and happy.
Pruning effectively is another thing that isn’t difficult to master, however, if done properly, can improve the overall growth of your plant and development (and can be a method of propagation, which we’ll talk about in a moment).
Begonia Maculata Light Requirement
The begonia maculata needs sunlight, as you’ll find with many species, particularly those in the house. However, it is important to remember that not all plants require the same amount of light exposure.
This particular plant likes to be in the light , but not directly exposed to sunlight. Therefore, the ideal place to put it is in an area that is exposed to intense light of 10k-20k lux. You can test with a light meter (it is recommended to test these numbers throughout the day to determine the consistency).
A lot of light is on one side of the spectrum, but there is the issue of not enough light too. If the plant is not receiving enough sunlight it will be less likely to produce healthy flowers and leaves will turn brown and shed.
The Ideal Temperature For Begonia Maculata
This is an easy aspect to care for your begonia maculata. Currently even though it was originally found in the tropical regions, it is able to perform equally well in the temperatures that we are used to.
The ideal sweet spot for this plant is temperatures that fall between 70degF (21degC) and 85/86degF (29/30degC).
The temperatures are expected to be comfortable to keep indoors throughout the summer, spring, and early fall. However it could change the winter months of late fall and winter.
They are not able to thrive in cold temperatures and, at the very least they’ll go into dormancy during this time.
Therefore, you must avoid the temperature inside your house to fall below the 59degF mark (15degC) If your plant goes inactive, it will be okay when temperatures are at their optimal again.
Ideal Humidity Levels For Begonia Maculata
The begonia maculata is happy with the temperatures that we have become accustomed to. It isn’t difficult to master as well, but managing their preferred humidity can be an issue for the majority of.
In general, you should choose a higher humidity which is because of their origins in south-east Brazilian jungles, and they naturally want to be thriving however, how do you get this indoors? And how do we achieve it?
When we talk about the humidity is high, we’re talking about 40-60 percent. This is the area in which plants are at their best and will yield the best results. But, it should be understood that this isn’t as important as being meticulous in the irrigation of the plant.
This is due to the fact that, even though it can be more difficult to increase the humidity levels in a room it is the quantity of water, or absence of it could have disastrous effects for your begonia maculata plants.
To get the desired result to achieve the desired result, you can plant the begonia maculata in a group with other plants and place them in water trays to increase the humidity. Another option is to run a humidifier inside in the winter months, such as winter, when the central heating is turned on and it dries the air.
If you are able to access one (they are relatively inexpensive) You can make use of an electronic hygrometer that allows you to measure and monitor the level of humidity in which your plant is.
Begonia Maculata Watering Requirement
Because of the cane-like appearance the stems of they tend to hold water which is why they aren’t people who enjoy excessively moist conditions particularly in the soil. When you next water them it is best to let the top layer of soil to dry out prior to applying additional water.
Under the layer of top, however, you’ll want your soil to stay damp in the majority of cases So, as a general rule let the first inch of soil to dry between watering. If you don’t make this provision, your plant may suffer in the soil that is soaked.
Another interesting aspect of the maculata begonia is that it prefers for its leaves to not be wet. Therefore, in contrast other plants that can topwater, this is why it is recommended to use bottom watering.
If there is excessive of a water content in soil (particularly when it doesn’t drain correctly) plants can be affected by root decay. However, on the other hand of that they aren’t desert plants, and therefore should not be allowed to endure a time when they are not able to get enough water.
However, allowing the top layer of soil to dry out will hinder development of fungus as well as insects that try to take up area in the pot plant.
Begonia Maculata Soil Requirements
The main focus here is to find soil that is well-aerated and does not hold water for long time. It is important to look for a soil that holds water but not so long enough to permit root decay.
It is a good idea to include an potting mix to your houseplant. The three listed below are additional elements you can include in the mix to provide the perfect environment to your plants. So consider:
- Perlite is great to ensure that there is adequate aeration in the soil. It can also help insulate the soil during times of fast or extreme temperature fluctuations. Perlite has a white and fluffy appearance , and an appearance that is similar to Styrofoam.
- Leca The term LECA is an abbreviation for “lightweight expanded clay aggregate” and are a good thing to add to your potting soil, or in the absence of. In hydroponic gardening, they’re extremely well-known. The reason why they are frequently preferred is the fact that they don’t include living creatures.
- The other option open to you is to use wood chips to create space in the soil for the aeration. As time passes, the wood chips will begin to decay and you’ll need to replenish them, however this is possible by repotting the plant.
What Fertilizer To Use For Begonia Maculata
This is best done when the plant is growing. This is particularly the time when the plant is in flower to ensure that it has sufficient energy and nutrients.
This is only a problem in the summer and spring seasons but not during autumn and winter.
One benefit for this particular plant is the fact that it’s an average feeder (for flowers) which means it will require fertilization every 2 to 4 weeks. The kind of fertilizer you would like to feed it is one that is water-soluble and can be mixed with the water on the days that you fertilize.
It is possible to locate an appropriate fertilizer mix with equal NPK (nitrogen as well as phosphorus and potassium) amounts; you’ll then reduce it and feed your plant according to the recommendations however, if you notice signs of browning around the tips of your leaves reduce the amount because this means you’re feeding it too much.
Repotting Begonia Maculata
It is recommended to repotte your begonia maculata at minimum once per year typically in the spring, since this is the time when growth tends to increase. But, some people pot up to twice within a single year in certain cases.
If you are planning to repot your plant There are a few aspects to take into consideration. They like being a little roots-bound or having the roots set in smaller arrangement, however in the same way when they do this, the soil around tends to be worn out quickly.
Even when your plant is at an older size and isn’t experiencing rapid growth, it is still recommended to plant it again at least once every year.
It doesn’t matter if you intend to return the pot to its original container. Instead, you can use it as an occasion to examine the roots and replace or replenish the soil.
If you have your begonia maculata in a pot that is light it is recommended to, particularly as it develops to either move it in a larger pot or move the entire plant. This is because the plants are heavy on top and can cause problems as time passes.
If you are planning to increase the size of your pot for your plant, don’t be overly enthusiastic and increase the size too fast. Be cautious as you don’t want your plant to spend too much energy to expand its roots, particularly since this isn’t one of the strengths of plants.
Pruning Your Begonia Maculata
Begonia Maculata requires semi-regular pruning and should be pruned approximately twice a year, similar to how often you repot it. It is true that one wants the plant to grow however, most of the time you’re looking for a compact growth.
The pruning should be significant and assist in cutting down enough of the plant to permit the growth that you are hoping for.
After the plant has grown out, it’s an impressive plant. However it may turn “bushy” and there is therefore a necessity to take action. The canes are less dense, and you’ll notice that the plant devotes more energy in growing rather than going out. If you want this result, then do not hesitate to provide it with something to develop on.
When the plant gets excessively tall it is the ideal time to cut it would be late in the autumn, as it is merely a precursor to the time when the plant enters an overall dormancy, as it approaches towards the close in the season of growth.
If you wish to see the length of a specific section cut down, it is recommended to choose the gentler method of pruning. This involves pinching the edges. This will make the tissue of the cane release a hormone that suppresses the growth.
In order to achieve this, you must cut the cane about a quarter inch higher than one leaf in the area in question. This will result in the sprouting of a new leaf at the point at which you cut it.
When it comes to cutting your begonia maculata back, it is recommended to use sharp and sterile shears. you don’t want to spread any infection to the plant. Likewise, blunt blades can produce unsatisfactory results.
If you’re unsure about their hygiene, you can try dipping them in isopropyl alcohol which can help.
Propagation Of Begonia Maculata
Begonia maculata are extremely easy to propagate and can be grown in soil and water. So far, we’ve looked at the aspects of taking care of the plants we have, but now we are looking to expand (no no pun meant).
Therefore, we will take a examine the methods of propagation for this plant, which is through cutting the stem. It’s as easy as that, well it’s almost. Let us look into the specifics regarding how to do this.
When cutting it is best to be careful not to cut near to the node in this section, since the roots will grow around the node, so when planting them, the plant may not grow efficiently.
This isn’t a major issue even though this may happen but the roots will develop further up the stem.
Similar to how pruning the particular species is easy as it is with the propagation process, and we will see how we can increase the number of plants we have.
Propagation in water – Depending on the size of your cutting Find a suitable container or jar and add water to it. Be aware that you should only to cover the lower portion of the cut (where you would like the new roots to emerge). The plant that is soon to emerge releases rooting hormones to begin the process.
Propagation in soil This method of propagation could remove the requirement to transfer the water container (in the method of water propagation) to a pot, however, it takes more effort. Additionally, it is difficult to see how root growth is taking place. Dip the cut in powdered root hormone, then bury the area in soil, then water it.
Common problems with Begonia Maculata
The problem with all house plants, and indeed plants generally are that they may have a tendency to develop certain problems like infections, disease as well as other issues Here are some that you might want to be aware of.
Yellow Or Brown Leaves
If your leaves begin to turn yellow or brown, the problem is most likely in the overwatering of your plant and you should reduce the amount of water you give it.
Other issues that can arise are under-fertilizing, over-fertilizing diseases, issues with temperature (usually when it’s excessively cold).
Not Enough Sunlight
This is in line with the first point that results in the yellowing and discoloration of plant leaves.
At first, they’ll start losing their vibrant green color. Then, eventually, their leaves will turn yellow, and then die and fall off.
If the reverse is true that the plants are getting excessive sun the plant will show the appearance of drooping and scorched.
Pests – Spider Mites And Mealybugs?
Mealybugs are the primary issue here. This is because they are nearly invulnerable to pesticides. the outcome could be beneficial insects, and bugs, will be killed prior to being infected.
The best way to do this is by applying insecticidal soaps, oils and, finally the systemic insecticide for house plants. control.
Additionally, short-acting organic pesticides could be a viable option, and we’d like to think that predatory insects like ladybugs will arrive to take them out.
In general high humidity won’t be a problem in the majority of instances, but excessive watering and humidity can cause a myriad of possible issues, including botrytis, stem and root whitefly issues, and root and stem.
If you’re using an humidifier in the area in which your plants are growing make sure you provide a way to support circulation of air. A roof or even an portable one with a low setting should suffice.
Specific Products For Begonia Maculata
Below is a short list of the most popular items among those who have begonia maculata. We strongly recommend purchasing at the beginning the journey, and that could be on the future to be used on other plants as well.
- For a fertilizer that is all-purpose look this page.
- For an Organic potter’s mix, click this.
- For a systemic house plant insect control, click this.
- For top quality and great value for money, the Humidifier is available this page.
Where Can I Buy A Begonia Maculata?
There are a variety of choices of online stores to pick from One of the most popular sites is Etsy. Amazon is a popular choice, and seems to be selling everything nowadays is another option.
But, you might be able to locate one in the local nursery.
Contact them to find out whether they’ve got a hand-picked selection – picking your plants is always fun and can be an enjoyable experience. You might even find other plants that you like.
Frequently Asked Questions About Begonia Maculata
Below is an overview of some items we might not have covered enough or even in the above sections:
1. Is Begonia Maculata Poisonous?
Begonia maculata can be harmful to animals and humans if consumed. Leaves of Begonia maculata are a source of calcium oxalate. It is mildly toxic when consumed by mammals and humans. Calcium oxalate may also create skin irritation.
Most pets now consume houseplants, but certain pets may occasionally nibble and you should be aware of this. If you also have children in your home it is possible to think about the plant.
2. What Is The Growth Rate Of Begonia Meculata?
In the growing seasons, usually in spring, and then into the summer months, growth can be extremely rapid, particularly when the temperatures inside don’t rise too much. The plant can expand to a full foot in just one season.
3. Is Misting A Begonia Maculata Effective?
Misting your begonia maculata with water will not be beneficial as it does not react well in humid environments. Therefore, if you wish to encourage growth and lushness, you should invest in a humidifier as well as a method of circulating the air to stop the growth of powdery mildew.
4. Why Is My Begonia Maculata Leaning Over?
It can be due to two reasons, one is that the plant’s canes become too long and it requires an anchor (tying the plant to a bamboo piece could be the solution) to keep it standing.
The second could happen even after you’ve completed the first step This is typically when the plant is in one spot and is not rotated and only one side gets the majority of sunlight’s rays that hit it.
Simply turn the plant on and off and the issue will be solved in the end.
5. Why Is My Begonia Maculata Not Blooming?
It is usually due to inadequate sunlight and exposure to light. It is important to place your plant placed in sunny area, but you should keep it away from direct sunlight. Additionally, the plant blooms in the spring and summer, but it will not bloom all year round.
6. The Leaves Are Falling Off My Begonia Masculata, Why?
It could be due to various reasons, so take a look at the reasons and then follow the appropriate steps.
If you abruptly alter its surroundings, or if conditions are not in harmony the plant is likely to be extremely unhappy.
Other considerations to keep in mind is the kind of soil you’re employing, determining whether your fertilizer is of the right type (also in case you’re adding too much or not enough) and how moist or dry you allow the soil to become, and lastly, there is not enough humidity to the plant.