What Varieties of Bird of Paradise Are There?

Francis Masson decided that the flowers he found were beautiful enough for a queen to be able to admire. Masson was an Scottish botanist who travelled across Africa looking for fresh plants during the 1800s.

Strelitzia was first discovered through Francis from the south region of Africa. Also called Bird of Paradise because the flowers resemble the head of a flamingo with a crest, they are extremely vibrant in the color.

The botanist compared its beauty to the Queen consort of Great Britain, Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

The wife of George III was. She was famous for her elegant and elegant appearance, as well as her admiration for lavish and vibrant clothes.

An Overview of Bird of Paradise Plant

It begins to bloom around the age of 4 to 5 years old. It will continue to bloom for a few more years following the age of four to five years.

The nectar-feeding birds perform the process of pollination naturally. When a flower blossoms it releases a lot of nectar that birds eat on, and transfer pollen to another flower.

The plant in the wild favors largeopen spaces in high ground, which is where it can develop to become a massive specimen.

With a height of 33ft (10m) high and 16ft (5m) wide The Strelitzia is quite impressive in its natural environment.

The flower’s growth is restricted to the ceiling of the house and seldom exceeds heights of 6.5-8 feet (2-2.5 meters) height.

Leaf, Stem, and Flowers

It’s an herbaceous, evergreen perennial that has no trunk. the roots are able to grow, but they’re not connected.

It is basically a rod structure that has some offshoots. Strelitzia roots extend all the way to the soil’s bottom So you must select pots that aren’t overly large, but tall enough to be able to plant them.

Oval-shaped leaves vary in width between 4 and 31 inches (10 to 80 centimeters) and height ranges from 11 to 78 inches (30 to 200 centimeters). Petioles measure 19-35 inches (50 to 90 centimeters) long, strong and durable.

They look like banana leaves, but are much more dense. They also have longer petioles to keep them in their place.

The plates have a shiny and leathery feel on the plate. The hue is dark green with a blue hue.

It’s oval in shape, and has an elongated form with a sharp edge, and asymmetrical slits along the edges. The lateral and central veins are clearly visible.

Blue-purple and orange petal flowers that resemble a bird’s crest could measure 4-7.8 inches (10-20 cm) in the diameter.

Each plant has at least six peduncles with an average of 5-7 blooms per peduncle.

In the end If you take care of the plant you anticipate it to bloom for six months , or every two years.

The plant gets pollinated by huge insects and birds, however you have to perform the pollination at home with a hand the help of a soft brush. The flowers fade and seeds bolls that have oval fruits are replaced.

The capsule can produce eight seeds per day. It can take between five to six months for the fruit to mature fully. For seeds that are suitable to grow, you need to keep waiting until your capsule is opened.

Facts You Should Know

It is available everywhere in the world. For instance in Los Angeles, the city’s coat of arms was proposed to incorporate an image depicting the flowers due to its popularity.

The birds of paradise appear stunning when placed in floral arrangements. You can preserve fresh flowers in bouquets for up to 4 weeks if you take care of them.

Additionally, the flowers in bouquets stay in place longer than on their own stems. Strelitzia stems and leaves sap can be poisonous therefore be sure to keep animals and children out of it. However, Strelitzia is used in natural medicine as well as in cosmetics.

Strelitzia solutions are utilized to decrease itching and inflammation, and cosmetics that contain strelitzia extract can eliminate dark circles around the eyes, and can improve the appearance and color of your skin.

Bird of Paradise Variety with Yellow in Flower

Types of Bird of Paradise Plant

The genus is home to five species, which have been named by scientists and identified.

There are a variety of them in countries that have warmer or mild winters, as and in warm Africa. For instance, in Central America, Argentina, and along the Mediterranean coast.

[1] Royal Strelitzia (Strelitzia reginae)

Most well-known, and probably most widespread kind of Strelitzia. It is usually planted in the indoor garden. The flower’s diameter ranges from 4 and 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters).

The leaves are glossy and oval with a size of sixteen inches (40 cm) long and 12 inches (30 cm) wide. They have an unbending stem that could extend to 24-inches (60 centimeters) long.

The evergreen leaves appear one after one, typically in a cross-shaped shape and form an elongated crown.

The flowers are mostly orange, with a touch of blue. The colors of the petals are blue, purple, yellow and orange. There are three red-brown tepals that form an rook-like shape.

The most well-known and popular type of flower has heads of orange However, a more recent version produces a yellow flower.

Yellow Bird of Paradise flowers have been in existence for quite a while throughout the world. But, seeds of these varieties seldom germinate naturally since the majority of the seeds are pollinated by various kinds of. It requires two parents of yellow to create the yellow variety.

In the 1970s, John Winter pollinated a stock of yellow Strelitzia (only seven of them) in the National Botanical Garden in Kirstenbosch, Africa.

It took them 20 decades of meticulous selection, hand-pollinating and careful breeding before they could get sufficient of the first crop that was that they could sell commercially in 1994.

It was offered under the title “Kirstenbosch Gold,” but in honour of Nelson Mandela, the name was changed to “Mandela’s Gold.” This is the only variation that is of the species.

The leaves that resemble bananas in Mandela’s Gold can grow to 5 feet in height (1.5 meters). The huge flowers consist of three yellow sepals as well as three deep purple flowers.


[2] Strelitzia White/ Strelitzia alba

Strelitzia White also known as Strelitzia Augusta, isthe most rare of the three largest Strelitzia species that are found in the southern part of Africa and distinguished by their distinctive characteristics and color variation. It is a great option for a medium-sized to large-sized garden.

The lower portion is a bit spongy and its leaves can be as long as three feet (90cm) and shiny. Its petals have white with the base of purple, which is that can be up to six inches (15 centimeters) in length. Strelizia white flowers bloom from May through July.

The plant isn’t branching, however it does have many stems that can reach as high as 34ft (10m) high. The older stems are hardy, with the scarred leaves, as well as suckers at the bottom.

The upper leaves are oblong 6.5 feet (2 meters) long and 1.3-2 feet (0.4-0.6 meters) wide. They’re leathery and grow in opposite directions and range from green to grayish in color. The leaf lamina is ripped off by the passage of time and wind.

A single flower with a boat shape appears during the winter and fall seasons. It’s curved and dark blue, measuring 10-11 inches (250-300 millimeters) in length, 2.4-3 inches (60-80 mm) tall, as well as 1.8 inches (45 millimeters) thick.

The stem that bears flowers has an slender point and is covered with Mucilage that is secreted on both sides. Sepals have white petals and are between 160 and 180 millimeters in length and 30 to 35 millimeters wide.

They are pure white with lanceolate 35mm petals with they have a 0.5 inch (11 millimeters) broad lower petal that is shaped like a boat on the top, and an 1.5 inch (40-45 millimeter) upper lanceolate petal over the lower one.

The filament measures 1.2 inches (30 millimeters) long. The anthers range from 2-2.2 inches (50 and 55 millimeters) in length.

In the season of summer, this fruit splits away from the tree’s top. The aril is yellow while the seed is round and dark brown to black in the color.

[3] Strelitzia nicolai

In all the Strelitzias among them, this is the most magnificent. In the memory of Russian Tsar Nicholas-I, Edward Regel (1815-1892), Director of the Imperial Botanical Garden in St. Petersburg was the one who gave the blue and white flower its name.

The plant is also referred to as the woody Strelitzia because it is between 26 and 33 feet (8-10 meters) tall and can have an erect stem that is that can reach thirteen feet (4m) large.

They resemble palm tree trunks due to the marks left by fallen leaves. The wind blows leaves, creating the feathers of a huge bird.

The flowers are stunning and have huge inflorescences that are typical of Strelitzia. Flowers of Strelitzia Nicholas are blue and white on the base of a blue-purplish color, and they can reach as long as 20 inches (50 centimeters) in length.

The colors are distinct. A reddish border is surrounded by the blue-green bract that has blue-white flowers. The flowers only bloom after 8 years of development.

The plant could be misinterpreted as a huge banana tree with no flowers. This is why it is referred to by the name of “wild banana Natalia” by the tribes of the area.

It is also distinctive in the sense that it isn’t poisonous. The seeds of StrelitziaNicolai are consumed in the home country of South Africa, and the stems are used for making ropes.

Strelitzia Nicolai grows quickly in the natural environment due to its sturdy roots and numerous branches. It thrives along rivers and ocean shorelines in areas in which day and night temperatures aren’t too dissimilar and can withstand droughts well.

[4] Strelitzia caudata

It is an akin to banana Strelitzia species that is found in the southern part of Africa. It is a great spot for large or medium-sized gardens.

Strelitzia Caudata is a plant with a multi-stem, unbranched stem which can grow to an average height of 20 feet (6m) and its stem diameter is 4 to 6 inches (100 to 150 millimeters).

The stems of plants that are older are woodyand covered with leaves, and often are covered with suckers that grow out of the base.

Leaf-blades measure 5-5.5 inches (1.5-1.7m) long, as well as 31-33.5 inches (800-850 millimeters) wide. They are oblong, with the pink petiole, which measures 5-5.5 feet long, but is shorter at the base.

The leaves are leathery opposite, ranging from grayish to green in color. The leaf’s lamina gets torn and broken by winds as it grows older and old.

It is a single inflorescence of purple with a boat-shaped form which blooms in the winter and fall. It’s burgundy-gray color, 12 inches (300 millimeters) in length, 2.5 inches (60-65 mm) tall, and 1.4 inches (35 millimeters) thick. It is located at an angle towards the pedicelle.

The thin tip of the stem creates mucus, which aids in the appearance of flowers.

The flowers are linear-lanceolate with upper abaxial sepals that measure 6-8 inches (150-200 millimeters) in length as well as 1.2 inches (30 millimeters) broad. The abaxial pairs that are higher up sepals are pinkish-purple or white at the base.

The lower sepal is approximately the same size as the other two, and is boat-shaped, with sharp keel which extends around the middle to form the tail, or lobe, of 0.6-1 inch (15-25 millimeters) in length.

The petals are light purple around or close to the base, approximately 5-6 inches (120-150 millimeters) long. They have the apical part forming an sagittate-like shape (resembling an archerhead).

Blunt basal lobes are 2-2.4 inches (50-60mm) in length and 0.3 inches (7-8mm) in the width. It is four inches (100mm) long and 0.8 millimeters (20mm) in the width.

The upper petal has an ovate-shaped shape that measures 1-1.3 inches (25-35 millimeters) in length as well as 0.5 millimeters (10-12.5 mm)in width, which includes the top (acute puncture).

They measure 1-1.5 inches (30-40 millimeters) long. The anthers measure 2-3.5 inches (55-90 millimeters) large.

In addition to the stigma The style is 7 to 6-7 inches (160-175 mm). The shape of the ovary is irregularly triangular.

[5] Strelitzia juncea

The plant is native to the eastern region of the African continent. It is able to withstand dry spells and abrupt temperatures, and does not fear temporary issues.

The flowers resemble those of Strelitzia caudata in both structure and appearance. The leaves however are quite distinct. The blades of the leaves are narrow and elongated, creating an elongated rosette that can reach 6.5 inches (2m) in the diameter.

It is slow-growing and does not flower for more than 3-4 years. If it is grown the correct way, S. juncea is an annual flowering plant that can live for a long time.

The flowers resemble those of most commonly used S. Reginae however the leaves are distinct from one another.

The inflorescence consists of a scapular-shaped shape and the average of five flowers in it. Although S. Regina’s spot for flowers is situated over the leaves The flower spot of this species is lower. spot is lower.

Strelitzia reginae mzimvubuensis

This is a subspecies of famous Strelitzia Reginae, a perennial popular garden flower and the best cut flower in the world.

They are evergreen plants which can reach 5 feet (1.5 meters) high and 6.5feet (2 meters) in the diameter. The roots are soft and can reach .08 inches (20 millimeters) in the diameter.

The leaves are vibrant green (but they do have a grayish-blue bloom in full sunshine). The leaves are arranged in two rows, they rise to a height of 5 feet (1.5 meters).

Petioles as large as .05 inch (12 millimeters) of diameter, and up to 32 inches (800 millimeters) long, are green or having a grayish blue patina. Plants that are that are grown in full sun are ovate-shaped with broad (egg-shaped) or nearly the shape of lanceolate (ovate-lanceolate) leaves.

Inflorescence Stem (approximately four blooms are produced each season) is straight, hard and grows to an average size that is 28 inches (700 millimeters).

The bracts are adorned with vibrant colors that over its long edges with a length of 7 to 6-7 inches (170-180 millimeters) long , and ending at the bottom of the denticle. It is either horizontal or ascending. The boat-shaped denticle can give rise to up to six flowers.

Use In The Interior Decoration

The exotic look of Strelitzia can lighten any space. Even the most apathetic guests or visitors will be pleasantly surprised by the huge shiny leaves and the original buds.

The tall “birds of paradise” look fantastic in contemporary homes and complement even the most striking designs.

Bathrooms with loggias or verandas typically have pots with unique plants in them. They take up space and attract attention. With the assistance of Strelitzia it is possible to create an area of green within your home.

Large plants look stunning in the ground, and so are small planters that sit on stands.



Went from a bad gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)