How to Fix Brown Spots on Peperomia

Last Updated on July 25, 2022 by admin

Everyone doesnt want to see the appearance of brown marks on their beautiful natural green Peperomia plant. The brown spots could represent your Peperomia plants signal to you that it is unhappy with its surroundings. They may be an indication of a disease or pest.

There is a chance that you are worried about the plant you love, but dont be afraid. When you have identified the reason for those brown marks, you will be able to make steps to restore it to its normal state.

The brown spots that appear on Peperomia leaves could result from insects, environmental stress or diseases, as well as nutrient deficiency. Strategies to revive Peperomia involve changing the growth conditions, fighting pests and diseases. The frequency of watering is also crucial.

Learn how to determine the source for the spots that are brown, and then how to fix the issue.

How to Identify Peperomia Brown Spots

Peperomia brown spots may take various varieties. There may be tiny brown spots on the leaves, or maybe the browning covers the majority of the plants leaves.

Sometimes, the brown spots appear soft. Sometimes the leaves appear to be crisp and brown. The brown spots can appear inflamed or raised.

Brown spots may appear anyplace in any part of the Peperomia plant, however the most frequent spot is on the leaves.

Its recommended to examine the underside and top of your plants leaves frequently to check for indications of the leaves turning brown.

What Causes Brown Spots on Peperomia Leaves?

Numerous factors could cause spots of brown to develop on the Peperomia plants leaves.

There are a myriad of possible causes, its essential to identify the root of the browning prior to trying to treat it.

If you have the right knowledge With the right information, youll be on the way to bring the Peperomia plants back to its health.

Peperomia variety


The most common reason for browning is excessive watering, which could result in Oedema. Oedema is a condition that develops when plants absorb much more fluid than the plant is able to eliminate.

The pressure of water inside the plant increases to a point and causes cells of the leaf to break and form brown spots. The main reason for this is overwatering. for peperomia root decay.

How to Fix Peperomia Overwatering

Avoid overwatering by ensuring that the container drains correctly. In the event that your plants are too damp, plant it again in new soil.

It is also recommended to be patient when watering. Peperomias are best watered after the top 1 to 2 inches of soil is dry.

A best practice is to water once every seven to ten days, however its best to base your decision on the degree of dryness in the soil, not the days between the last watering.


Brown spots on plants could also be the result of water logging. This is most likely when those brown spots appear located on the leaf tips and when you notice that the plants are also losing its elasticity.

Another method to determine if the plant is in a state of underwatering is to check the level of soil dryness.

If the soil beneath the top 1 to 2 inches in the potting mix appears dry, its most likely that your Peperomia isnt hydrated enough.

How To Fix Underwatering

To remedy this issue, you must first, water your plant thoroughly, until the water runs into the drain holes located at the base of your planter.

To avoid drowning in the future, you must monitor your plant closely to identify the amount of water it requires.

Be sure that you let the top one up to 2 inches dry out between irrigations, but dont let it get too dry.

Self-watering systems are a good method to ensure that your plant gets only the amount of water it requires.

Using Tap Water Causes Brown Spots

Peperomias are found in water-rich subtropical and tropical areas This means they are able to benefit from being selective with regards to the quality of water.

In the end, theyre susceptible to fluoride or chlorine which is often present in tap water.

The exposure to fluoride and chlorine can trigger Peperomia to form brown spots.

How To Fix Problems With Using Tap Water

If you are planning to keep using water from the tap There are steps you can take to ensure it is suitable for your plant.

The letting of a bottle filled with tap water stand for 24 hours prior to watering will allow fluoride and chlorine to evaporate.

Alternately, you can make use of rainwater or distilled water to water your plant.

Pest Infestation

Its possible youre experiencing brown marks on your Peperomia could be the result of an infestation. The most frequent pest that causes brown spots is the red spider mites.

There are red spider mites that leave webs throughout the plant. Alongside the webs that are sticky, a obvious indication for red spider mites are leaves that have small brown dots. These result from the spiders eating the leaves.

How To Deal With A Pest Infestation

To eliminate spider mites that are red You can clean the webs off each week and then wait for the mites to go away. Chemical sprays are also that can be used to eliminate the mites.

When your plants are becoming brown due to an infestation of pests There are steps you can follow to eliminate the insect and save your plant.

The red spider mites a frequent insect that is that is found on Peperomia plants, which can create brown marks.

Here are some methods to eliminate red spider mites:
  • Choose to go organic and spray water onto the leaves each week. It is possible to do this using spray bottles, or even put the entire plants in the bath and then hose it down.
  • If the problem is not too serious it is possible to clean the plant using a damp cloth.
  • You can also buy the mite Phytoseiulus persimilis which consumes the red mites.
  • To find a chemical solution for an infestation that is more severe You can make use of products that contain surfactants or fatty acids to eliminate the mites.

Peperomia Diseases

Brown spots could be an indication that the Peperomia is a diseased. There are additional signs to be aware of.

When you have identified the kind of illness, youll be able to determine the best way to manage it.

Fungal diseases that can cause brown spots are Cercospora leaf spot, Phyllosticta leaf spot and Rhizoctonia leaf spot.

A virus that is known to cause browning of Peperomia plants is known as the Peperomia Ringspot virus.

I have a complete article on the peperomia leaves turning black that also explains the reasons and solutions for the issue.

For a quick overview of the procedure to treat a fungal infection within the Peperomia plant:

  1. Take the affected leaves off using sterilized scissors.
  2. Get rid of the affected leaves.
  3. Make sure that the plants leaves are as dry as you can.
  4. Spray the lower surfaces of the leaves of the plant with the oil of neem.
  5. If your plant is seriously infected, youll have to eliminate and destroy the entire plant.

How to Treat Peperomia Diseases

If your plant is suffering from an infection caused by fungal organisms it is necessary to get rid of and dispose of the affected leaves as soon as you can.

Spray the undersides of leaf with the oil of neem to ensure that the plant is as dry as you can.

If your plant is suffering from an infection that is viral it is, unfortunately no treatment for it chemically.

It is necessary to remove all the entire plant to prevent this disease from spreading across other plants.

To treat fungal illnesses. These are the fungalicides that I suggest:

Peperomia Exposed To Excessive Light/Scorching

Because Peperomias originate from subtropical and tropical forests, they live in a canopy of dispersed light. This is why they prefer direct sunlight that is bright and intense.

But, too much light could cause scorching, which could cause the tips of the leaves of your plant to become brown.

The sunburnt effect is most likely to occur when your plant is located in an area that receives a lot sun direct, like windows facing south.

How To Fix Excess Light Problem

Transfer your plant to an area that receives indirect light. Any window that is not facing south will work.

If youre unable to get the Peperomia away from direct light sources You can make an artificial screening device by placing an piece of tissue on the Peperomia plant.

Temperature Stress

The brown edges of the leaves of all houseplants are usually a indication of a temperature issue.

Theres a possibility that your home is too hot or the plant is near a radiator, which could cause the leaves of the plant to turn brown because of stress from temperature.

On the other hand cold temperatures may result in browning leaves. If the plant is put on a window or in the vicinity of an air-conditioned draft, it could form chill spots that are brown.

How To Fix Temperature Issues

First, decide the plants temperature, whether it is too hot or too cold. A good temperature range for the Peperomia plant is between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit, which is 18 to 27 degrees Celsius.

Be sure your plant isnt subject to the blowing air of the furnace and also keep it safe from cold drafts.


Similar to extreme temperatures dry conditions may cause leaves of plants to dry out and then turn brown.

Although the majority of Peperomia cultivars dont require humid conditions however, theres the possibility the plant you have is too dry.

A good guideline to figure out how much humidity your Peperomia species needs is to examine the leaf thickness.

The more dense the leaves are, the less humidity needs.

Fixing Humidity Issues

If you think your Peperomia plant isnt getting enough moisture then you could place it in pebbles to boost the humidity.

It is also possible to make use of a humidifier, and mist the surrounding area to increase the amount of humidity within the atmosphere.

Fertilizer Problems

Peperomia plants dont require any fertilization. If you fertilize them too often it could cause some nutrients to build until the point of being toxic. This could cause a variety of problems such as the browning of your skin.

Peperomia plants thrive on an optimum fertilizer mix of 10-10-10, with a balanced mix of the phosphate, nitrate and potash.

Peperomia plants need to be fertilized 3 times per year. If you apply fertilizer, use less. Use the dilution guidelines on the fertilizers package.

When you determine your fertilizing schedule, you must only fertilize your plants during the during the growth season.

As with many other plants, Peperomia plants grow slower during winter. This is why they are best fed during the summer, spring and autumn.

How To Fix Fertilizer Problems

Since Peperomia plants have low fertilization requirements it is only necessary to fertilize them every month.

Make use of a water-soluble fertilizer and ensure that you only fertilize during growing seasons.

Another method to prevent over-fertilization is to apply organic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers release tiny quantities of nutrients over a long duration. This can help prevent burn from fertilizers.

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How To Treat Brown Spots on Peperomia

The most effective method to treat the brown marks on your Peperomia plant is based on the root cause of the spots.

In the event that your Peperomia is suffering from environmental stresses such as temperature problems and underwatering, or over and humidity issues, the only thing you have to do is alter the conditions.

In the event that your plants are suffering from an infection caused by fungal spores the initial step should be to determine the kind of fungal infection.

Below are some of the frequent fungal diseases that are that are found within Peperomia plants, as well as the steps for treating each one.

Common Fungal Diseases

For a quick overview of the procedure to treat a fungal infection within the Peperomia plant:

  1. Take the affected leaves off using sterilized scissors.
  2. Get rid of the affected leaves.
  3. Make sure that the plants leaves are as dry as you can.
  4. Spray the lower surfaces of the leaves of the plant with the oil of neem.
  5. If your plant is seriously infected, youll have to eliminate and destroy the entire plant.

Your plant could be suffering from an infection. A frequent virus that causes the appearance of brown marks in Peperomia plants is known as the Peperomia Ringspot virus.

The signs of this are brown lesions, dark or light rings, leaves that are distorted and slow growth.

Unfortunately, there are no chemical treatments to cure viral diseases. If your plant is infected with Peperomia ringspot virus, youll need to treat it. Peperomia Ringspot disease, youll have to eliminate the affected Peperomia to ensure that the virus does not spread to other plants.

If your plant has been affected by an infestation of pests and youve already eliminated the pests, the second step should be to clean the affected plant.

It is necessary to take down the leaves that have been most affected, since this will allow the rest of the plant to resume normal growth.

Its also crucial to avoid the possibility of future infestations. The red spider is a favorite in dry, warm conditions.

If you find the fact that your Peperomia plant is especially susceptible to spider mites that are red Its an ideal idea to relocate it to a colder and moist environment.

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How To Prevent Brown Spots On Peperomia Leaves

You now know the cause of peperomia-related brown spots. It will be easier to identify the best preventive measure. Here are the measures you can take to fight peperomia-related brown spots.

Provide Sufficient Indirect Light

Peperomia plants are at their best when theyre in the presence of indirect, bright sunlight. Insufficient light, and their leaves may begin to turn brown.

Insufficient exposure to direct sunlight, the leaves may be sunburned, and turn -you guessed it -- brown.

Make sure that you give the Peperomia plant the sun it requires by placing it near a south-east facing window in a location with plenty of sunlight.

Prepare For Hot Days And Cold Days

As you are aware, Peperomia plants can be sensitive to temperature. The optimal temperature range for a Peperomia is between 65 and 80 degF, or 18 to 27 degC.

In cold weather, protect your plant from cold air by moving it away from doors and windows that lead towards the outdoors.

It is possible to use heaters to heat up your entire space, but you must be cautious not to place your Peperomia directly in the blast of warm air that is coming from the heater - this could result in it drying out.

The heat can be a problem with Peperomia plants, however its not as big of a problem if theyre indoors.

Regular Inspection For Pests

The pests are sneaky, and we often dont realize that theyre present till its way too late. This is why its a great idea to check your Peperomia for signs of pests.

Its much easier to deal with insects if they are caught early. If they are left to linger for too long, and youll end up with a colony of them.

And, even more importantly, they could be spread to other plants, resulting in an entire infestation.

If you are looking over your plants, be sure to inspect the leafs underside since most insects are found there.

Keep an eye out for tiny pests or anomalies.

Certain pests are not visible for the untrained eye therefore you must instead be on the lookout for signs they are there.

The signs of the red spider mite, which is a frequent pest that is found in Peperomia plants, are tiny brown spots and webs that form on the leaves of the plant.

Cut Off Infected Leaves As Soon As Possible

If you observe the Peperomia plants leaves are turning brown, the best option is to remove the affected leaves.

If the leaves are ill by disease, cutting them off can ensure the disease isnt able to spread.

Make sure you remove the leaves using sterilized scissors. Then, dispose of the affected leaves after youve eliminated them.

The removal of the affected leaves can help the plant recover quicker. Instead of spending its energy to heal the brown leaves it will channel all its energy towards bringing its health back.

Watering Regularly

Peperomia plants thrive best when they follow regular schedules for watering. Similar to other plants, inconsistent timings for watering can cause water stress that can result in all kinds of problems such as browning.

Peperomia plants must be kept watered until the top 1 to 2 inches of soil is dry.

In general, this happens approximately every seven to 10 days. But, this can vary based on the season and the size of the plant and the type of Peperomia.

Its recommended to keep track of the amount of water your plant is consuming and determine the appropriate time to water it based on its requirements.

Using Healthy Soil Mix

Soil may carry all kinds of pathogens that can cause illness. This is why its crucial to plant only in soil that is sterile.

Although it may be tempting to conserve resources and then repot in the soil of an old plant This could make the plant sick.

When you decide to pot the Peperomia plant, be sure that you do it in new soil.

Using Filtered Water

Peperomia plants are sensitive fluoride and chlorine, both of which are typically present in the tap water. Exposure to these chemicals may cause the plants to show brown patches.

Dont fret - you can still make use of tap water! Simply keep your taps water inside an unattended container at least 24 hours prior to irrigation of the Peperomia plant. This causes fluoride and chlorine to evaporate out of the water.

It is also possible to use filtering water to speed up the turnaround time. If you own an apex or other method of collecting rainwater, you can sprinkle your Peperomia plant using that.

Avoid Overwatering

The overwatering of plants can lead to a variety of issues. Peperomia plants dont need much water, but its crucial to use it sparingly.

To ensure that your plant doesnt get excessive amounts of water, make sure that the pot you choose to use has proper drainage to ensure that excess water is able to drain away from the root.

The planter must have drainage holes on the bottom. The water must be able to flow freely run into a drain pan that is below the planter.

It is also essential that the soil is airy enough to allow space to allow water move through. If the soil of your plant is not compact enough it wont be able to pass into the soil, and then out from the pot.

Find potting mixes that contain Perlite or Vermiculite. These can increase the aeration of the soil.

If you do decide for a watering, be sure you keep an ongoing timetable for watering.

If youre struggling to remember to keep your Peperomia frequently Self-watering systems are an effective solution.

Are brown leaves an indication of excessive watering?

There are a myriad of problems that could cause the Peperomia plants to show brown marks, and overwatering is only one of them.

The excess watering of plants can lead to root decay that can prevent the plant from absorbing sufficient nutrients.

Plants with root rot is also susceptible to pests and diseases. In addition, excessive watering can result in brown spots on leaves.



Went from an inexperienced gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. I cover anything from general indoor plant guides and lawn care, to succulents and flowers. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)