Calatheas are a rare plant that is recognized by their stunning and distinct colors. They can brighten up your house with vibrant shades of pink, greens, and purples.
If you’re lucky, you may even get to flower your calathea with either orange or white flowers which only enhance the beauty of the plant.
There are a variety of Calatheas, ranging from beginner-friendly pinstripe, pinstripe, and zebra Calatheas , to more expensive (but absolutely worthwhile!) Peacock and rosy Calatheas.
These pets-friendly plants require moderate to high humidity. They work well in kitchens and bathrooms.
With hundreds of varieties and hundreds of hybrids, picking your preferred species isn’t easy. Let’s look at the various Calathea varieties to assist you in trying to choose the perfect match.
The Striking Calathea Species
The lower classifications of Calathea are part of the Genus, neotropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plants. They are also they are part belonging to the Marantaceae family.
The plant is a native of the tropical regions, particularly Brazil. In Brazil, they were utilized to make handicrafts, and even food preparation.
The varieties of Calathea that had lanceolate or larger pointed leaves, were used to make baskets. The shorter, wider leaves served to cover up food items.
Calathea Calathea species is known as a ‘prayer plant’ because of the natural movements of its leaves, called Nyctinasty..
The leaves fold and curl or shift due to lighting patterns that change from day to night.
This plant’s actions maximise the amount of sunlight available during the day for photosynthesis and for growth. The leaves of Calathea change in height and fall by changing the pressure of water inside them.
The majority of Calathea species can be distinguished by their distinctively patterned and often brightly colored leaves. These vary from stripes to distinctive outline, or even full color on the underside.
The height of the Calathea can differ depending on the type. However, most will grow less than two to three feet, which, along with low light makes them ideal for small spaces, such as bathrooms or offices.
How Many Calathea Types Are There?
It is believed that the Calathea is a variety of species. There are a variety of varieties, with more than 300 hybrid crosses, which makes the choice of a preferred one quite difficult.
Certain varieties are green and normal , while others have purple undersides and leaves that appear to be aliens.
Caring for Your Calathea
Calatheas are pet-friendly and are fairly easy to maintain. They’re not fond of direct sunlightbut thrive in areas with low light. This is due to the fact that they are found in the forest floor beneath the canopy of trees and tall shrubs and receive only a small amount of sunlight.
This species of plant prefers damp soil or potting mediums however it doesn’t like immersed in the water. The use of a watering globe helps keep the soil moist but not soggy.
Because they are tropical plants They thrive in warmer temperatures, 65-80 degF with high humidity, greater than 60 percent.
If you live in a climate with low humidity this won’t pose a threat to the plant’s health. It is possible to stream them into the bathroom, put an humidifier near by, place mulch that is damp on top of the plants, and regularly mist it, or put bowls of water around the Calathea.
Calatheas typically flower in wild settings, however the majority of household Calatheas will not. Although fertilizers aren’t required to maintain your plant however, applying the regular fertilizer for your home will allow them to bloom beautiful.
In general all, the Calathea requires a bit of TLC particularly in relation to their water and humidity requirements.
They don’t need regular pruning aside from cutting off yellow or brown foliage to maintain them looking good.
Calathea Varieties Named and Photos
Calathea Lancifolia – Rattlesnake Plant
The distinctive-looking leaves of this species can be identified as the species of Calathea. The leaves are large and pointed, with crimped edges.
It is Calathea Lancifolia is a green plant that has an underside of purple on the leaves.
The pattern of foliage alternates between large and small ellipses, which resembles the pattern on the skin of a rattlesnake, which is why it’s called a common name.
This variety is a little more difficult to cultivate than other varieties, but will provide you with as much as 30 inches of striking and stunning foliage.
It needs a lot of humidity and heat, as well as adequate drainage. In the wild, this plant typically produces tiny yellow flowers in the springtime however, this is not likely when it is an indoor plant.
Calathea Orbifolia – Round-Leaf Calathea
Calathea Orbifolia Calathea Orbifolia has been given the name round-leaf Calathea due to its huge and beautiful leaves.
The leaves will delight any guest at your home with its sparkling green and silvery-striped patterns and its distinctive silvery underside.
Because the beautiful beauty of the plant captivates the hearts of so many people, it is difficult to find on.
The Calathea needs a lot of effort and time to maintain. If you’re a novice gardener or have a hectic schedule, then this kind of Calathea won’t be for you. However, those who dare to take a trip are sure to be delighted by the outcomes.
Calathea ‘PP0005’ – Network Calathea
The Calathea variety is identified through its vibrant green foliage and tiny yellow dots that resemble geometrical patterns covering the leaves. They appear to be mosaics or stained glass.
To enhance the delicate elegance of the plant, its leaves are an elegant scalloped design, giving a texture to the space in which they are set.
In contrast to the rattlesnake and round-leaf Calatheas, the network Calathea is a hardy plant that is ideal for beginners or people who don’t have much time for maintenance of their plants.
Calathea Makoyana – Peacock Calathea
The peacock Calathea appropriately got its name due to its stunningly-patterned leaves. The leaves are round, but smaller than its relative that is the rattlesnake Calathea however, they share similar patterns.
The leaves of light green are adorned by dark-green oval designs which make the leaves appear as if they are their own leaves.
As new leaves emerge and begin to curl upwards, revealing their vibrant purple-red undersides and bringing a splash of color to your home.
This Calatheas kind of plant needs a lot of care and regular showers or even being in a tent of humidity for the night.
Calathea Ornata – Pinstripe Calathea
This kind of Calathea shines the dazzling, vibrant striped foliage that resembles, yes, you’re right pinstripes.
The huge leaves on the round are vibrant green, with subtle pink stripes that appear like they’ve been drawn on.
The pinstripe Calathea is simpler to maintain than the other Calatheas mentioned however it still requires higher humidity conditions.
Calathea Concinna – Calathea Freddie
Freddie is the name that is commonly used to describe the Calathea Concinna. The leaves are tapered and elongated. are recognizable by their striking, zebra-like stripes.
The plant is able to grow up to 2 feet, and each leaf is approximately 4-7 inches. If you are able to flower the Freddie Calathea The white flowers will extend out from the middle of the plant, forming an inflorescence that is a long, stalk-like inflorescence.
The plant is difficult to grow because it is temperamental in its water requirements. Regularly water and let the soil dry out around 70 percent. Be careful not to let the soil become completely dry. (If you fail to do this, and it’s not an accident with a train, but the plant will be able to be able to forgive you after you water it once more.)
Calathea Roseopicta – Medallion Calathea
Its Calathea Roseopicta Medallion guaranteed to add a touch of color to any house. It is easily identified through its deep green foliage, a the light green center and intricate borders.
It’s almost like painting strokes that cover the leaves. Alongside the striking leaves, there is a vibrant fuschia underneath, which is visible when the leaves begin to rise in the mornings because of Nyctinasty.
This kind of Calathea is more easy to maintain than other varieties we’ve discussed it is a great choice for a beginner gardener. It is hardy and has thick foliage, which makes it more tolerant to low temperatures and humidity.
The mist of Calathea is recognized by its round leaves that have wavy edges. The leaves are dark green leaves with an emerald green central line which will brighten any space.
Calathea Ornata – Beauty Star Calathea
The beauty-star Calathea variation is like pinstripe Calathea. This is due to the fact that they are both cultivars of the Ornata species.
The beauty star also has the stripes and an edgier green splodge over each leaf.
The leaves are tall and abundant and will reward you with an abundance of silvery green hues and a hint of deep purple on the leaf’s underside.
Calathea Roseopicta – Corona Calathea
Calathea Corona is a striking plant. Calathea Corona is among the most well-known of the Calathea Genus. The plant is known as its crown (which is the word corona refers to) because of its stunning foliage.
The leaves of Calathea are round in shape and have sharp tips. They are light green, silvery hue with a dark, vivid green outline. It is possible to see the vibrant purple leaves’ underside when the new leaves are growing in a curly manner.
Calathea Roseopicta – Dottie Calathea
It is the Dottie Calathea cultivar is quite slightly darker than many of the other. It is easily recognized by its massive dark green leaves with wavy edges that resemble crimped-like.
They are mostly dark green, with a few hints of light pink that outline the shape of the leaf, and flowing across the middle.
It’s almost like someone has been drawn by a wax crayon. Like corona Calathea the plant has a dark purple underside.
Calathea Roseopicta – Rosy Calathea
The final Calathea Roseopicta Genus is the Rosy variant. It is certainly the most vivid and vibrant among all Calathea varieties.
As per its name The foliage that this species produces is adorned with purples and pinks. Certain leaves are nearly pink and some are silvery green , with strong streaks of vivid hue. The leaves are bordered with a contrasted deep green borders.
The Calathea is fast-growing and can reach 2 feet under the most extreme conditions (and obviously, the high levels of humidity.) It can be a challenge to manage, but they will shower with vibrant colors that will amaze anyone who sees them.
Calathea Rufibarba – Furry Feather
This Calathea variant is more subdued side. Although their distinctive foliage will be a focal point however, they’re not as vibrant as the other Calatheas with the exception of their underside that is muted in maroon.
Their leaves resemble the length of a bird’s feather, with an elongated tip and curly edges, as their name suggests. What makes this type unique is the tiny hair-like, smooth underside.
The plant is also larger than the average and can reach to be just over 3 feet tall.
Calathea Rufibarba Calathea Rufibarba is also less frequent maintenance than the Orbifolia Genus. The feathers are less than tolerant when it comes to receiving the wrong types of minerals, and it will also be less prone to problems in the case of the leaves turning brown.
Calathea Crocata – Eternal Flame
This stunning Calathea is sure to be the center of attention in any house. It is recognizable by its fiery and fierce-looking flowering in orange and yellow. Its main part has deep purple and green leaves, with wrinkled, round leaves.
The name of the plant came because of its stunning flowers. They are soaring upwards from the bottom of the plant during late spring. The flowers last for approximately 2 to 3 months. They are encouraged by fertilizers.
Calathea Zebrina – Zebra Calathea
This Calathea is quite like that of the famous Freddie Calathea. Its velvety leaves are egg-shaped, light green leaves. It is surrounded with dark-green stripes, similar to stripes of zebra.
Like most Calatheas that are available, this one also has an underside of purple that is visible when the plant lifts its leaves in order to get more sunlight.
The plant can reach up to 3 feet tall and have leaves that can grow as long as 15 inches. Because it needs high humidity, it can be ideal in a well-lit kitchen or bathroom.
Calathea Ornata – Sanderiana Calathea
Similar to the pinstripe Calathea This Ornata is a lot easier to maintain as compared to other Calatheas. It needs medium to high humidity, and frequent misting is sufficient to keep it healthy.
You’ll be over in love with these artfully painted white-pink stripes and the leaves. They complement those dark-green leaves as well as the purple underside.
Last Comment on Calathea Plant Types
Because of the Calathea plants’ striking leaves and vibrant colors They are highly sought-after which makes Calatheas typically rare plants.
They are appreciated by both novice and experienced gardeners. For beginners, it is recommended to look at the Ornata variety since they are the most simple to cultivate, yet nevertheless have gorgeous foliage.
By regularly misting your plants and using other methods to increase humidity Your Calathea (aka prayers plants) will flourish! You’ll be delighted with the new addition to your collection, which will add the necessary pop of color to your home collection.