Can Plants Grow Without Soil?

Like humans, plants require food in order to live. They can’t exist without soil, wouldn’t they? While soil is the primary source of nutrition plants require to thrive however, they can also be able to survive without soil.

The majority of us cultivate indoors as in the conventional sense. Plant the plant in soil and water as needed. This is usually enough to ensure that the plant’s survival and growth healthy. However, this shouldn’t have to be the situation.

Can plants thrive without soil?

It’s possible that you don’t believe me, however there’s a variety of methods to grow plants in the absence of soil. Very successfully, too. Three major systems that are that are involved in the cultivation of plants the method that is soilless are:

  • Hydroponics
  • Aquaponics
  • Aeroponics

If you follow them correctly If they are followed correctly, these systems let you grow indoors with ease. They all use nutrient-rich water-based solutions to feed your plants.

The system is also equipped with an organic growing medium to help support the plants. Also, they fulfill the same two tasks that soil performs.

If you’re anything like me, and live in a tiny area, there’s a chance you have a lot of plants around your house. The good news is that gardening without soil is perfect for homes with no gardens.

Perhaps you’re an adventurous and adventurous gardener looking to experiment with something new (you are a liar! ) You may also be looking for a more eco-friendly method of gardening.

Whatever the reason, if you’re looking to be soil-free I will explain why and how it’s achievable in this blog.

The initial setup I’ll talk about might seem overwhelming initially, but once we understand how it works and how to grow without soil within the comfort of your own home will be an easy task.

Leaf in Water

Why aren’t plants able to grow without soil?

The plants can thrive without soil, provided they obtain the essential nutrients other sources. Soil typically provides nutrients to plants to allow it to survive and develop.

If these vital nutrients are supplied to the plant by other sources, the plant won’t require any soil. As techniques for farming improve each year, farming without soil is becoming increasingly well-known.

The plants only require 5 main factors to be able to thrive:

  • Light plants convert sunlight energy (and different forms of sunlight) to foods (sugars). This happens through the process of photosynthesis.
  • Water is absorbed by the roots of plants and is also utilized in photosynthesis.
  • Carbon dioxide – Air enters into the plants through their leaves, and it combines with water to create sugar.
  • Nutrients – Nutrients are vital for healthy plants. The most important nutrients are phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen.
  • Space and support – Plants require space for the whole photosynthesis process as well as sufficient air. If plants don’t have sufficient space to grow, they could be overwhelmed. This could lead to low health and even death. The root system must be adequately supported by water and nutrients in order to function healthy.

It is possible that soil isn’t in this list. But, it is a fact that soil usually provides plants with essential nutrients and supports. However, if plants can obtain these essential ingredients needed to flourish from other sources soil isn’t required.

What can plants do without soil?

Many plants thrive in soils that are not. There are aquatic plants as well as parasitic plants. However, plants that typically are found in soil, make use of soil as a source for its nutrients.

However, as many gardeners are aware it isn’t easy to determine whether your plants are receiving enough, or perhaps excessive, amounts of water and sunlight.

If you plant plants that do not have soil, they’re typically submerged in water or often misted. The addition of nutrients is required since plain water is deficient in the essential nutrients plants require to thrive.

Let’s look at the three ways to grow plants that do not require soil. Each method uses water to supply nutrients to plants, however, they differ in.


This is done by soaking the plant’s roots in water that is rich in nutrients. The roots are then dangled in the water, instead of being buried in the soil.

Seeds are planted in soilless medium like coco coir , or Rockwool cubes. Once the seeds begin to sprout they are then able to are transferred to the hydroponic system.

Then, the water that is nutrients continuously flows over the roots. Thus, the plant receives all the nutrients it requires.

Different plants require specific nutrients to develop properly.

There is a variety of hydroponic items available that are available to increase the growth of your plants. For example, General Hydroponics MaxiGro Plant Food is a stand-alone, dry-concentrated, water-soluble nutrients that give a boost to the development that your plant.

If you’re looking to stimulate the development of seedlings and cuttings, as well as the vegetative growth stage this MaxiGro is an excellent choice.


The final method has a lot in common with hydroponics in that it utilizes nutrients to provide the plant food. The difference is that in aeroponics, the roots of the plant hanging in the air, instead of being in water.

Aquaponics employs regular misting and occasionally drips of a nutrients solution to supply water and food to plants. Two main kinds of aquaponic systems are:

  • High pressure
  • Low pressure

High-pressure systems make use of high-pressure misting to supply nourishment to roots. The water droplets are tiny, which means that the plant will quickly take in the nutrition.

It is not surprising that low-pressure systems employ misting systems that are low-pressure, but droplets are larger. They are more frequently used in aeroponic systems for home use since they tend to be less complicated.

Because of the design that aeroponics systems have, they are able to be designed as an erect garden. This is beneficial to commercial growers as well as homeowners in maximising the space available. This can also boost the yield of crops.

This Aeroponic Growing Kit designed for indoor and outdoor use can grow fruits, herbs and vegetables easily. This vertical planter is perfect for organic farming. It is designed to increase yield while requiring minimal effort.

It offers the most controlled environment to grow various agricultural products in every climate. It is likely the system you choose to use will help your plants develop more quickly than they have ever.


Aquaponics is a blend of aquaponics and hydroponics. The system utilizes hydroponics to aid in the growth of plants however, simultaneously using aquatic animals to supply nutrients to plants.

Due to the animals that live in water aquaponics is somewhat more difficult to keep. But, it’s still fairly simple for the average home gardener. If you’re looking to build an environment that is more natural by introducing small aquatic creatures is the best way to take.

Animals that are able to be used for this include:

  • Fish (koi barramundi or trout)
  • Shrimp
  • Snails

Consider the size of your set-up prior to adding animals. As with plants, animals require space to live.

The Back To the Roots Water Garden is an excellent self-cleaning tank for fish that aids in the maintenance of the aquaponic eco-system. This will enable you to plant succulents and houseplants all throughout the year to keep from developing those fingers and green thumbs.

It’s extremely convenient and simple to install at home, and it can be incorporated into any interiors. In only 10 days, you’ll be able to collect organic microorganisms from your aquarium, before the fish fertilize your plants to encourage them to develop.


Growing a plant at home with no soil is much easier than you might think. If you use any of the three methods mentioned above, you will be able to cultivate your plants without soil without fuss, and showcase this feat to your family and friends!

It might take some time to get familiar with and you might discover that one method is more effective for you than others. If you are patient and have enough time, you will be able to achieve amazing outcomes.

Take a look at some books that can help start your soilless gardening journey, including Greenhouse and Hydroponics, Aquaponics for beginners, as well as Aeroponics: Growing Vertically.

Get pleasure from the soil-free method of cultivating plants!



Went from a bad gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)