Why Are My Coffee Plant Leaves Dropping?

Congratulations for finally having the bean you’ve dreamed of! I’m sure you’re thrilled to harvest your first cup. You’ve probably learned everything you could about caring for your coffee plant.

Despite all the preparations you’ve encountered certain obstacles, and are now worried for the health of your plant and wonder why it has suddenly began losing leaves.

The most common reason the coffee plant sheds its leaves is excessive watering. Other reasons could be variations of temperature or draft, and a lack of moisture typically due to putting it in the wrong place. Coffee plants thrive in humid conditions that have a tropical climate.

Did you examine your coffee plant and find nothing in this article applies to you? Find out more reasons your coffee plant could have lost its leaves, and how to go to fix it.

Causes of Coffee Plant Dropping Leaves

Coffee plants aren’t easy to take care of. There are a variety of diseases and environmental issues to take into consideration when taking care of the plant. When it comes to growing coffee plants, it is crucial to understand the difference between what is healthy and what’s not.

The most important thing is to identify the disease or fix the issue before the damage to your plant is permanent. The signs to look for, as well as their causes and possible solutions are provided below.

Underwatering

Coffee plants will shed their leaves if you let your soil time to dry out completely.

They thrive in humid environments and weren’t designed in nature as drought-tolerant.

Letting the soil dry completely could result in irreparable damage to the coffee plant.

Solutions

If you are planning to swim, I would recommend watering more often. Be sure that the soil remains damp, but not soggy.

If the soil in your pot doesn’t hold enough water, regardless of the frequency with which you water your plants take the entire pot and soak it in water for 30 minutes to one hour. This will cause the soil to absorb the water instead of just let it run off.

After you remove the pot, let any excess water go away to ensure that the plant doesn’t get soaked. The soil in your pot is now ready to be used once more.

Water only once the topsoil, which is about one inches (2.54cm) deep is dry. The coffee plant thrives when you keep the soil damp.

coffee plant close up of fruit

Overwatering

Although the coffee plant is a fan of moist soil, it will not like soil that is waterlogged. Being in water may cause the roots and bark to decay and eventually destroy the roots and creating ringsbarks on the plant.

The damage could be irreparable If the issue isn’t addressed immediately, which could lead to the demise or demise of the coffee plants.

Solutions

If you are concerned about overwatering, I’d recommend waiting between watering until at least the first 1/8 inch (2.54cm) in soil. This will allow the soil to air dry out.

Get rid of any water that remains in the tray for half an hour after you have watered your plant.

You can determine whether the soil is dry by pressing your fingers approximately one inch deep in the dirt. If you feel it is dry, it’s time to water your plant.

Compact Soil

If the soil inside the coffee pot has become compacted, it could create stress on your plant’s roots. The roots may be unable to take in water, and develop in the way they are supposed to. This strain can result in the plant losing its leaves.

Solutions

If you notice that the soil inside your coffee plant’s pot is getting dense, you could decide to change the soil or break it with a garden fork.

Be careful not to harm the roots by loosening the soil.

Low Humidity

Low humidity can cause stress to the coffee plants. If your plant is stressed it may drop leaves to shield itself.

Less leaves means less energy is used up and less nutrients and water will be required to keep the leaves healthy and the plant healthy.

Solutions

Mist your plants every day at least. Misting frequently throughout the day is best when you have time. Do not mist at night.

Another option is to put an air humidifier near the coffee plant in order in order to help keep the air surrounding it humid.

You could also put your plant on the top of a tray that is filled with pebbles and water. If you choose to use this method of arranging your plant, be sure that your plant isn’t directly laying in the water.

Finally, you can group the plants you have together. The grouping of plants traps moisture and boosts the humidity of the plant.

Temperature Stress

Coffee plants begin losing leaves when temperatures fall to below 55degF (12.78degC). However, they can be permanently damaged if temperatures drop to 42 degrees Fahrenheit (5.57degC) which could cause death.

Solutions

Coffee plants like steady temperatures that range that range from 60 degF (15.56degC) to 75degF (23.89degC).

The control of temperature is much easier when your plant is inside. If you keep your plant outside, be sure to bring the plant inside once temperatures begin to fall in winter, especially in the fall and also during the hottest days in summer.

Drafts

Drafts can create stress within your coffee plant, which could result in the plant falling over its leaves. Cold or hot air can cause mechanical damage to the plant.

If the current place is a bit chilly this could be the reason your coffee plant is losing off leaves.

Solutions

It is recommended to keep the coffee plants in space free of drafts, or take steps to shield the plant from drafts and winds if it is kept outside. Be sure that windy weather doesn’t cause stress to the plant.

The coffee plant likes an environment that is humid and free of drafts.

Too Much Direct Sunlight

In direct sunlight, it could cause burns to the leaves, that will appear as brown spots on leaves. This will likely result in the plant losing its leaves completely.

Solutions

Coffee plants like direct, intense sunlight.

If the plant is exposed to direct sunlight, the leaves could be damaged. It is recommended to keep the plant in a bright area away from direct sunlight.

Not Enough Indirect Light

The coffee plant, while preferring indirect light, if kept under very dim conditions can lose its leaves.

The leaves can appear less vibrant before they fall. This is due to the nature of the plants. They is unable to produce enough food to sustain all of the leaves.

Solutions

The solution is as easy simply as moving the plant into an area with powerful indirect lightor enhancing the natural light source with artificial grow lighting.

You May Also Enjoy: Hydrangea Leaves Turning Yellow (8 Causes And How to Fix It)

Nutrient Mismanagement

The yellow coloration of the leaves can be seen on coffee plants that lack nutrition in soil.

The reason for the discoloration could be due to a deficiency of manganese and iron. Coffee plants can also shed their leaves if they are they are fed too much fertilizer.

A lot of fertilizer can cause the roots to burn, and cause damage to your plant. (Source: The Pennsylvania State University)

Solutions

All you need to do is purchase the right fertilizer from the nearest garden store and then mix it with the soil. It is possible to ask the staff in the store if you are not sure which fertilizer to choose and the strength required to create the dose.

If you are experiencing problems with excessive fertilizer The solution is to remove your plant from its pot, mix in the soil you have with a fresh potting mix and then plant it again. Be careful not to harm the roots in this process.

Pests

Two pests are important to be aware of when you are looking after your coffee plant. They are the scale insect and spider mites.

Scale insects are rarely an issue unless your plant is already weak due to inadequate temperatures in the environment.

It is identifiable by its scale-like appearance and the honeydew-like excretion that occurs on stems and leaves. (Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)

Spider mites are most likely to be an issue if your coffee plant is dry with a low humidity. They can be identified as insects by the yellow coloring of the leaves of your coffee plant and the dryness in the soil.

Solutions

It is possible to treat the scale insects by addressing other issues, such as too moist or dry conditions, and adjusting your temperature. It is also possible to make an aqueous mixture of alcohol, soap, and water that needs to be applied daily to the leaves until the issue is resolved.

Spider mites are simple to manage. They are extremely sensitive to moisture, so the best method is to rectify your plants ‘ dry conditions by giving them a good irrigation. It is also possible to trim infected branches to decrease pest populations and clean the rest of the leaves.

FAQs

Q: How Often Should You Water A Coffee Plant?

A: There isn’t a specific frequency for watering this plant. It is best to perform the test with your fingers. Coffee plants like to remain damp, but not completely damp. When you have watered your plants, let the soil’s top inch to dry before applying water again. To determine if the soil is dry, just apply your finger for about 1 inch deep into the soil. If it feels dry to point of contact, then water the plant.

Q: Why Are The Leaves on My Coffee Plant Turning Yellow?

A The following are the types of reasons that the leaves on your coffee plant could turn yellow. The reasons for this include and aren’t restricted to the following pests such as spider mites, a deficiency or nutrients within the soil insufficient sunlight, and a fungal disease which leaves spots.

Q: Why Are My Coffee Plant’s Leaves Curling?

A: There can be many reasons that cause the leaves of a coffee plant to curled. One of the causes could be excessive watering, a lack of sunlight, soil that is nutrient deficient and many more.

Stephanie

Stephanie

Went from a bad gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)