Does My Dracaena Marginata Need Fertilizer?

This article will explain the reasons to fertilize Dracaena marginata, the best timing to fertilize it, the correct method of fertilization, as well as the different kinds of fertilizers that can be used for the plant. I’ve also covered a number of commonly requested concerns (FAQs) to make sure you are clear about it.

Dracaena marginata requires fertilizer, particularly when it is grown in a pot indoors. As the plant develops rapidly, it will reduce the amount of nutrients available in the soil of the pot. When you fertilize the soil of your Dracaena marginata, you supply it with the essential nutrients to grow and stay healthy.

There was a point that the one I had named Dracaena marginatas was showing signs of yellowing and I was worried that it was dying.

After properly fertilizing it for a couple of weeks, the yellowing went away and the plant regained back to its green, healthy glow. Therefore, Dracaena marginata is a plant that requires fertilizers. In the following article I’ll go over everything you must be aware of when fertilizing it.

Dracaena Marginata 3 pots

Why Should You Fertilize Dracaena Marginata?

It is essential to fertilize Dracaena marginata in order to ensure it is growing correctly. The plant requires an amount of nutrients such as iron and magnesium to flourish and produce the maximum amount of leaves. If you don’t fertilize it and fertilizers, the rate of growth will decrease, as well as the foliage won’t look as appealing.

Dracaena marginata can begin to exhibit signs of nutritional deficiencies when they aren’t fertilized on a regular basis. The first indications of inadequate nutrition will be the yellowing of leaves and poor growth.

The problem can be corrected by applying fertilizer in accordance with the instructions on the packaging. Fertilizing is recommended each month in summer and spring when the plant is growing fast.

If you wish to see the Dracaena marginata to expand quickly it is possible to use an liquid fertilizer that has a the highest nitrogen content in the spring and summer.

The rest season, you can use an organic fertilizer with a slow release that does not contain nitrogen or phosphorus since this kind of fertilizer stimulates the growth of roots, not foliage.

When Should You Fertilize a Dracaena Marginata?

It is recommended to fertilize the Dracaena marginata whenever you notice that it is growing rapidly and is putting up new leaves. The plants require greater nutrients when they expand, and fertilizers can help to keep them healthy. It is also recommended to fertilize when you notice indications of malnutrition, such as yellow leaves.

The principle is to give your plant more nutrients whenever it requires these, whether it is to help its growth or when it displays indications of malnutrition.

So it is, if your plant appears healthy but isn’t sending new leaves, you do not need to fertilize it.

Keep in mind that the rate of growth for plants decreases during winter months. Therefore, it is best to put off fertilizing your Dracaena marginata in the autumn and winter months.

Dracaena marginata is best fertilized every two weeks throughout the summer and spring.

Different types of fertilizers for Dracaena marginata

Fertilizers can be used to provide nutrition to soils of the Dracaena marginalata. The plant requires very little fertilizer however, you can apply an diluted fertilizer every month throughout this growing period.

Although the plant isn’t identified as having particular nutrient requirements It does benefit from periodic fertilization.

Here’s a brief overview of the various types of fertilizers that are suitable for Dracaena marginata:

  • Organic fertilizers
  • Pellet/granular fertilizers
  • Chemical fertilizers

Let’s go through the different kinds of fertilizers available.

Organic Fertilizers

Organic fertilizers are made from natural elements such as manure, animal bones, urine, fish emulsion, earthworm castings, or seaweed.

They’re suitable for all kinds of plants since they release slowly into the soil to ensure that nutrients don’t get lost through runoff or leaching.

However, certain organic fertilizers could contain insects or diseases, as well as weed seeds that could cause harm to your plants. Follow the directions of the manufacturer when using organic fertilizers.

Pellet/Granular Fertilizer

The Dracaena marginata plants requires fertilization once per month in the spring and summer with the granular fertilizer. The pellets should be pushed into the soil close to the plant’s root or sprinkle them on the soil, then gently incorporate them with your hands.

Don’t let pellets be placed on the stem of the plant because they could cause burning. Do not place pellets directly over leaves or they could cause burn marks on the leaves.

Chemical Fertilizers

Chemical fertilizers are chemical compounds that have been created to help plants grow. They are made up of significant quantities of nitrogen vital for certain plants to thrive.

The main benefit of chemical fertilizers is their speed and efficiency since they yield quicker results and can be utilized for a variety of plants simultaneously. If the nitrogen supply is drained out, soils can be infertile for a period of time until it is replenished by more fertilizers.

How to properly fertilize the Dracaena marginata?

The application of fertilizer to your Dracaena marginata can keep it well-maintained, but you must to apply it correctly to get the best results.

This is a step-by-step instruction on how to fertilize the Dracaena marginata:

  1. The plant should be watered prior to applying fertilizer to ensure that the roots don’t get burned.
  2. Choose a liquid or water-soluble fertilizer that has all the important nutrients, including nitrogen, phosphorus, as well as potassium.
  3. Add 1 teaspoon fertilizer per one gallon of water, then mix it into the watering container.
  4. Applying fertilizer to the soil of the plant.
  5. Be sure to flush out any salt accumulation from the soil following fertilization.

If you’re using a potting mix that is soil-based the best option is to provide your plant with an liquid fertilizer every two weeks throughout the season of growth.

Alternately, you could apply a slow-release fertilizer every time you water your plants and, in this case, you will need to fertilize it less often.


What is the best fertilizer to use for Dracaena marginata?

The most effective fertilizers that work best for Dracaena marginata are water-soluble or liquid options like the Miracle-Gro All Purpose Food. Since it’s a plant that grows slowly it is recommended to apply the fertilizer once every two weeks, at half the strength.

It is also possible to consider the emulsion of fish as well as compost teaif you are looking for organic fertilizer options. They aren’t as dense as chemical fertilizers and require frequent application.

If you are looking for a quality fertilizer the first thing you should take note of is the number that are listed in the label of fertilizer.

These numbers show the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, as well as potassium are present in the fertilizer. Nitrogen is helpful in the growth of leaves and phosphorus helps with the growth of roots while potassium is a steward of the general health of the plant.

What Does the 3, 1, and 2 Refer to in a 312 Fertilizer?

If you wish to establish an enlightened Dracaena marginata, it is necessary to feed it frequently. A balanced fertilizer that has an NPK ratio of 3:1:2 is suggested.

The 3-1 and 2, in a 3:1:2 fertilizer proportion is the percentage in Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium (N-P-K) in the product. The numbers represent the weight-based ratio. The greater the number, the greater amount of nutrient in the food.

So when you’re given 100 grams (3.52 OZ) in fertilizer you will have 65.67g (2.31oz) of nitrogen, 17g (0.59oz) of phosphorus, as well as 34.33g (1.21oz) of potassium.

How Can I Save Dracaena marginata from over-fertilization?

The salts from the fertilizer to accumulate within the soil. This results in the leaf tips to end up dying.

To protect Dracaena marginata from being over-fertilized, remove fertilizers and flush out the salts from the soil by flushing them with water. To do this, put your Dracaena in the tub or sink and let water flow through it at a rate of one half gallon for every square inch. Repeat this process every week for up to three weeks.

The process of removing the soil of fertilizer salts lets you remove the salt buildup in the soil, and improve soil fertility.

To make sure you don’t accidentally over-fertilize your plants, reduce the fertilizer by 50 percent. Don’t feed Dracaena in winter when it is in the state of dormancy.

What homemade fertilizers can you Apply to Dracaena marginata?

Here are a few examples of fertilizers that you can apply to Dracaena marginata:

  1. Epsom salt fertilizer
  2. Eggshell liquid fertilizer

Here’s a brief overview of how to make the fertilizers you want to use:

Prepare a Homemade Epsom Salt Fertilizer

  1. Take one cup Epsom salts in one gallon container.
  2. Pour 3 cups of water into the container, then close the lid.
  3. Shake vigorously until all the salts dissolve in the solution.
  4. Make sure to pour as the solution as your plant can absorb close to its roots (be certain not to spill any solution on the leaves).

Prepare a Homemade Eggshell Liquid Fertilizer

  1. Gather 4 to five eggshells.
  2. Clean them thoroughly and place them in an container.
  3. Add 500ml of water to the container, then cover the container with a lid.
  4. Allow the mixture to sit for up to 5 days in an air-conditioned and dry area.


When fertilizing your plant There are a number of essential things to consider like knowing when your plant requires fertilizer, deciding on the best fertilizer, and the best way to fertilize your plant to prevent burning the roots.

In warm temperatures, one treatment every 2 weeks will suffice for the majority of Dracaena marginatas. In winter months, it is best to avoid applying fertilizer to the plant unless you notice indications of malnutrition.



Went from a bad gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)