In this article I’ll discuss the reasons why pothos require fertilizer and the best way you can fertilize plants of pothos. The pothos ( Epipremnum aureum) is a low-nutrient plant however, it requires small quantities of general-purpose fertilizer in order to ensure robust, healthy growth. Pothos Plants can thrive for long time without fertilizer, provided there is enough organic matter present in soil.
To grow plant to their maximum potential, they require applications in slow release dry fertilizer that releases slowly in the spring, or water-soluble fertilizer that is applied every 4 to 6 weeks.
Pothos is most likely to be the most commonly grown home plant around the globe. The evergreen tropical vine is very easy to cultivate.
Pothos plants can withstand the most severe neglect and require only tiny amounts of fertilizer periodically.
Although the pothos plant are easy to maintain They thrive when they are grown in the right conditions.
Pothos plants are not very nutrient-rich. requirements, however they require occasional fertilizer to ensure that they grow properly and appear their best.
According to my experiences, pothos plants are able to flourish for a whole year or more, without needing to be fertilized if the soil has sufficient amounts of organic matter, such as compost.
However, plants eventually require fertilizer to replenish the soil mix with nutrients. Let’s examine the motives why plants in the pothos require fertilizer.
Benefits Of Fertilizing Pothos
The right fertilizer application can provide many benefits to pothos plants. Fertilizers supply the essential nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorous as well as potassium) which pothos plants require for photosynthesis as well as to keep growing new stems, roots, as well as lush, green leaves.
Pothos plants are also benefited by getting fertilized by secondary nutrients as well as trace minerals that aid in their overall health and immunity to diseases and pests.
The advantages of fertilizing pothos plants result in the healthy and beautiful appearance of the plants.
Most Important Nutrients For Pothos – Pothos Fertilizer Ratio
Pothos plants do not have any specific nutritional requirements, but they require small quantities of the essential primary, secondary, and trace nutrients in a balanced and balanced proportion.
Which Nutrients Do Pothos Plants Need?
The most vital minerals nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium are essential for the growth of healthy pothos plants.
Pothos plants require nitrogen because it is essential to plants as it allows the plant to produce chlorophyll that is needed for photosynthesis. Pothos plants also require nitrogen in order to develop new stems, roots, and leaves.
Pothos plants require fertilizers that contain the mineral phosphorous. Pothos plants utilize phosphorous for vital functions such as photosynthesis, transporting nutrients as well as the development of shoots and roots.
Potassium is also essential for pothos plants. This nutrient is the primary ingredient that allows pothos plants to construct strong cell walls that result in stronger stems and a greater resistance to diseases and pests. Potassium is also a key part in the transport of water and nutrients.
Alongside the principal nutrients, plants of the pothos require sufficient quantities of the important secondary nutrients calcium, magnesium, and sulfur.
To ensure their health, vigor and appearance Pothos plants also require 13 trace minerals, or elements such as molybdenum, silicon, manganese, and the element boron.
Fertilizer Nutrient Ratios For Pothos Plants
Pothos plants are the most benefit from the small amount of complete fertilizers which include all the essential plant nutrients in a proportional manner.
The fertilizer must be primarily comprised from primary elements. It must also include small quantities of secondary nutrients as well as tiny amounts of 13 trace minerals that are essential to the process.
The fertilizer will have slightly higher proportions of potassium to nitrogen and the phosphorous.
How To Fertilize Pothos: A Step-By-Step Guide
The process of fertilizing pothos is simple however there are some rules and methods to maximize your benefits from fertilizer application. This is a step-by-step guide for fertilizing pothos plants efficiently.
Step 1: Considerations And Preparations Before Applying Fertilizer To Pothos
The process of fertilizing pothos plants successfully starts before applying the fertilizer. First, determine whether your plants require fertilizer or not.
The factors to take into consideration are the growth and health of the plant as well as the dimensions of their containers and the date when the fertilizer was last applied.
If the pothos plants appear fragile and unhealthy, and show indications of nutritional deficiencies They require fertilizer. The size of the container is another important aspect to take into consideration. Smaller containers require smaller amounts of fertilizer that are applied more often than larger containers.
When applying fertiliser to plants in pothos, it is also important to know the length of time between when the fertilizer was last applied. If your plants haven’t been receiving fertilizer in the last few months, and are gaining a slow growth rate with discolored or yellow leaves They may require fertilizer.
It is not necessary fertilizer pothos plants when they’re healthy and are growing in large pots with sufficient quantities of organic material. In such cases it could be beneficial to wait for a couple of weeks before re-evaluating whether you should apply fertilizer or not.
If you’ve concluded that your pothos plants require fertilizer, the last thing to consider is how the soil is moist. The soil must be moist, but not wet.
Applying fertilizer to soil that is dry could cause burns to the roots of the pothos plants , while applying fertilizer to excessively wet soil can result in waterlogged and anaerobic conditions.
Step 2: Select And Prepare Your Fertilizer
Select fertilizers that contain the complete range of plant nutrients in a balanced proportion. The majority of general-purpose fertilizers designed suitable for indoor plants are appropriate to pothos-loving plants.
Make sure to check the recommended rates for application carefully prior to mixing and applying the fertilizer to plants if you’re using liquid fertilizer to provide pothos plants with fertilizer.
It is highly recommended to mix the fertilizer into water in a half-way ratio to the rate of application recommended since pothos plants do not require a lot of nutrients. Similar principles apply to slow-release, dry fertilizers.
Step 3: Applying Fertilizer To Pothos
We are now on the exciting part.
If you are using dry fertilizers, apply a thin layer of it and gently mix it in the upper layer the soil. Make sure to thoroughly water the dry fertilizer. The watering process will help draw the fertilizer to the roots , while helping it break down and release its fertilizers to plants.
If you’re applying liquid fertilizers to pothos plants apply the fertilizers at the recommended half-strength level. The fertilizers are applied through spraying the soil and leaves (or only on the ground).
Pothos plants can also be fertilized by spraying the foliage using spray bottles.
Foliar sprays are best applied at times when the humidity is low. Also, there should be sufficient quantities of air moving through the plants.
Do not apply liquid fertilizers to the foliage of pothos in areas with low air circulation, since this increases the chance of developing fungal diseases.
Step 4: Observe Results And Respond Accordingly
After fertilizing the pothos plants, look at the plants for outcomes.
Liquid fertilizers will show visible results in a matter of days. If you use dry fertilizers it is recommended to wait for at least two or three weeks to determine whether the fertilizer is producing the results you want.
In the event that fertilizer applications went well the pothos plants will display better appearance, with visible more green and shiny leaves.
The plants that are pothos will develop faster and will produce more dense foliage. If you notice these positive outcomes, there is no reason to take any further action until the next fertilizer application.
If the leaves of pothos become discolored and show brown spots, it suggests that the plant is suffering from nutritional burn due to it was fertiliser that is too powerful.
Give the plants only pure water until they are able to recover and then apply the fertilizer at a rate of 50 percent or less of the amount applied previously.
If you do not notice any changes in the pothos plant following fertilization, it could be an indication it was too low. It is recommended to keep waiting for a week. If there are no visible changes, apply the fertilizer in a slightly greater concentration.
If you aren’t seeing positive results after cutting down or increasing the fertilizer dosage, the reason for the issue could be due to:
- the content of fertilizers or their the quality of the fertilizer,
- the soil mix contained in the container,
- the changing environment,
- improper methods of watering.
Most of the time, if you adhere to the fundamental principles and methods described above, you’ll be able to fertilize your plants effectively.
Types Of Fertilizers For Pothos Plants
The Pothos plant can be fed by many different fertilizers, as long as they contain the right types of nutrients in the appropriate quantities.
Pothos plants can be fertilized through top-dressing them with dry, slow-release fertilizers, or by applying applications of water-soluble fertilizers that are fast-acting.
Best Fertilizer For Pothos
General-purpose liquid fertilizers that are suitable for indoor plants typically have the right proportions of nutrients to satisfy the nutritional requirements for pothos plant.
They also offer the benefit of giving nutrients immediate access to the plants. However, the disadvantage is that they must be used more frequently than dry fertilizers.
Dry fertilizers are more difficult in application than liquid fertilizers, however they are more effective in slow release of nutrients, meaning there’s a low chance that plants could be burned.
This is beneficial since pothos plants are tolerant to excess nutrients. Dry fertilizers are also beneficial since they need to be applied only once or twice per year.
The highest quality compost, earthworm castings and granulated fertilizers are among the top fertilisers that are dry available for pothos plants.
They release nutrients to the pothos plant in small amounts for a prolonged period. Casts and compost also have balanced and complete nutritional profiles as well as diverse populations of soil microbes that are beneficial to the environment.
Homemade Fertilizer For Pothos
There are many homemade fertilizers that you can apply on pothos plant. The majority of these fertilizers made from scratch are simple and quick to make and are just as effective as fertilizers purchased from stores.
Making a homemade fertilizer for pothos plants is contingent on the local climate and the resources that are available at the moment. There are a myriad of. The most commonly recommended home-made fertilizers to pothos plants are:
- Coffee grounds,
- Epsom salts,
- Banana peel mixed with water.
These simple homemade fertilizers provide valuable nutrition to pothos plants. But, they come with limited nutritional profiles. My opinion is that the most effective homemade fertilizers are:
- Earthworm castings,
- Plant juice fermented.
Compost castings, compost, and fermented plant juices contain balanced and complete nutrients. They also contain growth hormones for plants as well as enzymes and beneficial microbes.
Worm castings and compost make excellent dry fertilizers that slow release. Worm casting tea as well as fermented plant juices can be used as liquid fertilizers for quicker results.
Fermented juice from plants is among my most favorite fertilizers that are water-soluble for pothos plants. When you apply fermented plant juice as a spray for the foliar, pothos plants respond in a flash.
The fertilizer is created by mixing sugar and the growth strategies of plants that are fast growing (see this video for more details on how to make fermented juice from plants).
The mixture of plant material and sugar creates an oil that is high in plant nutrients essential to the body growth hormones, nutrient-rich compounds, as well as beneficial microorganisms. The liquid extracted is sprayed to the skin with water in a 1-500 and 1-1000 proportion.
It is recommended to add a similar quantity of apple cider vinegar and brown rice vinegar in the mixture. Although vinegar is acidic, it has a buffering pH effect that helps balance its low pH the fermented plant juice.
When To Fertilize Pothos – Best Time To Fertilize Pothos Plants
Pothos should be fertilized prior to exhausting the nutrients present in their media and begin to show indicators of deficiency in nutrients.
Pothos plants, however, are so low in nutrient requirements that it could take one or two years before they require fertilizer application.
In climates with temperate temperatures the ideal timing to fertilize pothos is in the growth season, which runs from the beginning of spring until the end of the summer season. The plants are most likely to benefit from fertilizer application in spring and summer due to the higher temperatures and more sunlight levels trigger the plants to grow a lot in new growth.
It is not recommended fertilizing pothos plant during winter since they are in a dormant state and don’t require any additional nutrients. Fertilizing pothos plants during winter is an inefficient use of fertilizer.
It may even be harmful to plants as they are unable to metabolize the nutrients in a proper way.
How Often To Fertilize Pothos
Pothos plants do not require fertilizer as frequently as other common houseplants. It’s always more secure and advantageous for pothos to be fertilized less frequently instead of too often.
Slow-release, dry fertilizers such as compost and general-purpose granulated should apply to plants with pothos only once in the spring. It will usually provide enough nutrients that will sustain plants through the entire season of growth.
Liquid fertilizers should be applied more frequently on pothos than the dry ones. The recommended frequency of application is based on the amount of nutrients and proportion of fertilizer as well as the size and age of the plant.
In general, it is recommended applying liquid fertilizers approximately every month throughout the season of growth. Another method that works is to apply liquid fertilizer in smaller amounts each time you water your pothos plants in the growing season.
The most important thing to remember is that pothos plants have very low nutritional requirements, which means they don’t require frequent fertilizer applications. It is possible to not fertilize the plant for a couple of years without creating nutrient deficiencies and the plant would likely grow well.
Frequently Asked Questions About Growing Pothos Plants
You now have a good knowledge of the reasons and methods you can fertilize your pothos plant, here are the solutions to the most frequently asked questions regarding the cultivation of these beautiful exotic vines.
How To Grow Larger Leaves On Pothos Plants?
Pothos plants can get extremely large, ranging between 10 and 40 feet long , and up to 6 feet wide. The application of fertilizers will help pothos plants to develop larger leaves. The more light pothos plants get will encourage the growth of leaves that are larger.
How To Get More Variegation In Pothos Leaves?
The possibility exists to encourage greater color variation on the leaves of pothos by increasing the amount and duration of light the plants get. The increased light intensity will result in striking leaf color variation.
The less light you get will cause pothos plants to have very little or no variation in their leaves.
Are Pothos Plants Toxic?
The stems and leaves of pothos plants are enriched with calcium oxalate. It is mildly poisonous if eaten by mammals and humans.
Calcium oxalate may cause skin irritation when it is touched. But, calcium oxalate is not found on the exterior surfaces of pothos leaves and stems, which means it is possible to handle the plant in a safe manner without risk of getting into contact with this organic compound.
Do Pothos Plants Clean The Air?
Pothos plants cleanse the air of a variety of common chemicals which pose a risk to human health and other living creatures.
Researchers from the scientific community have demonstrated that pothos plants are able to dramatically reduce the amount of harmful chemicals present in the air in just a few hours.
Pothos plants eliminate harmful chemicals that are ubiquitous in the majority of urban indoor spaces, such as:
These chemicals can be extremely hazardous, and it is worthwhile to plant pothos plants to get rid of air pollution advantages as well as their aesthetics and ease of maintenance.
Do Pothos Plants Get Root Rot?
Pothos generally do not have issues with disease. However, they are susceptible to fungal infections if they are grown in poor conditions or are stressed and unhealthy.
Stressed, unhealthy pothos plants are also susceptible to fungal diseases such as root rot. Phytophthora root rot, also known as root rot, is the most frequent kind of root rot that can affect pothos plants.
The disease is brought to plants by the water mold. It is typically caused by high humidity, soil moisture, and a lack of air circulation. The soil is also prone to high levels of humidity.
The signs of root rot are the appearance of drooping leaves and the discoloration of leaves that is black or brown. This issue can be resolved by allowing the soil to dry out and by exposing the plant to sufficient airflow.
Fungicide is a good option for pothos plants with root rot disease. But, it is not advised as the plants are susceptible to the ethylene that is present in many fungicides sold at the store. products.