Why Are My Dracaena Leaves Falling Off?

Everyone is a fan of dracaena due to its stunning appearance and delicious scent. But, your dracaena could be damaged because of care errors.

If you’re concerned about the reason the leaves of your dracaena are fall off? No worries! In this post I’ll discuss the root of the issue and the best way to bring back your lovely plant.

The most frequent cause for Dracaena Leaves falling off is drowning or overwatering. Additionally, excessive fertiliser application, stress, or cold draft may be the cause of this issue. Pest infestation and disease frequently cause the loss of dracaena leaves. The issue must be dealt with as soon as is possible.

You might have heard that dracaena is tough and resistant to a variety of conditions in the environment. However it could be due to errors in care, your dracaena leaves are fall off.


The lifespan of leaves from dracaena is two years. This is why it is normal to see dracaena leaves fall off on their own. However, the huge loss could lead to end of the plant.

Causes of Dracaena Leaves Falling off

  • Lack of or excessive irrigation: A lack of water will result in drying out of the soil. As a result, the leaves will start drying out and you will not resist the urge to shed them. The excessive moisture in the substrate can also affect the plant. The trunk gets soft because of the high amount of water. The leaves then begin to lose their color and eventually fall off.
  • Incorrect Misting of Plant Leaves If you don’t follow the correct procedure, it could cause harm to your dracaena’s leaves. Make sure to mist your plant every early morning. If the mist does not dry by night, it could cause the leaves to degrade. Dracaena begins to shed some of the foliage.
  • Fertilizer Application: If leaves fall off in the dracaena, it indicates that you did not carry the application correctly. You must adhere to all requirements regarding the preparation of fertilizers and the application procedure.
  • Roots are damaged when transplanting: You need to transfer Dracaena into an additional pot every time it gets bigger. In this process the root system could be damaged. In response to an emotional stressor, the leaves of the dracaena may be blown off.
  • Inappropriate microclimatic conditions: Microclimatic conditions refer to the indoor growth conditions for your Dracaena. There are many causes conditions: excess or lack of sunlight, drafts, insufficient temperature, and high humidity.
  • Infestation and disease Untidy care leaves the plant susceptible to diseases and insects.
  • Adjustment to new conditions following purchase: Young dracaenas can be extremely sensitive to their surrounding surroundings. It can take a while for them to adjust to indoor environment. Because of this it is possible that the leaves of your dracaena falling off.


Dracaena is not tolerant of sunlight or draft. Both of these causes result in the leaf blade becoming dry out at the edges, turn yellow and then fall.

How to Save Your Dracaena

If you are able to ensure appropriate conditions for growth, you will be able to avoid the growth of diseases and fallen leaves. The plant will be able to build an immune system that is strong and will be able to fight off the disease.

Additionally, you must apply fertilizers that have phosphorus and potassium at times. But, it won’t be possible for you to shield your plant from infections.

The signs of the disease on leaves. In the beginning, the blade’s color changes, the leaf’s rigidity decreases spots develop and the tips begin to dry and they then disappear.

Insects Attack and Solutions

If your dracaena leaves are falling off and you wish stop the process. However, before you decide the best course of action, it is important to determine the reason behind it.

Most of the time, these situations arise due to adverse effects on plants due to insect damage.

Lesions, spider webs and leaves with spots are the most common signs of an invasion. If your plant begins drying out how do you do and how do you combat the insects? Let’s discover.

Scale Insect: This insect measures approximately 3-4 millimeters in size It is almost motionless and is protected by a dark gray wax shell. They drink the juices of the stems and leaves. In the end, the leaves of your dracaena become dry and drop off.

Solution Neem oil is efficient in getting rid of scale insects. Make use of an old brush or a cotton swab that has been dipped in Isopropyl alcohol to get rid of the insects from the dracaena.

Thrips The insect rests at the leaf’s bottom. They stay in the cluster. The leaves of your dracaena will become dry and silvery. There will be scratches and spots on the stems as well as the leaves.

Pruning is the most effective method to eliminate Thrips. Pruning the affected stem and leaves to eliminate the thrips at an early stage. Additionally, since the insect’s skin is soft, you can manage it using insecticidal soap or oil.

person standing behind dracaena

Spider mite Spider mite: A tiny, tiny insect that is hard to detect. It is found at the lower part on the blade of the leaves. It is easy to determine their presence through the look of cobwebs as well as white plaque. They are caused by insufficient irrigation as well as dry, un-humid air. In the end, the leaves begin to turn yellow, and later dry.

Solution: You might be surprised to learn that spider mites quickly become resistant to insecticides that are commonly used. Therefore, you should choose biological methods of control. I have observed the use of neem oil as a great option. It is also possible to look into miticides that are available in the market.

Mealybugs: They sucking the juice of the plant, which stops the growth and development that your plants are experiencing. If they are attacked, you will see the white waxy coating on stems and leaves.

Solution Solution: Spray your dracaena plants with soap or detergent. Also, Neem mixed with detergent water will give the most effective results. The detergent water breaks its skin, killing the insects.


It is often difficult to spot insects because they are hidden within the axils of leaves. If even a few indications are evident, be sure to examine your Dracaena.

Diseases and Treatments

  • Heterosporous: The two sides of the leaves start to turn yellow. Then, it becomes covered in spots and then dries. If the plant is not treated, it could die. To save the plant it, you must react promptly. In this instance copper-based fungicides may help.
  • Phyllosticta leaves spot Spots of brown with irregular shapes appear on a yellow or green border around the lower leaves. The spots may be big in dimensions. In the end, leaves can be able to fall off.
  • Bacteriosis: The leaves near the tips begin to rot. The leaves shed massively. You can see lesions developing on stems. The high humidity and the temperatures within the room are the primary causes of this disease. There is no cure for this condition, therefore you must eliminate it in order to preserve the other plants that are in your home.
  • Alternariosis: Fungal illness The symptoms of this disease are brown spots. As time passes, if no treatment is given they will begin to turn black. Spraying fungicide 3 times per month. This can help to fight and stop the spread of the spread of the disease.

You might ask why dracaena sheds its leaves after becoming sick? It is a natural reaction to an attack by a pathogen. The organism is trying to defend the other organs.

Proper Soil Moisture

Dracaena loves moderately moist soil. But don’t overwater it. In excess moisture, the root and stem turn brown. In the end, the leaves of your dracaena will drop off.

In the summer, it is recommended to give the plant a watering every two days. It is important to examine the soil in the container.

If the soil in your potting area has started to dry, it means that you have to water it immediately. It is sufficient to pour 170-200 milliliters of water that has settled at the temperature of room.


The summer is a time of high humidity months, it is recommended to be sure to check your soil each day to ensure that it doesn’t dry out.

Also spray the leaves and stems using the sprayer. In winter, you should water the plant each day for four consecutive days.

If dracaena starts in fading, then what should you do during this period? You must examine the soil thoroughly. It is only the best way to determine whether the plant requires water or not.


When the Dracaena plant is situated on a window sill , above the radiator, it is necessary to water the soil more often.

Air Temperature

If you are unable to provide the microclimate conditions necessary for dracaena, the leaves start falling off of the plants. What should you do in these situations?

In the your home, the temperature range is crucial for plants. In summer, for optimum development and growth it is essential to stick to the marking on the thermometer in the range of 24-32 degCor 75.2-89.6degF.

In winter it is important to avoid temperatures to drop below 17 degrees Celsiusor 60.8degF. Below that temperature the dracaena’s appearance will diminish. its appeal.

Anything below 12 degC/53.6degF is considered to be the death knell for the dracaena. At this temperature the plant will shed away all its leaves, and then it will start to slow down its death.

Root decay

The reasons why Dracaena leaves drop are numerous. The most common is root rot. In excess watering, particularly during the dormant time (in winter) could be fatal for your dracaena.


In the event that soil is not dried to a depth of 2 centimeters, then watering is not required.

The degeneration in the roots can lead to disruptions in the transportation of nutrients and water to the other organs. In this case, dracaena gets rid of old leaves. Then, the young leaves fall off.

You might also like: How to Save Areca Palm from Root Rot (Step by Step)

Other Possible Problems of Dracaena

In addition to the mentioned, there are additional reasons for dracaena leaves to are prone to falling off and dying quickly (if actions are not implemented promptly).

They include:

Transplanting shock occurs when your root structure is actively expanding, at the same that the plant is growing in size. This means that it requires a bigger pot.

It is important to do the transplant with care in order to avoid end up damaging the stem or root. The strain flowers experience when they are adjusting to a new location could cause it to drop leaves.

Direct sunlight: You have to select a location within the home in which the pot of the dracaena plant will be. The plant is not tolerant of direct sunlight.

Due to direct sunlight, it starts to dry out, the leaves turn yellow , and disappear. In some cases, the stem can dry out. The leaves fall and eventually the plant ceases to exist.

The cold draft of Dracaena do dislike cold breezes. Therefore, the windowsill isn’t the ideal spot for the plant of dracaena.

First of all, in these places temperatures fluctuate due to the radiator. Additionally, the constant flow of air through an open window isn’t an ideal situation for plants that are delicate.

Fertilizers: Insufficient or excessive amounts of fertilization causes the fact that leaves start to yellow and disappear. It is essential to apply fertilisers that are mixed.

In the time of active growth (June-August) it is recommended to apply fertilizer twice a month. If you don’t apply fertilizer, your leaves begin to show signs of a lack of nutrients.


The excess fertilizer may also cause negative effects. In this instance the roots begin to decay and the leaves begin to fall off.

It is crucial to know what to do when Dracaena leaves begin to begin to fall. It is essential to make certain steps in the earliest time possible, to determine the cause and the treatment for the flower.

In the event that it is not the palm tree could remove the leaves one at a time and, if stressed, may end up dying. When the palm tree is afflicted by pests, an insecticide solution made in accordance with the directions on the label is applied to fight these pests.

In addition experts suggest changing the pot’s conditions following processing, as often they can cause issues. (Source: University of Florida)


Dracaena is a simple plant to grow in your own home. If you give it the utmost care it will thrive. If you don’t act when you notice that it’s affected by insects, disease or other errors, it could be difficult to recover.

In these situations it is essential to determine the cause which caused the issue and then work immediately to resolve the issue. Only prompt and correct actions can help your plant to survive and extend its lifespan.



Went from a bad gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)