Last Updated on November 15, 2022 by Stephanie
The polka-dot plants thrive when it is potted in well-drained, moderately humid soil. If you allow the soil to dry out too long the plant will struggle and the leaves will begin to wilt. excessive watering can lead to root decay. How often do you need to keep your plant hydrated?
As a general guideline, you should water your polka dot plants after the top quarter-inch to half-inch of soil is dried out. Dont let the soil become too dry or wet completely. It is important to consider the plants size, the season temperatures, humidity, and temperature and also.
As you might already know that polka-dot plant species prefer soil to be uniformly and regularly humid. However, they do not want to be waterlogged. Your plant is susceptible to fungal or bacterial illnesses if your soil is too wet.
Even more disturbing, the leaves may develop brown tips on the leaf then wilt and eventually disappear if you regularly submerge your plant.
However, watering your polka-dot plants isnt easy to learn. However, dont worry. Ill walk you through everything you have to know to do to keep your freckles well-hydrated and content, including the rules, factors and the steps you need to follow to water your polka-dot plants.
Ill also teach you how to spot the warning indicators of an underwater or overwatering.
Table of Contents
Factors That Impact Watering Frequency of Polka Dot Plant
Like most annuals, the growth of a polka-dot plants slows nearly to a standstill in colder temperatures. The plants polka dots should get back to normal growth after it warms up. Therefore, you need to adjust your watering schedule in accordance with the season.
- In the summer the polka will flower and then grow. The combination of hot and sunny weather means that the soil will quickly dry out. Therefore, it is important to be sure to water frequently so that your soil remains damp. To prevent root rot, ensure that your soils top 14 inch is dried before the next watering.
- In winter, the polka-dot plant tend to go dormant or develop slow. Therefore, it is recommended to reduce the amount of water you give them on hand. Be sure to monitor soil moisture each for a week or so. Make sure that the top half inch of soil is dried before watering it once more.
- In the spring, you must begin to resump your regular watering schedule. At this time of the year, your polka-dot flower may begin to sprout buds and eventually flower. However, ensure that the top 1/4-1/2 inches of the soil are fairly dry prior to watering once more.
- When they flower, polka-dots consume the most water. Therefore, it is important to increase the amount of water you use to ensure that you are keeping up. Examine the foliage for indications of yellowing, wilting, or spots of brown. Polka-dots usually bloom in the summer or late spring So, it is important to water them more frequently.
The humidity isnt only a factor in the speed at which soil can dry out. It also affects the speed that your plant is losing water through transpiration. The polka-dot plants prefer humid, warm conditions however this can differ based on the type of plant.
Your home might have less humidity during winter, when temperatures are cold and crisp. In this case it is recommended to increase the frequency of your watering to compensate the loss of moisture.
When your plants are located close to a bathroom, humidifier or any other source of humidity, it will be fine with regular irrigation. It is recommended to keep a relative humidity of approximately 50% to get the best results, though.
Size of the Plant
Its no surprise to consider that size and shape of the polka-dot plants can affect the frequency of watering. The bigger your plant is, the more water it requires. The more often you have to keep it hydrated.
Larger plants require more water to photosynthesis and for respiration. Also, they lose water by transpiration. Remember that certain young plants develop faster and require water in the growing stage.
Polka-dots are most happy when they are parked in indirect, bright sunlight. They like warmer temperatures, which is ideal. They prefer from 70degF (21degC) to 80degF (27degC). It is possible to have night temperatures 5 degrees (-15degC) lower than the daytime temperature.
However the polkas soil loses more water when its hot. The soil also gets dry more quickly in hot weather. Its normal to must increase the frequency of watering accordingly.
In cooler temperatures, polka-dots tend to be inactive and take in less water. So, it is recommended to reduce the amount of water you use to avoid waterlogging.
Location of the Plant
If you have plants that are indoor, you might need to water it more often than plants that are planted in the ground. The plants that are outdoors usually receive rain and benefit from the right moisture sources, such as dew.
When your facility is situated in an area where air is constantly moving, like near an air vent the plant will lose more water through transpiration and evaporation. This will increase the amount of water required by your plant.
The location of the plant can also influence the amount of light, temperature as well as humidity and other factors in the body which affect the frequency of watering. For example plants that are shaded requires more frequent irrigation than one partially exposed to direct sunlight.
Type of Pot
There are three pots you can choose from for your polka-dot plants such as ceramic, plastic or Terracotta pot. Certain types of pots lose more water than others, requiring more irrigation.
- Terracotta pots are great for plants with polka dots due to their ability to increase soil aeration, terracotta containers lose water faster due to convection. In most cases, youll need to water them every 5-10 days.
- Plastic pots: They hold the soils moisture longer than Terracotta pots. It is not recommended to water polka-dot planters in pots made of plastic for too long since theyll become wet.
- Ceramic pots: The pot kind provides the best of two worlds. But, you need to check your soils moisture levels to decide when its time to water it again.
Size of Pot
After youve picked the best type of pot Dont forget that the dimensions are also important. Plants that are larger than those potted in smaller pots will require more frequent irrigation. If the pot isnt big enough the water will evaporate faster and also.
Its the same for reverse. If the pot is big for your polka-dot plants it is best to be gentle with the pot. If you overwater the soil will get saturated and wet, creating which is the ideal conditions for root decay.
Type of Potting Mix
Ideally, a polka-dot ought to be placed in a well-drained, aerated mix. However, it is able to tolerate an array of soil kinds. Large quantities of compacted small organic matter can hold water for longerand require less frequent irrigation.
A well-drained potting mix that contains perlite, vermiculite, or sand tends to lose moisture more quickly. Therefore, it is recommended to watered when the top half inch of soil is dried out.
How Do You Know If Your Polka Dot Plant Needs Watering?
Like most plants, a polka dot plant is likely to show warning signs of distress when it requires watering. It is possible to recognize the most of these signs by observing the plant. Or perhaps you can use a simple test.
1- Check Moisture Level Using A Stick or Finger Test
There is no need to pay any money to conduct this easy test. Just poke your finger or a measuring sticks into soil.
- In the event that only about a quarter of soil is still damp then wait one or two days and then check it again
- If the top 1/4 to 1/2 inch of the soil is dry its a good sign your plant is in need of water
Make sure your soil does not stay wet and sloppy for a long time.
2- Check Potting Soil Color
In addition to measuring the dryness of soil it is also possible to check the color of your soil. I have noticed that soil that is moist appears more dark in comparison to dry soil. If the soil appears grayish Its likely its dried enough to require watering.
Like many gardeners who are savvy I dont trust this method alone. I typically perform a finger or stick check to verify my first observations.
3- Inspect the Plant for Wilting or Drooping Leaves
Ive observed that polka-dots in water remain lush for a time. But, if you notice signs of signs of dying or falling leaves it is recommended to be sure to water them right away.
Be aware that the appearance of drooping, curling, or dying foliage is an indication of severe dehydration. Therefore, it is best not to wait for it to happen.
4- Brown Leaf Tips
Its not a good sign that leaves appear dry, dead, and brown at the edges or tips. Its usually a sign that you must take care to water your plants as its suffering from severe dehydration.
It is important to be aware that the brown tips of leaves in polka-dot plant can be the result of a range of other causes. Insufficient humidity, excessive watering sunburn, edema, as well as salt accumulation are also possible causes to check out.
5- Leaves Wrinkling
The process of wrinkling leaves usually occurs along with curling, wilting and falling off. Similar to other drought-resistant plants the polka-dot plant wrinkled its leaves as a way to guard themselves against dehydration.
6- Are Leaves Turning Brown or Yellow?
The leaves of your polka-dot plant may change color from either overwatering or underwatering. It is essential to ensure that your plant is properly watered and in a timely manner. If you dont, your leaves will begin to dry and, eventually the entire plant will die.
7- Leaves Drying Out and Falling Off
If this happens there is a small chance of saving your beloved pollka. This indicates that your plant is in dire need to be watered. You might have noticed leaves turning yellow, wilting or becoming brown before they get dry and then fall over.
Place your plant in an area shaded and then ensure that it is well-watered. Keep it there until the leaves turn bright and then return to their freckled colors.
8- Measure the Weight of The Pot
For this method to be used it is necessary to be aware of the weight that is typical of the pot. Potted plants typically weigh more when they are surrounded by sufficient moisture. If the drop in weight is significant, ensure that you water the polka as soon as you notice it.
9- Use Moisture Meter
It is recommended to use an instrument to measure the moisture level in the event that your plant is sensitive to water requirements. It is possible to obtain a more precise measurement of the soils water content. To maximize the value of your money, purchase a multi-purpose garden gauge.
If you see a reading that is 3 or below on a scale of 1-10 will indicate that your plant is in need of water.
Signs of Overwatered Polka-Dot Plant
- If your polka-dot suffers from excessive watering, the leaves are likely to change color, either yellow or brown.
- Leaves appear limp, droopy or turning brown because the roots arent functioning properly.
- Soil that is soaked with water - if it appears wet and spongy it is time to ease down on the can.
- The plant is losing old and new leaves.
- There are indications of root rot that is an endocrine infection that is a result of waterlogging.
- The bottom of your polka-dot plant can become weak, mushy or emits a foul smell due to excessive watering.
- The leaves of your plant may be spotted with watery brown spots, with yellow halos. These are signs that indicate bacteria-related diseases.
- It is possible to notice pressure building up
How to Water Polka Dot Plant
Your polka-plant likes consistent moisture. This is why you need to choose the best method of watering for your particular situation.
1. Watering from above
- Avoid excessive watering. The splashes on your polka leaves can lead to fungal or bacterial diseases.
- Make sure you purchase a watering can that wont cause dampness on your leaves.
- Make sure to water thoroughly after the top half inch of the soil is dry a bit. It is important to continue earning early morning or late evening watering. The water should be drained until it drains from the bottom.
- Get rid of any excess water at the bottom after 10 minutes.
2. Watering from below
It will soon be apparent that watering your polka-dot plants from the bottom will yield the most effective results. This is why you must purchase a strong saucer that has pebbles.
- Start by filling the saucer up with freshly distilled, fresh, or filtered water.
- Sprinkle some pebbles that are clean to avoid soggyness.
- Place the pot on the top of the tray or saucer.
- Make sure the soil is evenly moist, then drain the any excess water.
3- Self-Watering Pots
If youre in search of an easy-to-use and convenient watering method then look no further than self-watering pots. You wont have to lose sleep over overwatering/underwatering. Simply refill the reservoir when necessary and the self-watering container does all the heavy lifting for you.
Golden Rules of Watering
1- Keep the Soil Evenly Moist
If the soil isnt evenly moist, it will result in water-logged areas which will promote root decay.
2- Dry Out Between Watering
Check that the top quarter-inch-to-half-inch of soil is dried out prior to watering your polka-dot plants again. However, the soil must be completely dry.
3- Water Early Morning or Water Late Evening
If you water in the early in the morning or later in the evening spills or splashes onto the foliage will be given ample time to dry prior to the temperature rising in the middle of the day.
4- Do Not Wet the Leaves
The majority of fungal and bacterial diseases that can affect the polka are able to thrive under humid and hot conditions. It is important to keep your polka as dry as you can to prevent the growth of these microbes.
5- Ensure Water Reaches the Roots
It is essential to water the soil well until all the moisture flows out of the drainage holes in the bottom. This will ensure that the roots take in enough moisture before soil starts drying out.
6- Avoid Waterlogging
The soil that is soaked with water is your polka-dot plants biggest adversary. It blocks root systems from breathing which means they cant absorb nutrients or effectively.
7- Use Well Drainage Capacity Soil
Polka-dot plants thrive in soil that is well-drained. This means that the potting mix is well-aerated and will not become wet from the watering. This doubles as a benefit and prevents root rot, and also ensures the proper absorption.
You May Also Enjoy: How to Fix a Leggy Polka Dot Plant
Watering Polka Dot Plants After Repotting
It is possible to plant your polka-dot flower at least every two years or so. In this way, you will be able to revive and rejuvenate your beloved plant using a new, more fertilized pot mix.
It is also possible to repotte your polka earlier due to serious issues. This includes extreme salt accumulation and chemical toxicity, severe waterlogging, overfertilization and more.
The most important thing you dont want to do with your newly repotted polka-dot plants is to drown it. In fact, it is the most common reason for their demise. This is particularly true when the repotted plant is able to establish its roots. It is best to stay on the dry side of things.
Here are some steps you must take to ensure that you properly water your polka dot plants after the repotting process:
- It is essential to ensure that the new pot is properly drained It should have holes in the bottom that are to drain excess water and enhancing the aeration. It is essential to moisten the potting mix prior to making the change to a new pot.
- Make sure you have a tray or a saucer: If youre planning on watering at the base, then you need to have a saucer that is packed with pebbles.
- Make sure that the water is evenly moist: Water till the new mix of potting is uniformly damp. This will ensure a uniform development of the root.
- Examine the soil every day for indications of dryness or waterlogging. Check to ensure that the leaves arent damp. If the top 1/4-1/2 inch of soil is drying out, you should water the repotted plant once more.
- The plant you have a polka-dot on it is more susceptible to suffering from drowning rather than from
- Only water when the top 1/4-1/2 of the soil has dried out.
- Reduce the frequency of watering during winterand increase the frequency from spring to summer and then into the fall.
- Avoid overhead wateringand instead choose the base watering, below, and self-watering pots.