Last Updated on August 4, 2022 by Stephanie
In general, you should you should water your succulents every two weeks. Succulents are drought-resistant plants that require soil to dry out between watering sessions. Give succulents a thorough irrigation, ensuring they are evenly moist. and then allow the soil to completely dry before watering it again.
Dont water succulents when they are damp because this can cause root rot.
Continue reading to learn the best ways to water succulents during various times of the year, in various climates and conditions and also to discover the most effective method of watering succulents…
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How Often to Water Succulent Plants (Indoors and Outdoors)
Succulents can thrive in areas that experience frequent droughts, and in arid well-draining soils that experience frequent rainfall that tends to fall in a torrential rain and then be followed by dry weather.
So, to properly water succulents it is essential to recreate the conditions for watering and levels of soil water to which succulents have adjusted in their natural environment.
No matter if your succulent is outdoors or indoors it is essential to allow the soil around the roots completely dry before giving it another watering.
Water outdoor and indoor succulents every two weeks, with an extensive irrigation. Make sure the soil is not wet around the plants roots prior to watering it again in order to ensure that the succulents needs for water and to prevent root decay.
Succulent plants have come up with a variety of ways to survive dry conditions, thanks to their distinctive fleshy leaves, stems and roots that store water so that they dont have to depend on constant moisture for their surroundings like other plants.
Because succulents are well adaptable to drought, they will not like overwatering or humid soils that can cause the leaves to turn either black, brown or yellow with a mushy texture which could indicate root decay.
It is easier to revive a succulent that has been underwater instead of an overwatered one, therefore, if youre not sure, wait until the soil is dry or the leaves of the succulent begin to shrink slightly.
It is important to note that proper watering practices must be used in conjunction with planting succulents in the correct soil, a grity well draining soil that mimics the conditions of the soil in the succulents native habitat.
The normal potting soil holds water for too long for succulents to withstand, which could result in the signs of excessive watering, and can result in the succulent dying back. This is the reason choosing the right potting soil is just as important as the frequency with which you water your succulents to ensure the best success in growing succulents!
How to Know When to Water Succulents
The most important thing to remember when watering succulents is to be sure to water the succulent plant after the soil is dry and then wait to water when the soil is damp.
While watering your succulents every two weeks is a great general guideline for watering succulents the time it takes your soil to dry out in your garden or home will determine the frequency at which you need to water your succulents.
The most significant elements that determine how often you need to water your succulents are:
- The usual temperatures and humidity ranges that you experience in your area. (Higher humidity can reduce the loss of water from the soil and leaves, therefore you need to water the succulent less frequently).
- Size of succulents container or pot. (Larger pots hold more soil and contain more water, while smaller pots dry faster).
- If the succulent is able to get significant airflow due to forced air, air conditioning close to or an area of heat inside or in full sun. (Excess heat and wind can dehydrate the soil and leaves quickly).
- The rate at which the soil drains the soil as well as the length of time it can hold on to the moisture. (Succulents require a gritty, well-draining soil that resembles the soil of their natural habitat and suffer from root rot in soils that hold excessive moisture like normal pot soil).
One of the most trusted method to determine the frequency at which you should water your succulents in your area is to touch the soil in the bottom of the pot by the drainage hole at the base , and determine if the soil remains wet or dry.
If the soil is still damp, then you can put off watering for a day or so. However, if the soil is dry, this is the ideal time moment to water your succulent.
Once you have figured out what time the dirt in the bottom of your succulents pot usually takes to dry, you can determine the ideal time to water your succulent plant based on your climate as well as the conditions inside your outdoor or at home.
This method of watering replicates the rain-deluge that is followed by a drought-related watering that succulents encounter in their natural environment. It makes sure that the succulent plant gets enough water to remain healthy with lush leaves, but it also lets the soil dry in a proper manner so that you are able to avoid issues with root rot , which is the primary cause of the death of a succulent.
Are your Succulents Watering too often or not frequently enough
If your succulent is submerged, the the leaves will generally appear smaller or droopy, and appear to shrink or curled inwards based on the kind of succulent.
Succulents conserve the water they store in their leaves and, when theyre submerged, they draw on their water reserves. This results in the leaves of succulents suffering from drought to become thinner or thin as their water reserves are depleted , rather than their normal large size.
This is a clear sign that your plant isnt regularly watered or that you are not watering your succulent enough (succulents require a deep soak each time you water).
The reason why a succulent appears submerged could be due to environmental factors instead of a particular issue in your watering routine.
Take note of the possibility of putting your plant close to an area of warmth in case it is indoors, or maybe the pot is small and quickly heats up in the sun, which makes the soil dry out particularly rapidly.
When your plant appears to be submerged with leaves that curl upwards ( which is the case with the aloe plant) as well as leaves that are drooping then give it an adequate soak in a bowl of water for about 10 minutes. Then, leave your soil dry out completely before watering it again in two weeks or so.
This helps the succulent replenish its water reserves, but it also prevents root rot from excessive watering. The succulent will be able to recover within 2 or 3 cycle of watering.
If the leaves of your succulent change color from yellow to dark brown or black or translucent with the appearance of a soft muggy texture or falling off, it is a sign of slow draining soils, or soils that hold excessive moisture. This is an indication of root rot, which is more difficult to treat.
This is why I wrote a second article on how to revive a dying succulent to show how to save succulents suffering from excessive watering.
How Often to Water Succulents in Winter
In general, you should you should water succulents every 3-4 weeks during Winter. They are in state of dormancy during winter and need less water. You should water your succulent every 3-4 weeks during Winter. Give it an adequate bath to satisfy the requirements for watering of succulents as well as to prevent root decay.
Succulents go into a state of dormancy during winter months due to the lower amount of sunlight and a lesser amount of sun.
The less water-demanding conditions in winter means the plant is less prone to root rot when the soil is not sufficiently humid. Therefore, it is essential to reduce the amount of water, and it is crucial that the plant is placed in a well-draining, porous soil that is not holding on to excessive water (a specially designed succulent soil and cacti soil will greatly reduce the chance for roots rot).
It is important to note that indoor conditions may affect the frequency of watering your succulents in Winter because of sources of heat from the indoor environment that can cause the soil to dry and leaves too fast, causing signs from drought-related stress.
If your succulent leaves begin to appear thinner or become wilted, then they may be shriveled or thin. winter, then you should check the potting soil at the bottom of the pot using the drainage holes to assess the soils water content.
If the plant is dry, you might need to water it more frequently to avoid further stress from drought, or move the plant to a cooler location when it is near an air conditioner in the path of air forced into the area which is drying the foliage and soil of your succulent.
(Note that there could be one of the reasons that succulents shrink, so I wrote an article about how to identify the reason behind why your succulents leaves have started shrinking and the best way to fix the issue).
How Often to Water Succulents in Summer
In general, you should you should water your succulents every two weeks during the Spring and Summer months. Make sure to water your succulents during the summer months with plenty of water, and then allow the soil to completely dry before re-watering to ensure that the required watering is met and prevent root decay.
A watering schedule of once every two weeks is sufficient for the needs of the majority of succulents in summer However, you must alter the frequency of watering your succulents based on the conditions of your climate, and temperatures.
It is important to not water your succulents frequently because this can cause the conditions for root rot however, be aware of indications that your succulent isnt getting enough water during the summers hotter and dryer months, as watering every to two weeks might not be sufficient for certain climates.
If the leaves appear less slender, or drooping, or appear dry and wrinkled look, it could suggest that the plant isnt regularly watered enough to suit the particular environment and conditions.
If you do, you can give your succulent a good irrigation in order to help it revive, and maybe increase the frequency with which you water your succulent.
But you must let the soil dry around the roots of your plant before replenishing the water. Succulents cant endure a constant moisture level. So be aware of when the soil is drying out by squeezing the soil near the bottom of the pot by using the drainage hole to provide an indication of when you should water.
It is crucial to remember that popular succulents like aloe vera or jade plants may actually go into an inactive state during the summer months when temperatures exceed the 80 degree mark (27degC) for a long duration of duration.
In the summer months, the succulent slows its growth rate to preserve its water reserves, which are stored in the fleshy, thick leaves to withstand drought as a strategy to survive in the hot and dry natural habitat in areas like Oman within Oman in the Arabian peninsula.
This decreases the need for water, which means that you can you can water jade and aloe vera plants less often if temperatures remain above the 80degF (27degC) for a period of time to lower the chance of root rot while the plant is in dormancy.
Jade and water Aloe plants that get regular bathing every three weeks during extremely high temperatures. However, look for signs that indicate the effects of drought (shrivel leaves or dropping leaves) and alter your watering schedule accordingly.
How Much Water Does a Succulent Need?
While there are many factors that determine how frequently to water succulents however, how much water that a succulent requires is identical regardless of kind of succulent it is or the season.
Always give succulents an extensive watering to ensure they are evenly damp. The excess water should drip down the bottom of the succulents pot , which means that it has absorbed the water properly and the roots are able to get the water they need to keep the succulent healthy.
This method of watering mimics the natural cycle of watering that is the heavy rain, followed by a time of drought, which succulents are typically experiencing in their natural habitats.
A good soak in the water helps the succulents roots to strengthen and grow in the soil, which improves the drought-resistant capacity of your succulent.
If you dont water your succulents enough then just the upper inch or so of soil gets damp, which means that the roots become smaller, weaker and are often unable to access the nutrients and moisture they require, which can cause signs of drought stress, such as shrinking leaves and a look of drooping.
(Succulent leaves may shrivel due to under or over watering. To determine which of the two causes is the issue for your aloe plant , and to implement the right solution, please read my article on why my succulent leaves shrinking?)
How Often to Water Propagated Succulent Leaves and Cuttings
The way to water and the frequency at which you should water the leaves of propagated succulents differs than watering established succulents since leaves may have either no root system or have a tiny, growing root system, so it is essential to water them more frequently since they are more prone to drying out.
Water propagated succulent leaves are harvested once every two days, using a spray bottles to mist the leaves and soil around them with plenty of water, to ensure that the surface of the soil as well as the succulent leaves are both moist. Spray the leaves that have been propagated and the cuttings with water once more whenever the surface of the soil is dry.
Succulents can absorb water through their leaves, which is the reason it is crucial to water only their leaves surface using mist since this could be the only method of absorbing water as the root system grows.
There are a variety of variables that affect the speed at which soil dry (such temperatures and the intensity of sunlight) So you might require misting your succulent leaves more often or less frequently according to the weather conditions.
There are two methods to know the best time to mist your succulent leaves:
- Make use of your fingers to feel the soils surface to determine if its still damp or if it is dried (mist when it is dry).
- The succulent leaf is like it has been shriveled or it isnt.
Since succulents store water within their leaves, and as they draw on their water reserves, they may begin to look shriveled when there isnt enough moisture in the soil. This is a sign that you should mist your succulents leaves and cuttings more frequently.
By consistently misting, the leaf or cutting will re-establish its appearance.
But before you water at all it is essential to make sure that the cut is soiled on a dry surface so that it doesnt take in too much moisture and begin to decay.
Propagated succulent leaves soak up moisture by absorbing air (water evaporates) that is why misting leaves is an effective method of watering while the roots are still growing. This is why watering cuttings more often than mature plants is crucial.
Keep an watch on your succulents that are propagated to ensure that they are getting enough water by observing whether the surface of the dirt is dry.
Check out this YouTube video to get a clear description of how to water-propagate succulent leaves:
- Plants that are succulent should be watered once every two weeks, with an extensive watering in the summer and spring and every 3-4 weeks in Winter and Fall. Succulents are drought-resistant plants which require that the soil dry before watering again to prevent root rot.
- Plant indoor and outdoor succulents every two weeks. Make sure to give them regular watering, so that the excess water drips off the bottom of the container. Allow the soil to dry out completely before watering your plant once more to prevent root decay.
- Succulents need less watering in winter because they are in a state dormancy and are not actively growing. The succulents should be watered once every 3-4 weeks during the Fall and Winter months. Make sure to give them regular watering to ensure it is equally damp. Make sure to wait for your soil to completely dry out completely before you water it again.
- In general the succulent leaves are water-propagated using a spray bottle, mist the leaves and soil once every two days. Mist the succulent leaves again when the soil surface appears dry or the leaves of succulent appear to be shriveled.
- Make sure to water your established succulents by giving them a good watering, so that the water drips down from the bottom of the pot, ensuring your soil remains equally damp. A thorough watering of succulents will promote strong roots and healthy plants with a large amount of leaves. If you water too little, it can hinder succulents from getting the water they require , which could lead to drought stress.