Last Updated on November 22, 2022 by Stephanie
If youve just bought a Philodendron plant, you may be thinking about how often you should water it.
Answering this query is determined by a variety of factors But dont fret! Its simple once you know the impact of each one.
The frequency at which you should water your philodendron is contingent upon various factors like the time of year as well as the humidity and temperature levels within your home, as well as the pot in which your plant is located. Once you know these details, youll know precisely when you should water your Philodendron plant!
In this post Ill walk you through each aspect to help you determine the best time to water your Philodendron plant.
Table of Contents
How Do You Know If Your Philodendron Needs Watering?
Your plant will tell you that its in desperate need of water and will begin to appear sad indeed!
A lot of people rely on the physical appearance of their plants to determine when they should water it because philodendrons are fast to die when they are dehydrated.
If the cells of the leaves of your plant dont get sufficient water supply, the cells start to shrink, which causes the leaves to shrink and the entire plant to die.
The leaves eventually end up dying and falling from the plants. The signs of dehydration to look for in philodendron plants include:
- Leaves that are drooping.
- Leaves that are wrinkled.
- The tips of the leaves are becoming brown.
- Leaves turn yellow and before turning the leaves turn brown.
- Spots of brown on leaves of philodendron
- Leaves are drying up.
It is best not to let your plant to become so thirsty that it exhibits any of these signs. The stress that comes from repeatedly drying out can make your plant more vulnerable to diseases and pests.
Additionally, it can cause issues with the potters mix (many kinds of potting mix are difficult to re-wette once theyve completely dried).
There are a variety of methods to determine if your plants philodendron needs watering, and without causing harm to the plant! Use these easy methods:
- Make use of your fingers or a wooden stick to examine the upper inch or two of the potting mix. If theyre dry, add water!
- If you tap the pot, if the sound is hollow, then water! If its dull, then no water is required.
- Take the pot out of the dishwasher. If it seems light, water!
- Be aware of the shade of the potting mix as it will usually lighten when it is dried.
- Monitor the level of moisture in the potting mix for your plant by using a moisture gauge.
Factors That Impact Watering Philodendron Frequency
Gardeners who are just beginning their careers are often enticed to create watering schedules for their plants to ensure they do not forget to water them.
Although this may sound like an ideal idea but its because theres so many factors involved in your plants water requirements that adhering to a strict schedule of watering can cause problems, usually excessive watering that can lead to root decay.
Instead of a plan learn how each of these elements affects your plants water needs:
In the spring, your philodendron plant awakes and starts to grow new leaves. This is caused by an increase in temperature and an increase in light levels. it indicates that your plant requires more water.
Make sure to check your plant daily by using the methods described above. Be prepared to water your plant more frequently, perhaps every week or less, dependent on the dimensions of your plant as well as the location of it.
The summer months are the time that your philodendron requires more water. The plant is growing rapidly and the scorching weather implies that the water will evaporate rapidly from the plants pot.
Be sure to inspect your plant every day and water it frequently as is necessary. A long drink every once or every two weeks should be sufficient to ensure that your plants are healthy.
In the winter months, your philodendron requires only a less water. It wont be able to grow as significantly or even in any way during this period and, since the temperatures are lower, the water will not evaporate from the pot at the same speed as it does during warmer weather.
Make sure to check your philodendron at minimum every week and, if needed, water it. Based on the dimensions and its location, it may require watering every two weeks or every few months.
Due to central heating that we have in our homes, the humidity levels in winter are typically lower than during summer.
While your philodendron may require less water during winter, it needs an humidity level of at minimum 40% to prevent the plant from becoming dry.
In the time of flowering
The majority of varieties of philodendrons will not bloom in a house plant unless they are kept in extremely warm temperatures. There are many varieties, like those that are known as Split-Leaf Philodendron can take up to 15 years to bloom. If your philodendron is blooming, congrats!
It is recommended you to provide it with a good drink at least once a week, and more often if necessary. Check your plant every day
If the temperature is extremely high the plants philodendron needs much greater amount of water than when temperatures are lower.
The plant utilizes water to ensure the health of cells and to produce rapid growth at warm temperatures. Every cell needs plenty of water!
In addition, the philodendron plant sheds water from its huge leaves. The warmer it gets the more water gets lost in this manner. The water also evaporates out of the pot particularly those made of clay.
Since they are native to tropical regions It is essential to maintain your philodendron plant in a constant warm climate.
There are a variety of philodendron. Some are more robust than others, however, all prefer temperatures that is not lower than 65-70degF (18 21degC - 18) at night, and 75-85degF (24 between 30 and 35degC) in the daytime.
A humidity level of at minimum 40%, and ideally 50-60% is required for the philodendron plant to flourish. These plants are indigenous to the jungle regions with high humidity and low levels of humidity will result in your plant drying out.
Lower the humidity levels, the more the plants water evaporates from its leaves, and is sucked to dry the air.
Low humidity and dehydration can occur very quickly and can cause death to your plant if it is not treated immediately.
In their natural habitat Philodendrons live beneath the canopy of rainforest and get plenty of light, bright and dappled.
The suns beams seldom reach them directly, therefore, as houseplants, they are not suited for areas that receive too much sunlight.
A location that has plenty of indirect, bright light like near an open window, but not within the direct path of suns rays is the ideal location for the majority of philodendron species.
Variegated varieties require more light to ensure their colors remain vibrant Some species thrive in dim light conditions.
If you plant Philodendron in brighter, warmer areas, it will require greater amounts of water than in dark and cooler areas.
With the increase in temperatures and light, comes an increase in growth and evaporation and the requirement to drink more!
Size of The Plant
If you own a small or medium-sized philodendron in a pot that is six inches or less, and you place it inside a draining pot, you should keep it in the recommended temperature range.
Its likely that youll need to water your plants once or twice per week in the summer, and every month or so during the winter.
If you own a large plant in a large pot that is kept in the same conditions, then you need to be able to water it less frequently about once per week during summer, and then every two weeks in the winter.
Keep in mind that this is only an outline and you must learn more about the plant you are using!
Larger pots can hold water longer than smaller pots , so even though a larger plant requires greater watering than a smaller plant, you dont necessarily have to water it more frequently. Most times, youll have to water less frequently! Always check your plant first.
Pots made of plastic hold water more than terracotta and different clay pots. The only way to escape is via the drain holes located at the bottom or on an opening on the top of the medium used for potting.
If you are using an aluminum pot to house your philodendron , be sure it has ample drainage holes at the bottom that are large enough to allow water to drain easily.
If you are using clay or terracotta pots be aware that water evaporates through both sides, and also through the surface of the potting mix. The pot must have drainage holes that are adequate in the bottom!
Since philodendrons are natives to the tropical forests, they prefer an incredibly rich potting medium that is well-drained and moist and never wet.
The most popular varieties of philodendron that are used as house plants are vining varieties like the Heartleaf Philodendron.
They naturally live on trees, and therefore require an entirely different kind of pots than other houseplants.
A mix consisting of 30 percent general purpose compost, 20percent peat, 40 percent orchid bark, a little charcoal, as well as 10% perlite, with an edging of sphagnum moss will keep your plant content.
Self-Heading or Tree Philodendrons also like this mix, however they may also thrive in a nutrient-rich general-purpose compost that is combined with 10-20% perlite to aid in aeration and drainage.
Whatever potters mix you choose to use for your Philodendron, the main factor is that it drains well.
If the potting mix holds excessive amounts of water, this could cause serious issues for your plant, like root decay.
The problems are more easy to prevent than treating them, therefore be sure that the philodendrons container can drain!
Do not place pieces of pottery or stones within the bottom of your pots as it is often suggested to improve drainage.
It usually results in the opposite effect , and could cause water to collect at the lower part of the pot, increasing the chance for root rot.
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How to Water Philodendron?
Do I need to water from above or Below?
The majority of house plants, such as philodendrons must be watered from the bottom of the pot, if it is possible to ensure they grow strong roots. Regular watering from above could result in undesirable consequences like:
- The water does not get to the roots that support the plants.
- The growth of fungal organisms on surfaces in the potting mix.
- Mix of potting soil that is compacted.
- Stems rot due to the constant exposure to water.
There are occasions where watering from above is preferred, for instance after the repotting.
In this instance the water flowing down into the mix aids the roots settle and allows them to quickly access water after the strain of the repotting process.
If you need to water your philodendron from the top, try not to get water in the leaves or the stem.
Make sure you have plenty of water enough to allow it to flow out from the bottom of the pot. Be sure that the water is able to be let out so that the pot does not sit within the pool!
The process of letting water flow through the pot will ensure that the water gets to the plants roots at its deepest and assists in removing minerals that have accumulated in the pot mix.
The ideal way to be sure to water your philodendron plants from the bottom. If your plant requires watering, place the pot inside a container of water for a half hour to one hour, then take it out, making sure that any excess water drains from the pot of your plant.
If you place your plant in an apron or saucer, you can use it to hold the water. Be sure to give your plant a healthy well-drained drink. You might need to fill up a saucer several times. After about an hour take out any water left over.
If the philodendron is watered from either above or below the most important points to keep in mind are:
- Make sure to water your plants before you do.
- Water your plant deeply.
- Let the excess water be drained out of the pot.
An excellent alternative for all types of plants, both indoors and outside, is self-watering pots. They have a reservoir in the bottom that absorbs water and slowly allows it to be absorbed into the potting mix when the plant requires it. This means that you dont have to water your plants as often.
Self-watering pots aids in reducing the chance of root rot since the water is drained into the reservoir located at the bottom of the pot instead of remaining within the mix of potting.
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How to Water Propagated Philodendrons?
From the seed
Philodendrons are a lot more efficient to grow by cuttings than seeds, however when you grow seeds from philodendrons, the most important aspect is keeping them warm (the mix for potting should be between 68 and 73 degrees F (20 between 23 and 23 degC ) and always humid.
Covering your tray with bags of plastic or an appropriate seed propagator will aid in keeping the moisture in and keep the humidity high.
From the cuttings
The Philodendron plant is easy to propagate from cuttings in either water or potting mix. Cuttings require a lot of humidity and moisture since they do not yet have roots that can absorb water.
If the cuttings of your philodendron are in the water, it is important to ensure that the water is kept topped with water (change it every couple of days to prevent bacterial and the growth of fungal organisms) and make sure that the humidity level is at or near 50 percent.
If you plant them in a potting mix ensure that you keep them watered from the bottom so that the roots are stronger.
If you are propagating your cuttings of philodendron with a potting mix be sure to pay focus on the moisture content of the mix.
It must be constantly humid to allow your tiny root systems of your newly planted plants to be able to grow properly. The humidity levels also need to be at or above 50% to allow the plants to flourish.
Watering Philodendrons After Repotting
After you have repotted your philodendron You must give sufficient water to help it establish in its new location.
Re-pot the plant using damp (not enough that it turns into mud!) mixing mix and make sure to water the plant thoroughly near the stems base to aid the roots in settling into the soil.
Be cautious not to get the water onto your plants leaves or stem, since it can trigger fungal diseases. Be sure that the water will be drained easily so that your plant isnt buried in water.
The philodendron should be watered from below following the first watering to make sure that the roots are able to grow in the pot and grow correctly.
Eight Golden Rules
The plants of philodendron are stunning they are rewarding and easy to cultivate. Once youve mastered the preferences of your philodendrons water and preferences, it will be easy to determine when you should water it. In the meantime, you should follow these rules that are foolproof:
- Make sure to use a potting mix that is well-drained.
- Make sure the potting mix is moist but not wet.
- Check your plant every day.
- Let the surface of the potting mix to dry out between the waterings.
- Water plants are usually in operation early in the morning or later in the late in the evening.
- The water from below helps to promote healthy root growth.
- Do not get your leaves wet. plant.
- Do not let your plant be submerged in water.
Do you have something to add regarding watering Philodendrons? Tell us about it by leaving a comment!
(Source: University of Florida)