Philodendrons are gorgeous evergreen house plants, indigenous in Tropical America. The Genus includes about 500 species of climbing plants belonging to the Araceae family.
The gorgeous, leafy plants are known as easy to care for houseplants even for the most green of gardeners.
The leaves of these trees are huge with a glossy, green and shiny, giving an element of their lush native jungle to any house.
They are renowned for their heart-shaped leaves as well as beautiful trails of vines, these plants are especially suited for indoor environments. They are also capable of removing gases and toxins out of the air. Impressive isn’t it?
You’ve probably had or had a look at some range of Philodendrons in some place.
Furthermore, these vigorous beautiful houseplants are available in a variety of sizes, shapes, and shades.
Without further delay we’ll take a closer review of how to take care of Philodendrons prior to acquiring one of these stunning beautiful beauties.
Philodendron is derived in the Greek word meaning affection ( Philo) and tree ( dendron) So we aren’t the first people to be in love with the beautiful plants.
They are adored in many homes for their ability to purify the air..
There are two kinds of Philodendron houseplants Vining and non-climbing varieties.
- The Philodendron vines: These vines can produce creepers that span many feet. They need to be supported by posts, plant trellis basket, or a structure that they can climb up. The most popular varieties are those called the Heartleaf Philodendron and the Lacerum Philodendron.
- Non-climbing Philodendrons: As their name implies, they don’t climb. Instead, they are upright and spreadable pattern of growth and produce stunning foliage in pots. They are those called the Bird’s Nest, Lacy Tree, as well as Atom Philodendrons. They can grow to nearly double their height, so make sure to leave plenty of elbow space for these kinds of plants.
Philodendron Care Tips
Philodendrons are a staple in the interior garden. They are simple to maintain since all you need to do is watch out for any signs from the plant and it will let you know precisely what it requires.
Check out some best Philodendron maintenance tips indoors to ensure your plant is looking and performing at its best.
Philodendron Light Requirements
The leafy green plants thrive in indirect, bright light or even partial sunshine. I suggest keeping your lovely plants in shaded area in a bright room or in a space where it will enjoy a view of the sky.
Signs Your Philodendron Needs More Light?
If you observe the Philodendrons growth getting unbalanced, and with plenty of space between leaves it could be a sign that it’s in need of more sunlight.
If your plant is exposed to excessive light it could cause leaves to turn yellow. Be aware of the amount of light you’re allowing your plant to receive and look out for warning indications.
Philodendron Temperature Requirements
Philodendron tolerance to temperature varies according to the species. In general, the plants are not recommended to expose them to temperatures lower than 55°F (12degC).
If you own an indoor Philodendron You must guard them from cold drafts, like from an unclosed window or air conditioning vent.
How To Care For Philodendron In Winter?
The majority of Philodendrons are natives to tropical America and, as such, they prefer moderate light intensity and equally humid soil.
The winter months are a time of dormancy that your plants experience. It is possible to refrain from the need to water as often and instead keep an eye on the soil of your plant.
It is important to keep the plant’s soil moist during winter months, when your plant’s development slows.
If you’re considering planting a new Philodendron, the most suitable time to do it is the latter part of winter or spring. This is when the plant starts its new growth.
If you notice that your Philodendron is overtaking the space in your home or the plants appear to be a bit sloppy It’s time to trim them.
The cutting back of your plant slightly is best done during the fall or spring seasons. It is safe to provide your plants with a gentle trimming to get rid of any leaves that are yellowing and spindly growth.
When you are pruning your plants it is important to ensure that you are using cleaned pruning shears to stop the spread of any disease-causing bacteria.
Tips: Philodendrons plants’ leaves are toxic to pet and human beings when they are consumed. Certain people may experience mild allergic reactions when they are in touch with sap. When you are repotting or pruning the plants, it is recommended to wear gloves to protect yourself.
Philodendrons grow extremely fast however, they still require regular fertilization. To help your plant keep getting its best appearance it is recommended to apply an appropriate liquid fertilizer that is balanced and contains macro-nutrients.
The ideal time to apply this fertilizer is during summer and spring seasons. After that, reduce the frequency of feeding to six to eight weeks during the winter and fall seasons.
If you notice that your plants’ growth is more sluggish than normal and the leaves appear to be smaller, it’s an indication that your plant isn’t getting enough nutrients.
Soil for a Philodendron
Philodendrons flourish in well-draining, loose soil made up of organic matter rich. They love a regular watering but they are not able to sit in moist soil for too long.
It’s a great idea to select soil that will hold the water over a long amount of time, but won’t remain damp.
A mix of palm soil is an ideal cultivating substrate for Philodendrons. The soil mix is able to hold water and doesn’t form a compact, allowing oxygen to reach the roots.
Philodendrons prefer a pH between 5.0 between 5.0 and 6.0 that is somewhat acidic. The combination with one portion peat moss and one part of pot soil and one portion perlite can create an acidic, well-draining growing medium.
Be aware that the plants are sensitive to salts that build up in the soil due to water. This may cause browning or yellowing on leaves.
An easy and quick solution to this issue is to flush sodium salts, by watering the plant’s container until you see water flowing out of its drainage holes.
Philodendrons can tolerate a variety in humidity. They do however originate from tropical rainforests and therefore, they thrive in humid conditions. Between 65 and 80 percent humidity is an acceptable standard for Philodendron.
It could vary based on the Philodendron you have. Some are happy with a humidity of 40 percent or less, and have no impact on their growth. However, some may get sucked up and die when they have any humidity less than 70 percent.
They thrive in humid environments and, therefore, if you live in a dry area, you may want to increase the humidity of the plant.
To monitor the humidity levels of your plant, it is recommended to purchase the help of a digital humidity meter. It is also possible to try one of these strategies to increase the humidity of the plant’s space:
- Simply spray the plant every couple of days using the help of a spray bottle.
- It is possible to include a humidifier in the room of your plants.
- You could also put the container of your plant on the pebble tray and then add water. Make sure the bottom of the pot isn’t in contact with the water (this could cause the root becoming rotted).
Water for Philodendron
The amount of light as well as the season in which you’re currently will determine how much water the plant needs.
Since the majority of Philodendrons have epiphytes which means they primarily extract nutrition from air, not from the soil. Since they are potted plants, it is important to keep their soil damp and add some misting.
Philodendrons typically require a good amount of water within their soil. It is recommended to water your plants when you notice that the upper inch the soil is dry.
The Philodendrons that do not climb tend to be a little more drought-resistant than vining varieties. Be cautious about excessively watering your Philodendrons as the roots could decay.
How Often Do You Water Philodendrons?
It is recommended to water your Philodendrons when 50 percent in the soil has dried. It typically takes between one and two weeks before you are able to replenish your plant’s watering needs.
The amount of water you give the plants will also depend on the amount of light your plant receives and the climate of your region. After you have watered your plant it is important to let the soil dry before the next watering.
Dry Vs. Overwatered Philodendron
Over- and underwatering can cause the leaves of your plant to drop. Be aware that the plants don’t like sitting in a muddy soil and this could cause root decay.
One of the most common issues with Philodendrons are the time when their leaves begin becoming curled or turn brown.
This typically means that your plant requires more water. If the leaves of your plant begin to yellow, it means that you’re overwatering them.
One of the most frequent errors made by many novice plant owners or new parents is to overwater. The general rule here is to water your plants once the soil is dry but not hard.
Dry soil may cause the leaves of your Philodendron to become brown or curled. If this happens it is recommended that you provide your plants with a thorough bath in water.
Another reason for the ugly leaves may be because of the use of tap water. The water could be contaminated with chlorine, minerals, fluoride, and salts which can cause harm to the plant. The best option is to supply your plant with water that is filtered.
Check out the signs for over- and underwatering to be aware of:
The signs of water loss are:
- The leaves show dry spots. the leaves
- Yellowing of the older leaves
- Stunted growth
The signs of over-watering are:
- Lower leaves that are yellowing
- The compost is being contaminated by mold.
- Brown patches appear on stems or leaves
Philodendron Plant Propagation
Philodendrons are fairly simple to grow and maintain and care for; perhaps this is the reason they are so sought-after for plant parents who are new or those who are just beginning.
Philodendrons are easily reproduced from stems that have at minimum 2 nodes (joints) which will swiftly establish roots in water within several weeks.
Check out this simple step-by-step guide on propagation using cuttings:
- Cut about a 6-inch section of the stem just below an intersection, and then remove the lower leaves close to the cut.
- Place your cut pieces in an ice cube and then in a space with lit by filtered light.
- It is recommended to apply the roots-building hormone to soak the stems that have been clipped to ensure the best results.
- When you have seen a few roots grow It’s the time to move your cuttings to pots that have drainage pot soil.
- Make sure the soil is well-drained but not too wet.
Philodendron Plants Common Problems
Check out the most common issues that plant owners might encounter with their Philodendrons, and some solutions to solve the issue.
Philodendron Root Rot
Plants of Philodendron are susceptible to root rot. One of the most common causes is due to excessive watering.
If your plant is left in moist soil for a prolonged period of time, it are likely to die from the lack of oxygen.
When root rot begins to take hold the ability of your plant to function normally slowly decreases. The leaves of your plant start to change color and the roots will turn black and mushy.
If you discover that the Philodendron has root rot disease You should:
- Remove the plant immediately from the pot.
- Cleanse the roots by washing them out and then removing all affected parts using razor-sharp, sterile shears.
- Treat healthy roots using the remaining healthy roots with liquid fungicide.
- Repot your Philodendron with a fresh potting mix.
- If the situation is serious then you’ll have to attempt to reproduce your Philodendron in order to help save it.
Philodendron plants are susceptible to pests that are common in houseplants such as mealybugs, scale spider mites and aphids.
You can manage these pests that are commonplace by spraying the leaves of your plant with Neem oil as well as insecticidal soap.
Certain fungi and diseases are commonly found in Philodendrons which include various forms of leaf spots and Blight.
Philodendron Dropping Leaves
If you notice that your Philodendrons leaves begin to fall in the spring, it’s typically an indication that there is a watering problem. It could mean your plant is receiving excessive or insufficient water.
It’s fairly easy to determine the one you’re looking for. When the soil appears damp it is necessary to dry it out If the soil is dry, you should provide your plant with more water.
After you have resolved the watering issue, the plant’s leaves will return to normal.
Philodendron Leaves Turning Yellow
If your Philodendrons leaves begin to change color at the same time It could be a sign that you’re getting too much sun. If it’s just two or three leaves there’s nothing to be concerned about. Older leaves naturally turn yellow.
Philodendron Brown Spots
Although your Philodendron is a fan of bright lights but too much direct light could cause your plant’s leaves to appear dull, or cause it to becoming brown..
Direct sunlight can destroy the gorgeous green foliage, leaving brown spots in the leaf.
If you notice this happening, you should be aware of the lighting around your plant. If it’s too bright, it’s best to move your plant to a shaded location.
Philodendron Spider Mites
Philodendrons are often plagued with spider mites. The tiny pests appear as tiny white spiders that cling to the leaves of your plant and can make spider webs that look like they are made of. How do you get rid of these insects on your beloved houseplant?
If you’ve found the problem It’s crucial to start the treatment for spider mites immediately because they could extend to the rest of your collection. It is essential to quarantine the affected plant and examine the plants around it for signs of mites.
Check out the ways to rid yourself from spider mites
- It is possible to spray your plants with the help of a chemicals pesticide that is specifically designed to kill mites.
- Make sure to wash the leaves using the insecticide soap (you might prefer to place your plant in the tub to help it through, as it could become messy).
- Apply neem oil to the affected areas.
- Another option is to place an empty water container close to your plant, or to use an mist humidifier (these insects don’t like humid, humid conditions).
Philodendron Frequently Asked Questions
Because Philodendrons are a common plant that we all have There are a lot of questions regarding how to keep the beautiful green plants in good health.
Check out some commonly asked questions that will help help keep our plants happy and healthy.
Is Philodendron Safe For Cats?
Have a moderate to mild toxic level for both cats and can cause mild to moderate toxicity for dogs and cats.
If ingested or chewed it can cause discomfort, irritation to the mouth, as well as swelling and irritation of the lips, tongue, and the mouth.
It may also cause problems swallowing , which can lead to vomiting and drooling. Therefore, it is recommended to keep the plants away from pets you love dearly.
When Is Philodendron Dormancy Period
In winter tropical indoor plants like our Philodendrons are vulnerable to drafty windows and lower temperatures.
In this time it is recommended to cut down on watering your plants since their have slowed down.
Dormancy is common with these plants, particularly in darker, cooler areas within a house. When your plant is dormant, the foliage will become smaller and it may fall. However, the roots continue to expand.
Based on the location you live in It can take a few some time for plants to emerge from dormancy in the spring. In order to get your plant to emerge from dormancy indoors you can put it in indirect light.
It is also possible to provide your plant with an extra boost of fertilizer and a thorough irrigation.
Is Philodendron Poisonous?
Unfortunately, Philodendrons can be dangerous to cats as well as dogs. If the plants are chewed on, they can cause stomach pain, vomiting hypersalivation, an increase in the size of your pharynx, and trouble swallowing.
If you experience any of these signs after your pet chewed your plant, consult your veterinarian.
What Is The Rarest Philodendron?
The most rare member of this family is the Spiritus SanctiPhilodendron. It is the only few of these beautiful specimens remaining in the wild, which makes this species one of the most endangered and most rare (and the most costly) of its kind.
Do Philodendrons Need Sunlight?
Although Philodendrons are native to tropical regions that are frost-free They can also thrive in areas with low humidity (like our own homes).
Philodendrons thrive in moderate lighting or in indirect sun. If your plant’s leaves turning to yellow this could be an indication the plant may be receiving too excessive direct sunlight.
They can tolerate the smallest amount of light, however when the stems begin to grow unbalanced with a few inches between the connects (or leaves) and leaves, you might need to relocate your plant to a better place.
Is Philodendron A Good Indoor Plant?
Philodendrons are great houseplants since they can adapt to a variety of conditions of lighting and water.
They have huge leaves that are green, allowing the plants to soak up even the tiny traces of light and water.
While they are tolerant of warmer climates, if keep your Philodendron inside and in a warm location, it will expand throughout the winter months.
Are Coffee Grounds Good For Philodendron?
The species is native to the West Indies and tropical areas throughout America Philodendrons thrive in humid, light areas with soil that is slightly acidic.
Coffee is a great remedy to make your Philodendron that is slow to grow appear more lively. It is possible to mix the ground with the potting soil of your plant or simply add it to a solution of water (half water and one cup of coffee).
Can Philodendron Grow In Low Light?
Philodendrons are a huge species of plant that thrives in low light conditions. They love mild to bright light but they do not like direct sunlight. They usually prefer indoors, in the corner close to the window.
Different varieties of Philodendrons favor places with shade and low light. For instance, the heartleaf Philodendron is a fan of low light and humid conditions, making the perfect choice for bathrooms.
A Footnote on Philodendrons
Plants like Philodendron are ideal for those who don’t wish to spend all day caring for their plants. They’re usually simple to grow and are easy to propagate.
These amazing tropical plants can be a source of warmth regardless of where they are. Now that we’ve mapped out the best maintenance guide for Philodendrons it’s time to purchase one of these stunning plants.
Please, let us know which one you consider to be your absolute favorite?