The Monstera is among the most sought-after indoor plants. With its famous fenestrations , or holes in the leaves the plant has gained the heights of no other.
This article focuses on a typical issue with indoor cultivars of Monstera Deliciosa as well as Monstera adansonii that is the feeling of being sluggish. Find out the root cause of this problem and the best way to treat it.
If you observe your Monstera plant is becoming sagging and sagging, it is best to move the plant to a location with more natural, indirect sunlight. In addition, by combining a mix of training and pruning as well as proper nutrition and a cooler climate the plant will be able to change its form.
Normal Growth Vs Legginess
Monsteras actually are a climbing vines which typically clings to huge tree in its natural environment. In the indoor environment, these plants, particularly when they’re young they will look like a tree.
The main difference in a healthful Monstera following the natural process of transforming into a vine and the unbalanced Monstera is the size of the stem, the length of the leaves and and the size of the internodes.
Leggy Monsteras will have taller and shorter stems, but not the large, full leaves.
The leaves of the leggy Monstera are also spaced further apart. If you feel like there are more stems than the leaves, then it’s an unruly plant.
Causes of Legginess in Monstera
Lack of Light
The primary cause of the sagging is a lack of proper lighting conditions. The monsteras flourish in the rainforest’s understory and have evolved two different responses to light dependent on the intensity.
In general, generally speaking, a Monstera likes direct light, and tends to expand toward it. If your plant isn’t receiving enough sunlight, it will spread to an light source.
Your Monstera is aware that when it gets the light source, it can produce photosynthesis, thereby creating food for the whole plant.
On the other side of the spectrum, Monsteras have been known to thrive best in shade or partial light.
The dim light mimics conditions of the jungle, in which the plant is located in the shade of the shade of a tree. The plant is then told that it is ready to climb.
If there isn’t sufficient illumination in the area, your Monstera will expand to search for an illumination source or look for something to climb up.
When the plant expands the stems expand in a disproportional manner and then weaken. This is known as etiolation , and is the main reason for legginess.
Too Much Fertilizer
In some instances there are times when your Monstera may grow too quickly. This occurs when a lot of nitrogen is available for your plants, particularly in the beginning stages.
It can be thought of as a growth spurt that is not sustainable. A high intake of nutrients can cause monstera to grow cells more quickly that normal. This results in an unsound and long stem susceptible to mechanical injury.
Monsteras are tropical plants that thrive at temperatures between 68 and 86degF (20-30degC). If temperatures exceed the temperature of 86degF (30degC) the Monstera can overheat.
For younger seeds, higher temperatures could be a reason for rapid growth.
As with nitrogen exposure that is too long the stems can increase in length but without the right structure to provide its support.
Monsteras enter an inactive period during winter months to avoid the etiolation.
The plant is aware that during the colder months, days are shorter and plants will not get the sunlight it requires to maintain its growth.
Due to this the plant will go into a state of dormancy when temperatures drop.
So, if you observe that your plant’s appearance is getting sloppy You can alter the temperature to fix the problem.
Another reason for legginess is the overcrowding of roots. In the absence of adequate space, rootsbound plants could be experiencing unusual growth patterns because of inadequate absorption of nutrients and water.
Certain roots can block others out. This is usually the case when you Monstera is placed in the wrong pot. small.
Furthermore when roots take up the majority of the space in the pot, nutrients and soil that holds moisture is moved. Insufficient soil could lead into a lack of water and nutrients.
How to Fix Leggy Monsteras
Let There Be Light
The most straightforward thing you can do to repair your sagging Monstera is to move it to a more bright area.
Monsteras require bright, indirect light for long time periods, much like the conditions found in the rainforest’s understory.
Fun fact The greater the amount of light that your Monstera receives, the greater the chance that fenestrations will appear.
As you address the issue of legginess it will also help the plant to grow beautiful leaf patterns that everyone Monstera fans adore.
The light must be bright enough to allow you to be comfortable reading. Rooms that have windows facing east or south are the best.
It’s just a matter of making sure that the light is blocked (with curtains or bounced off the wall, for instance).
Be careful not to place the Monstera near direct sun (direct line of sight to the sun) because excessive light can cause the plants leaves to get sunburned.
The Monstera is a tough tiny plant, so it will require about 2 hours of sunlight in direct sunlight. In the extreme, this could be too too much for your plant to handle.
I’m a huge fan of measuring things rather than using ear-to-ear or gut feeling. This means that there are fewer things left to chance.
Technically speaking, in order for the Monstera plant to flourish due to its requirement for medium-light it requires between 200 and 500FC (foot-candles) as well as 75 to 200FC in order to be able to survive.
Floor candles are a type that measures brightness. It is measured in terms of Watts per square foot.
To determine the brightness of your home Simple light meters (or better yet, PAR meters, which measure more lighting wavelengths) are accessible at your local retailer of plants. (Source: University of Arizona Division of Agriculture)
Rotating Your Plant
If the light source is only reaching the one side that your plants are on, then the opposite side could become sagging. To prevent this from happening it is possible to rotate your plant regularly.
Provide Artificial Light
If you feel that you’re not able to provide your plants enough sunlight artificial lighting is an option.
There are a variety of choices to consider when choosing the right lighting. There are a variety of styles, technologies, wattages and color temperatures at different prices.
The most important thing to consider is the amount of lumens required. To determine this, use this formula:
If your plant is occupying the space of 2 feet by 2 feet for survival it will require lights with 400 lumens for your plant to flourish.
You’ll need one with 1600 lumens. The majority of bulbs be marked with this number on the label.
The plants are better at detecting light signals than our eye. They are able to detect a greater range of wavelengths, including infrared and ultraviolet, which have various purposes.
Blue light is the preferred choice to grow leaves. It’s directly connected to the production of chlorophyll, which results in healthy, strong leaves and stems.
So, when choosing the right artificial lighting it is essential to establish the right color temperature.
Higher temperatures of color (5000-6500 Kelvin) contain more blue light, and are ideal to use with your Monsteras.
Full Spectrum Grow Lights would be fantastic, but for a more economical option, you can opt for “daylight” LED bulbs.
Always remember that sunlight is the most effective option since it has the entire spectrum of wavelengths needed by plants to flourish. Therefore, make sure you get the maximum amount of natural light you can.
If soil or dust accumulates over the leaf surfaces, plants could not be able to absorb the sunlight it requires to complete the vital job of photosynthesis.
Also, wiping your leaves once in a while could be an excellent idea. It’s the same for windows.
The accumulation of dust and dirt on windows could block sunlight from entering the room. Cleaning windows can help increase the brightness of a space.
Using a Suitable Pot Size
The issue with the wrong size pot is that it can cause your Monstera to become overcrowded.
If your plant is overcrowded it is possible that the light doesn’t get to all areas of the plant. parts of your Monstera could start to search for more light, and may become sagging as a result.
This is above the soil. What we don’t notice as often is the overcrowding below the surface.
Rootbound Monsteras are known to exhibit unusual growth patterns due to the inability to absorb water and nutrients.
To deal with the issue of overcrowding it is possible to change the pots of your plant, place it to a structure, or trim your plant.
In the event that your garden is already overcrowded, you may want to upgrade to a bigger pot. Make sure you choose the right pot. The root ball should take up about 1/3 of the new pot.
If you grow larger, you run the risk of developing root decay if the plant isn’t large enough to hold the water.
Mix soil with fillers such as coco coir, peat-moss perlite, orchid bark. This will ensure that the soil is able to provide drainage. For more tips on Repotting, check out my previous blog posts.
With the more large spaces that you have, your Monstera roots won’t be confined and will allow them to soak up the needed nutrients and moisture that plants require particularly when you add an appropriate quantity of soil.
Because Monstera Monstera can be described as a vine, it is able to be grafted onto an object, much like the topiary. There are many who use coco coir or moss pole.
When you attach the plant on a structure that is vertical your plant will be more exposed to light and will not have to grow, thereby lessening the smell.
If it is positioned on an upright pole the plant will appear less sloppy and spread out all over.
If you do it properly If you do it correctly, when you do it correctly, your Monstera will take form in a smaller size and you don’t have to cut off beautiful leaves.
Another benefit of exercising on a stake is improved air circulation, which can prevent the growth of molds and bacteria. Because of the height, it’s even more striking!
Pruning and Propagation
Another method to increase the appearance of your plant is to trim it. You can cause the growth of your plant in a specific manner by cutting off unwanted old growth and cutting off new growth.
Additionally, aerial roots and dry leaves can be eliminated if they’re hindering your leaves from getting the adequate amount of sunlight.
If you’re pruning your Monstera in any way, instead of throwing away the cut-offs why not spread the cuttings instead?
It’s just a matter of being slightly more careful about the place you cut your mature leaves.
To help you trim or grow your excessively leggy Monstera Here is a step-by-step guide:
Prepare Your Tools
Make sure you use an incredibly sharp utility knife or pruning saw. Cleaning your hands as well as sterilizing your tools can also decrease the chance of spreading bacteria and other diseases.
It is also advisable to think about wearing gloves as the sap of the Monstera may be irritating to certain.
Have an End Goal in Mind
Before you even start cutting, you should think about the shape you would like your plant to have.
Determine which leaves to take out. From there, determine the ones that are worthy of saving to allow for the propagation of.
Get rid of any dried or diseased leaves. By cutting off the ends of the stem, called the meristem certain hormones are activated and the plant is able to expand laterally.
Instead of an uninterrupted vertical growth pattern, clusters of cells that make up the stem will expand outwards, creating a more bushy plant.
The tip that is growing is the bump on the stem from which the new leaf is born. Take it off by pinching the stem off, or by using the sharpest knife or pruners.
Cuttings intended to propagate, try to cut the node. Make sure to include an area of bulge or part of the node using a cutting.
This gives the cutting the chance of rooting. If you’re pruning to control the dimensions of the plant, this isn’t a problem.
After each cut after each cut, take a few steps back to see whether you’re getting closer to the shape you want.
When cutting back the plant, you shouldn’t reduce more than 30 percent of foliage to keep the plant from going into shock.
Make sure to trim your plant in the growing season to allow the plant to grow quicker. Cuttings that are propagated will also have a greater likelihood of rooting.
After you’ve finished pruning your Monstera take the cuttings to be used to propagate.
Place them in a pot that is clean and let them grow. Replace the water every week. Once enough roots are visible and they are able to be moved to the pot.
Alternately, Monstera cuttings can be grown directly in soil. To improve the odds of success in propagation it is recommended to dip the stems into an growing hormone solution prior to the propagation.
Air Layering is a different method of propagation that can be used. A cut is made near the junction between an aerial root an axis and then wrapped in moist Sphagnum and moss.
The moss and cuttings remain in place by strings as well as plastic wrapping. The plastic wrap must let air flow.
A cut can be affixed to the joint between an aerial root and a leaf axil. The roots should begin to emerge in a few months.
When roots start to emerge The cutting can then be planted in another soil.
Grow Slow and Steady
One of the main reasons Monstera Monstera is so well-known is due to the speed at which it expands. The sight of leaves unfolding right in front of your eyes is a satisfying feeling.
However, too much of something good can turn out to be harmful. If your plant isn’t robust enough, the fast growth of its stems is not a good thing.
What we need are strong well-groomed stems which are capable of supporting huge leaves.
To ensure the proper development of strong stems and foliage Your Monstera plant will benefit from a low-strengthand balanced fertilizer.
Some growers suggest the use of a 20-20-20 solution which is then diluted with water. This is a good practice to do every month during the growth phase and every month in the dormant, cooler months.
The fertilizer that is watered down could be used as a substitute for the regular watering schedule.
If you prefer to this, you could also apply an equilibrated, slow-release granular fertilizer that will give you enough nutrients to last for the duration of six months.
Maintain Low Temperature Around Monstera
To make your plant slow down, resulting in shorter internodes, you could move your plant to a place which is cooler, but also with brighter conditions.
This is why rooms that have Southern or Eastern looking windows tend to be the most popular.
A Southern facing room can maximize the amount of light that enters the space, and rooms facing the Eastern facing room allows cool morning light to flow into.
Monsteras are among the plants that provide a lot of satisfaction to an indoor plant lover. They grow quickly and are quite easy to care for.
If your plant does exhibit signs of legginess It’s not difficult to fix it. However, as with everything else prevention is always better than a treatment, therefore don’t sit around waiting until your plant starts to turn unbalanced.
Make sure it has the right conditions for growth: the right amount of sunlight and temperature, a pruning schedule and food.