How to Water Aloe Plants Properly

Aloe vera are drought-resistant plants that should be watered after they are in a soil that have dried completely. Typically , watering aloe vera one time every 14 days will allow the soil to dry out between watering sessions to satisfy aloe vera’s water needs without creating root rot.

It is essential to ensure proper watering using aloe vera since they are prone to root rot, which results from excessive watering as well as slow drainage soil.

Aloe vera is a plant that has distinct water requirements at different seasons when they enter a state of dormancy due to summer heat as a way to save water.

Thus, aloe vera’s need for water fluctuates throughout the year.

Aloe vera that is properly watered is best done coupled with the correct well-draining, succulent and cactus soil mix in order to reduce the chance of root decay.

Read on to learn the frequency and amount you should water the aloe during the winter and summer months, and to find the right mix of potting soil to ensure that the health of your aloe vera…

How Often to Water Aloe Vera (Indoors and Outdoors)

Aloe Vera plants are succulents that have been adapted to grow in areas that experience frequent droughts, full sunshine and frequent rainfall.

The thick, fleshy leaves of the plant are designed to hold the most water possible.

Aloe vera is adaptable to hot, harsh and dry climates , they are extremely susceptible to over irrigation when they are cultivated by gardeners.

To effectively water aloe vera, it is essential to mimic the conditions for watering in their natural environment in order to meet their needs for moisture, while also replicating their drought-related conditions, to which they have adapting.

Aloe vera is best fed only after it is clear that the ground around its roots have dried completely. Usually, this means that you should water aloe vera each 14 days.

The length of time it takes to dry the soil around the roots is contingent on the growing conditions, like:

  • The temperature and humidity of your local climate (higher humidity can reduce the loss of water from the leaves, and reduces the aloe’s need to drink water).
  • The dimensions of the pots or container (smaller pots dry much faster than larger pots).
  • The aloe can be found indoors and in a flow of forced or air con air, or outside in an open space with greater airflow (excess winds can drain the leaves of moisture).
  • The amount of water that drains from the soil (aloe vera must be planted in well-draining soil).

The most reliable method to determine the frequency at which you should keep aloe vera plants hydrated according to your climate is to touch the soil in the base of your pot via the drainage hole and determine if it’s moist or dry.

If the soil seems damp you can delay watering for a day or two, however when the soil is dry, this is the ideal time opportunity to water your aloe vera plant.

This is the best method to replicate the natural cycle of watering to which the aloe has become used to and ensures that the aloe is hydrated enough to remain healthy and flourish, while the soil is sufficiently dry to avoid issues with root decay.

The same method for establishing an appropriate watering schedule is applicable regardless of whether your aloe grows outside or indoors, since root rot caused by frequent watering is the most serious threat to aloe vera.

It is nevertheless important to know that aloe vera is in a state of dormancy when it experiences the summer heat and actually decreases its need for water as a survival plan to combat drought.

Aloe also needs to be watered less often during the winter months…

How Often to Water Aloe Vera in the Winter

Aloe plants need to be watered less frequently in winter due to a variety of reasons:

  • The ideal temperatures for growth are 55degF-80degF (13degC-27degC). If the winter temperatures are always cooler than 55degF, then the rate of growth decreases and the aloe vera’s need for water decreases.
  • A shorter time of sunlight and a lower intensity of sun. In Winter, when the days are shorter, the growth rate of aloes decreases and the speed of drying out also decreases.
  • The soil remains moist during Winter, due to lower temperatures. The practice of watering aloe vera at the same frequency in Winter like in Spring or Autumn causes the soil to be too moist for aloe vera , which increases the chance of root decay.

It is essential to wait until the soil has dried out prior to watering your aloe vera plant in winter to reduce the risk of root decay.

Because of the variety of variables, it’s difficult to provide universal guidelines regarding how often to drink aloe vera in winter because of the different the climate and conditions.

But watering every 3-4 weeks during winter is generally an ideal balance to satisfy the requirements for aloes’ watering while making sure the soil is dry enough to prevent root rot.

Keep an eye on the soil as often as you can to establish your timetable for watering in Winter.

Test your soil’s moisture by rubbing the soil with the drainage hole in the bottom is always the most accurate way to determine if your soil is dry to the core and, consequently, when is the ideal time to start irrigation of your Aloe.

aloe variety outside

How Often to Water Aloe Vera in the Summer

Aloe Vera has a time of dormancy in the summer months as an approach to conserve water during the hottest and dry time of the year.

In the summer, when they are in dormancy when temperatures are hot enough, the aloe vera basically ceases to grow, which decreases its need for water substantially.

(There are a variety of reasons that cause the aloe vera plant to cease growing (read my article to find out the reasons and ways to fix the issue).

It is usually when temperatures are consistently above 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27deg C) that the aloe vera’s growth slows because it is able to conserve moisture.

In the summer heat months that the aloe plant becomes more vulnerable to the effects of excessive watering, so it is important to increase the frequency of are watering.

Typically, watering Aloe Vera at least once every 3 weeks throughout the hot summer months is sufficient when the plant is in dormancy.

The lower frequency of watering mimics the summer conditions of aloe’s natural habitat, with less frequent rain and longer durations of drought and high temperatures.

How to Tell if Aloe Vera is Watered Too Often or Not Often Enough

If you water aloe vera more than once per week, then you are definitely excessively watering.

Over Watered Aloe Vera…

The signs of an over watered aloe vera is leaves that change color from brown to yellow, with an appearance of drooping. They also exhibit a soft appearance.

Aloe vera may eventually become black because of the process of rotting.

If the leaves of aloe vera have begun to turn brown or yellow, reduce the amount of irrigation immediately and let the soil dry to give the aloe time to re-grow.

(For assistance with the dying aloe vera plant check out my article on on how to revive an Aloe Vera Plant)

Under Watered Aloe Vera…

Underwatering issues are much less frequent since aloe vera is extremely resistant to drought because it thrives in dry conditions.

The signs of insufficient watering is that the leaves of aloe vera that shrivel curving inwards and falling down when the plant isn’t getting enough water regularly.

The remedy would be to provide the algae with a thorough soak in the root and then allow the soil time to dry again within the next two or three weeks, and soak it once more.

The aloe will be able to recover from its shriveled and look wilted after two or three cycles of watering. The leaves should appear healthy and feel plump and firm instead of shriveling.

If your leaves of aloe are curling upwards, read my post on aloe vera leaves curly to find the solution)

How Much to Water Aloe Vera

While there are many variables that affect the frequency at which you drink aloe vera however, how much water needed remain the same no matter what.

Always moisten your aloe vera near the base with a large amount of water that soaks the soil around it.

A large amount of water ensures that the water is sufficient to penetrate the soil , and get to the aloe roots, where it is needed.

This is a recreation of the natural watering cycle of heavy downpours or rain, followed by a drought that the aloe vera has become accustomed.

The heavy watering encourages the roots of your aloe plant to grow into the soil, which will enhance the plant’s resistance to drought, and also so that roots are able to access the nutrients that they require.

If you are watering too sparsely it is likely that only the upper inch or so of soil is wet and the roots are unable to access the water they require and cause signs of drought stress, like shriveling leaves.

(Succulent leaves may shrivel due to under or over watering. To determine which of the two causes is the issue for your aloe plant , and to implement the right solution, please read my article on why my succulent leaves shrinking?)

Aloe Vera Needs Well Draining Soil To Compliment Proper Watering

While determining how often you keep your aloe hydrated is crucial to its growth It is equally crucial to plant them in an proper soil that drains well to prevent root decay.

The aloe plant will not thrive in regular compost or potting soil because they remain wet long after watering. This results in the leaves of aloe to change color, turning yellow or brown as an indication of stress caused by excessive moisture around root systems.

Aloe vera thrives in extremely sandy or grit soils that are extremely porous, drains very quickly and don’t hold the moisture of its natural habitat within Oman.

To grow aloe efficiently, it is vital to replicate the characteristics of a well-drained soil that aloe vera needs to remain healthy.

Aloe vera is best placed in pots that is specifically designed for succulents and Cactus (which is sold at garden centers or on Amazon) that has more inorganic materials (sand, grit and stones) to aid in drainage and replicate the conditions of soil that are preferred to aloe vera.

The plant Aloe Vera in Pots with Drainage Holes at the Base

As succulents go aloe vera is especially sensitive to excessive water around its roots, so it is essential to plant aloe vera’s in containers and drainage holes to ensure that water excess can drain away and the soil can dry out between watering sessions.

Watering until you can notice a small amount of water appear from the bottom of the pot via your drainage holes is an excellent method to make sure you’ve the aloe vera in your garden in the correct amount so that it gets to its roots.

If you use pots or containers with no drainage holes, the water that collects around the roots, which causes root rot. Your aloe vera’s leaves turn yellow, brown and then black because of the fungus.

(Read the article I wrote about on why my aloe vera plant limp?)

There are a variety of reasons why the water is draining slowly out of your pot, despite drainage holes at the base.

  • Use a saucer or tray under the pot. A lot of times, trays and saucers are placed under pots to stop water from spilling into your home. It is essential to empty the saucer frequently, rather than leaving water to collect at the bottom of the pot, as this could cause the soil surrounding the roots too moist for aloe to withstand.
  • The soil’s roots or compacted soil may hinder drainage holes. If you notice that your soil is slow draining, check the bottom in the container to make sure that water is able to escape easily.
  • The decorative outer pots are a way to stop the water from escaping. Aloe vera, which is sold in stores is often placed in plastic pots with drainage holes , and then placed in a pot with a design which does not have drainage holes, which results in excess water pooling around the roots, resulting in root decay.

(Read my blog post on selecting the right pot to grow aloe vera in).

Key Takeaways

  • Aloe vera is adaptable to dry conditions and require for the soil to dry out completely between watering. Aloe vera should be watered once every 14 days, with ample soaks to ensure that they have enough moisture without creating root rot. Make sure the soil is dry out prior to watering the aloe vera plants.
  • Aloe vera needs to be watered less frequently in the summer because it is in a state dormancy during the summer months to protect itself from extreme heat and drought. Aloe vera should be watered once every 3 to 4 weeks during Summer to prevent root decay.
  • Aloe vera water is less frequently in winter because fewer hours of sunlight and cold temperatures reduce the speed of root soil dry out, and also reduces the growth rate of the aloe vera plant. decreasing its need for water.
  • Plant aloe vera in well-draining soil that mimics the sandy and hard soil of its natural environment to stop the roots of aloe vera from becoming rotten.
Stephanie

Stephanie

Went from a bad gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)