How to Grow And Care for Hoya Carnosa Compacta (Rope Plant)

Also called The Hindu rope plant The Hoya Carnosa Compacta is a distinctive hanging houseplant that has marked thickly curled leaves that “krinkle kurl” that appear like a rope. There are up to 300 species in the Hoya plant family The Hoya Carnosa Compacta can be considered one of the most popular members of the family.

It’s a hybrid of East Asia and Australia, it’s a semi-succulent plant that is extremely adaptable and simple to cultivate, even though it’s slow to grow. If properly grown they will have long , dense, dark green leaves that are ideal to display in pots that hang.

If you’re new to houseplants , and looking to purchase an Hoya Carnosa Compacta, then you’ve found the right resource. The Hoya Carnosa Compacta care guide will provide you with all the information you must be aware of when it comes to caring for this plant.

Hoya Carnosa Compacta Light Requirements

They require a lot of indirect light to develop to their maximum potential. Therefore, it is recommended to choose an elevated spot within your home, such as close to a window that receives indirect sunlight throughout the day. In the Northern hemisphere, windows that face south are the best choice, but the western or eastern exposures are also suitable.

Hindu rope plants do not like the direct light, particularly when the weather is hot. Planting them in direct, hot sunlight can cause burns to the flowers and leaves, and result in wilted leaves. It is recommended to plant the plants in the area of your house which receives at minimum 6 hours of indirect light each day.

Hoya Carnosa Pink Flower

A sign of excessive direct sunlight is the appearance of yellowing in the leaves. If you observe this, you must move the plant to a shaded location immediately.

Planting this in a dimly lit space is fine, however it will take longer to grow and might not flower in the right time of. Lighting is a crucial factor in determining if the plant blooms, therefore it is best to select an ideal spot right at the beginning.

Hoya Carnosa Compacta Temperature Requirements

Originating from the warmer temperatures in East Asia and Australia, one of the reasons they are so wonderful houseplants is because they prefer constant warmer indoor temperatures. In the daytime, hoyas are thriving in temperatures between 16 and 18 degrees. Hindu rope hoya thrives when temperatures are between 16 and 18 degrees Celsius.

Avoid exposing the plants to temperatures that are below 10degC which can strain the plant and cause slow growth when exposed for long periods of time. Also, ensure that your plant is protected from cold drafts and hot radiators to avoid sudden temperature fluctuations.

Soil for Hoya Carnosa Compacta

Lightweight, fast draining and well-aerated soils are ideal to use for Hoya Carnosa Compacta plants. It is recommended to begin growing the plant inside a smaller pot with drainage holes at the bottom, so that roots will grow compact.

Being an epiphytic plant it needs to have adequate airflow to the roots in order for the plant to flourish. The most important factor in determining the success of your plant is to use soilor pots that drain quickly and doesn’t stay wet. The use of soil that contains perlite helps improve drainage and the aeration.

If you are looking to create your own soil mix to plant this particular plant, think about adding:

  • 1/3 peat
  • 1/3 perlite
  • 1/3 bark/charcoal

If you reside in an area that is humid and you live in a humid area, a fine soil mix will guarantee good draining and dry. For dry regions that are dry, a finer potting mix that is slower to dry and holds more moisture is suggested.

It is recommended to replace the soil every two to three years in order to ensure healthy growth of the plant This can be accomplished by repotting the plant in a larger container.

Hoya Carnosa Compacta Humidity

The plant is a fan of humidity, much more than the average home plant. If you plant it in the right conditions of humidity (40 to 60 percent) You’ll notice that the leaves appear glossy and healthy, and that’s no accidental. If your leaves appear dry and shrivelled, then take the warning to increase humidity.

The purchase of a small humidifier is a great option if you own (or are planning to have) numerous house plants. Humidifiers help keep the atmosphere around the plant at a an even humidity and this means the plant will be able to show off its beautiful leaves and stunning flowers.

An inexpensive option to use a humidifier that could also boost humidity is to place the pot of your plant on an unfilled tray that is filled with pebbles of clay and water. If you reside in an area that is dry it is possible to mist your plant or think about placing your houseplants in groups and allow them to grow together and increase the humidity.

Hoya Carnosa Compactas grow really well in kitchens or bathrooms in areas where humidity levels are usually more than other areas. This is an ideal place to plant them during the winter, since central heating can reduce the humidity.

Watering Hoya Carnosa Compacta

It is a semi-succulent species, it is able to survive with minimal watering, however it is important to keep some moisture in the soil. The ideal time to water is dependent on the environment it is growing in. It is recommended to water it once the first 2 to 3 centimetres of topsoil are dry.

It’ll require more water during the growing time from spring to summer, which is why it’s recommended to water the garden each time , but just when it’s dry enough to point of touch. From the fall to winter the plant requires less water because of the reduction in the rate of growth.

The Hindu rope plants will react well to soak the soil in water, after that, let the excess water run out of the pot.

A good drainage is crucial for the growth of Hoya Compacta plants, as they’ll begin dropping flowers when they are in a moist soil. On the other hand the soil that is extremely dry can cause the plant to drop flowers.

But, since it’s semi-succulent that stores moisture, it can handle dry spells very well, even if you don’t water it every now and then. It is more difficult to drown than overwater since it could absorb water from the air during humid conditions because of its epiphytic character.

Hoya Carnosa Compacta Fertilization

The Hoya Compacta requires very minimal fertilization, so you don’t have to fret regarding feeding it. The best time to apply fertilizer is during the growth period between spring and the close of the summer. Give the plants fertilizer that is diluted in water every month.

It’s recommended to use a fertilizer that’s high in potassium to promote the growth of the plant’s beautiful flowers. But, you don’t have to feed it when it’s flowering or in its resting time (autumn through winter).

Be on the lookout for tiny and unusually dark green leaves as this could be a sign of a plant being fed too much. If this happens you should reduce the amount of fertilizer to half of the strength you used until your leaves return their normal color.

Over-fertilizing continuously can seriously harm the plant, leading to tiny leaves that are wrinkled and dry. Another indication of over-fertilization is the appearance of a white sticky residue on topsoil. If this happens you should flush the plant with water to cleanse the soil of fertilizer that is too high.

Repotting Hoya Carnosa Compacta

It is not necessary to pot this plant again because of its slow growth. Beginning with a smaller pot is a good idea. A small pot with drainage holes can reduce the chance of root rot since the soil will dry quickly prior to each watering.

In the end, you’ll have to offer the Hoya Compacta a new home. It’s ready to be transplanted If you observe one of the following symptoms:

  • It’s drying out fast and you’re watering your plant more often than you did before.
  • The soil is becoming compact, which results in the roots being afflicted by a lack of oxygen
  • The roots have begun to grow from the drain holes to search of space.
  • The plant’s health begins to decline and the plant begins to look sad

The ideal time to transplant is in the spring and summer months. But, do not transplant when the plant is in bloom since you could damage its delicate flowers, so it is better to be patient.

To transplant the plant, you need to use one hand to hold the plant’s base at the point where it touches the soil. Then, using another hand turn the pot upside down so that you’re holding it upside-down. It will be much easier to remove the plant out of the pot , and reduce the risk of damage to the rootball.

If you find damaged or dead roots, cut them off carefully using a pair of scissors that have been sterilized. Place the plant in the pot one size larger than the container it is currently in. It is important not to disturb any healthy roots in this process to minimize shock from transplant.

Utilizing the same kind of soil for the pot will reduce the chance of suffering from transplant shock. Begin by filling the lower three-quarters of the container with soil, then place the rootball into the pot. Then, add soil to the remaining two-thirds of the pot until the rootball is completely covered and the plant is at a comfortable height close to the top of the pot.

Pro-tip Use clay pebbles at the bottom of your new pot prior to adding soil to aid in drainage. It is also important to ensure that the topsoil sits about 2 centimetres away from the rim of the pot to ensure that water doesn’t spill over when you water the plant.

Pruning Hoya Carnosa Compacta

Pruning your plants make them look better, but it also aids in managing the size of your plant. When you prune, ensure that you don’t cut off any spurs-covered stems because this can reduce the flowering areas. The spur is the point of the peduncle which is where the flowers develop.

It is best to trim during spring to ensure that your plant is able to recuperate from any stress caused by pruning. Cut any branches that are dying or dead, and remove dead or yellowing leaves to keep your plant looking beautiful.

Make sure you clean your pruning cutting tools to stop the plant from contracting infection after you cut the plant. Put the scissors in disinfectant for five minutes. Then, you should wash in hot water. When you’re finished pruning you are able to make use of the cuttings for propagation for purposes.

Propagating Your Hoya Carnosa Compacta

When you prune, cut stems 3-4 inches away from the tips and below the node at an angle of 45o. The stem you decide to cut must be covered in leaves. Take off any leaves that are that are on the lower portion of the cutting, and then keep the younger leaves close to the top.

If you’d like to make sure the cuttings develop roots, soak the cuttings in the rooting hormone prior to placing it in water, however ensure that the leaves aren’t submerged in water. The most effective method is to use the propagation plug. After you’ve submerged the cut in the hormones that root, put it into the plug.

After it’s submerged or plug, cover the cut with a plastic bag or a proliferation box in case you wish to spread several cuttings. This will help to retain the moisture and encourage root growth. The cutting should be placed in a shaded warm space until you can see roots are beginning to grow from the cutting or propagation plug. This can take up to a couple of weeks.

If you are using plugs to plug in your garden, make sure that they are kept damp. By filling the bottom of the container with water can keep the base of the plugs moist for a long time. It is helpful to dip each plug into water until they are thoroughly submerged.

Typical Problems Associated With Hoya Carnosa Compacta

The plant is susceptible to some pests and diseases which are listed below. It is essential to be aware of these issues so that you can identify the problem and bring your plant back in good health.

Hoya Carnosa Compacta Root Rot

The root rot can be caused due to excessive watering and causes the soil to become to become waterlogged. When soil is wet, roots die because of a lack of oxygen, and begin decaying. The decay spreads to healthy roots and eventually kills them. If it is not treated, the plant will die eventually.

If you suffer from root decay, the leaves turn yellow and begin to droop. If you look at root structures, you’ll see the roots that are rotting are blackish brown and soft. Healthy roots are, on the other hand are white, hard and flexible.

To address this problem:

  1. Take the plant out of the pot like you’re replacing it, and wash the roots with running water.
  2. Make use of a clean pair of scissors to trim off the roots that are rotting
  3. Get rid of the soil that you used and wash the pot using one part bleach, 9 parts of water for 30 minutes.

Then, soak the roots in an fungicide to eliminate any remaining fungus that causes root rot. After that, you can plant the plant in new soil that is well drained. Be sure to water the plant well after transplanting.

Be aware that it is best to avoid fertilizers in the coming weeks as the roots are growing because it can cause stress to the plant.

Common Pests of Hoya Carnosa Compacta

Hindu rope plant species are said to be a victim of mealybugs, spider mites, and Aphids. Mealybugs appear as fluffy white clumps that feed on sap from the leaves and stems. If they are not checked they can degrade the plant matter and may even hinder the growth of plants. There are mealybugs that can be found on the underside of vines, which is why it’s important to inspect the vines of your plant frequently to detect an outbreak.

Aphids usually appear close to the flowers of the plant and can damage the growth of new plants. Aphids are tiny soft-bodied and shape as a pear. Similar to mealybugs, they sucking the sap of the plant and may impede the plant’s growth.

Spider mites can be very sneaky. Curly leaves on Hoya Compacta plants provide the ideal hideout for these pests. The first indication of an infestation by spider mites is the appearance of speckled dots on leaves. They’re small and be missed due to their dimensions. They reside on the leaf’s underside and feed off the sap of the plant.

When the spider mites begin multiplying in number, you’ll see spider-like webs appearing on the plant. The affected leaves will soon begin dying.

The treatment of these pests is easy, however it requires the same amount of consistency. All you need to do is treat the plants using soap solution. Mix 2 to five tablespoons of dishwashing liquid with 3 to 4 Liters of water. Spray the entire plant (including the sides of leaves) using the soap solution with a spray bottle each week until the problem is gone.

Another option is the oil of neem that acts as an organic pesticide. Spray the plant in the same as you would your soap until you are sure that the problem is gone.

Hoya Carnosa Compacta Botrytis

Botrytis is another type of fungus which can affect the entire spectrum of plants. The spots that are grey and mouldy appear on leaf’s center when the humidity levels are too high. If this happens, you must remove the plant from its growth zone and cut off the damaged leaves.

After you have removed the moldy leaves, spray the entire plant with the entire area with a Fungicide. If the botrytis problem is extensive, you might need to plant the plant using new soil, but this should be done only in the last option.

Frequently Asked Questions About Hoya Carnosa Compacta Plants

If you’ve come this far, so why not tackle some frequently asked questions? Below are questions that will provide you with information on whether the species is toxic, the speed at which the plant will grow and whether it’s resistant to droughts.

Are Hoya Carnosa Compacta Plants Toxic to People and Animals?

Hindu ropes aren’t toxic. There’s no need to be concerned about acquiring this plant as your next plant, since it isn’t a danger to children, people, or pets.

The same applies to cats too. Do not be concerned when your cat starts eating these leaves since they’re not toxic. If your cat consumes lots of the leaves of the hoya plant it could be vomiting or have diarrhea as they’re unable to digest the material from plants.

If this happens, you do not need to be concerned, as your cat isn’t at risk. Consuming a lot of plants can be a sign of boredom in cats therefore, if this happens, you could buy the cat engaging plaything that will keep him entertained and away from the plants.

How Fast and How Big Do Hoya Carnosa Compacta Plants Grow?

The plant grows in a slow pace and is expected to grow at a slower rate in winter in which there is less light. The rate of growth is dependent on the environment it is growing in.

It is possible for your Hoya Compacta to begin producing water within 1 three years based on the plant’s nutritional needs and the routine of watering. If properly cared for the plant will live up to 7 years and grow to a length of 6 meters.

Are Hoya Compacta Plants Drought Tolerant?

They are often subject to times of water deficiency in their natural habitats They can therefore handle very little or no water for four to five weeks during spring. This is more pertinent for those looking to know what happens when they travel on vacation or fail to take care to water their plants.

In fact, because of the plant’s drought-resistant characteristics it is likely to be able to avoid watering it for several weeks. But, it depends upon how dry the area is, how much the plant has grown in its surroundings and whether it’s healthy or not.

If you’re concerned about not remembering the watering of the Hindu rope plants (or any other plant in your house to be precise) you should consider buying an self-watering gadget which will take care of the task for you. It’s also a great device to have for when you’re out of the home for long periods of time.

Is Hoya Compacta a Succulent?

Hoya carnosa “Compacta”, or The Hindu rope plant, as they are often referred to are a curly leaf variant that is a curly leaf version of “Hoya carnosa” and is a semi-succulent that drapes. This means that the plant holds lots of water within its leaves, but they aren’t as drought-resistant as full succulents.

Where Can I Buy Hoya Carnosa Compacta?

If you’re looking for a place to purchase Hoya carnosa compacta, you can visit your local plant nursery or go to Esty and look on Hoya Carnosa as well as Hindu rope plants.

Final Thoughts on Caring For Your Hindu Rope Plant

It’s unique and easy to care to, the plant is sure to make a beautiful addition to any home. Being an epiphytic plant you can make the vines crawl on through walls or allow them to develop downwards from the pot . Get imaginative!

If you care for your plant following this guideline for care and you are able to avoid any problems, allowing the plant to last up to 7 years old and grow to the length of 6 meters. The most important elements are providing it with an ideal growing space with adequate light, and setting an irrigation schedule.

If you’re thinking ‘where can I purchase an Hoya Carnosa Compacta?’ There are a variety of hoya plants available on the internet and in plant nurseries. The most important thing is consistency. If you are able to provide this plant an excellent maintenance schedule and it will thrive in your home for years to be.



Went from a bad gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)