Last Updated on November 16, 2022 by Stephanie
Is your Monstera a deliciosa or adansonii? To determine which one is the one you have it is necessary to distinguish the two varieties by their distinctive characteristics. This article will assist by highlighting the differences and the similarities between them.
Monstera deliciosa differs from an adansonii with regard to growth habits, height of the plant and cost. There are other important variations in the perforations, dimensions, and leaves edges. In addition, the two plants are similar in a few aspects , as is evident the stems structure and root system, and the way they propagate.
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Differences Between the Monstera Deliciosa and Adansonii
Dont be fooled by the many false advertisements that are out on the market, whether they are intentional or not. Here are some factors to help you identify the Monstera adansonii as well as Deliciciosa.
Hole in the Leaves
Another distinctive characteristic is the holes that are present between the Monstera Deliciosa and the Adansonii. The holes of the two varieties are different in dimensions, shapes, and numbers. (Source: International Aroid Society)
Dansoniis perforations tend to be a bit small and have different shapes that tend to be circular.
Although smaller, the sequence of holes is more frequent on both sides of the leafs midrib. A single leaf of adansonii could have as many as 8 or 16 hole.
Deliciosa, on the contrary side, has much larger perforations, which measure 0.5 to 0.8 centimeters long.
They are usually oval and semi-round in appearance. Additionally, the deliciosa is equipped with less holes, ranging between 1 and 5 on either side of the leaf.
If you see that a Monstera is covered with tiny and complete incisions, its pretty sure that its an adansonii.
If your plant has less than impressive amount of holes, it is likely that youve got delicious.
Keep in mind that perforations on the leaves grow as the Monstera grows. Therefore, a plant that is younger may appear to be uncut in its early stage.
Size of the Leaf
One of the biggest distinctions that distinguishes Monstera Deliciosa in comparison to adansonii is the size of the leaves.
The general rule is that adansonii is adansonii with leaves that are smaller than the deliciosa. The leaves that are ovate of adansonii are only between 25 and 70 cm (10 to 30 inches) to length.
The lamina expands to a width that is between 15 and 45 centimeters (6 to 18 inches) in width.
In contrast, Deliciosa is a standout with its glossy green leaves that appear massive all the time.
The leaves usually emerge with a size of 25-90cm (10-35 inches) long and 25-70cm (10-30 inches) wide. The leaves can reach 100 centimeters (40 inches) or greater in its natural habitat.
Be aware that leaf size can vary based on conditions. Therefore, leaves of plants may appear large in conditions that have sufficient sunlight, water, and fertilizer. In other circumstances, the leaves could appear smaller.
Edges of the Leaves
In addition to the dimensions and holes in the leaves, the edges of the Monstera leaves and the adansonii are not the same.
Adansonii is similar to the typical plants that have smooth edges. Furthermore, its leaves provide a straight and continuous route, even when you trace it on both ends.
This is distinct from Deliciosa. Because deliciosa has perforations in the primary leaf veins, which extend from the midrib and the edges There will be gaps. Although smooth, the leafs boundary appears lopsided and irregular.
The most distinctive feature only the Monstera Deliciosa can boast is its Geniculum. Geniculum is the portion of the plant that connects the leaf to the petiole or stem.
When the deliciosa stretches and attains semi- or fully mature it will begin to develop ruffles.
The sides of the leafs upper base will turn complex and wavy. The curvy appearance is similar to the muscle of a plant that gives flexibility, for instance moving along with the winds.
Contrary to deliciosa adansonii does not have a wrinkled geniculum, whether it is during their mature or initial stage. The joint that joins their petiole with a leaf will be always smooth and straight.
The habit of growth of Monstera can also help you discern a deliciosa from an adansonii.
A monstera deliciosa has a sprawling growth habit. The plant is known to climb up and down, expanding its stems, which in turn expands the place they are. They grow slowly, however they tend to grow at some point.
As opposed to deliciosa, adansonii is more trailing. This makes them unique as the most sought-after Monstera hanging baskets since they can be extended and then hang down. They also grow loosely over the surface, making them an ideal choice for the training of the stand.
If your plant displays an erect characteristic and is drooping towards the ground, then it is likely to be an Adansonii. In the meantime, you could be cultivating a deliciosa at home, if the plant likes to grow in a horizontal direction.
If the plant you have in your house is cute and small, theres an excellent chance that you have one of Monstera Dansonii.
Adansonii vines have the length of between 2 and 6 metres (7 up to 20 feet). This is a lot less than the deliciosa, which can grow to nine meters (30 feet). The deliciosa could even attain higher within its habitat. (Source: University of Florida)
However, you must remember that the growth and development of plants can differ based on certain variables.
Therefore it is possible to compare two plants that were grown in similar times and conditions could be a better method to determine the differentiating factors.
If you didnt have to pay several dollars for your plant, youre probably one of Monstera Dansonii.
Deliciosa, in comparison to Adansonii, is more expensive. Markets sell deliciosa in quantities ranging from 20$ to 100dollars. The price could even go up depending on the plants size and the number of leaves.
You can look through Amazon and attempt to distinguish the difference between deliciosa and adansonii or vice versa simply by taking a look at the prices.
Similarities Between Monstera Deliciosa and Adansonii
In this article we will examine some of the common characteristics between Monstera Deliciciosa and Adansonii. It is not surprising that these two species share the same characteristics since they are both part of the same family of aroid plants.
Although deliciosa and Monstera adansonii dont have the similar size, their stems bear similarities.
Deliciosa is similar in appearance to Adansonii in that they share one stem with many nodes. They dont have stolons, unlike the other Monstera species like Obliqua. Stolons can be described as runners. They sprout from a stem, establish new roots and then grow new plants.
The Monstera Deliciciosa and Adansonii continue to grow and create new petioles as they grow through the nodes. These circular spots that appear to be green or brown are found on the stem.
In addition its interesting to note the gap between nodes in deliciosa as well as Adansonii are nearly identical.
The deliciosas internodes are between 4 and 10 centimeters (1.5 to 4 inches) in length. It isnt much different from the spaces between nodes of an adansonii, which range from 3 to 10 centimeters (1 to 4 inches) length.
In essence the deliciosa and adansonii grow new stems right along their stems. Additionally, their vines have similar looks, with the peduncles being a little away from each other.
Another characteristic that is similar to both Monstera Deliciosa as well as adansonii is their underlying structure.
Monstera deliciosa and Adansonii both have the aerial roots system. This type of root is derived from a plant stems is located higher than the surface of a soil or growing medium.
Similar to the other roots have similar roles like absorption of water, dissolving minerals and storage of food items.
Apart from their primary reasons, aerial roots provide the plant the capacity to anchor and attach to specific things, such as walls, trees, or even a stack.
This is why Monstera Monstera may grow and eventually become fully or partially open to air. The roots aid in stabilizing them and prevent them from falling.
The roots develop as the growing older of these plants. Therefore, you will only see the roots emerging from monstera deliciosa and Adansonii as they grow older and grow.
The genus is the same that is adansonii, you can reproduce both the Monstera Deliciosa and adansonii in the same manner.
It is possible to grow new Monstera in several methods. This includes suckers, seeds or tissue culture. stem cuttings.
The most popular method of cutting the stems of new Monstera is simple. First, you must locate an appropriate node.
Then, cut off the stem that contains this node in one go using an abrasive and clear shear. After that, put this cut inside a glass jar that is that is filled with water that is clean.
Within a couple of weeks or so in time, youll begin to see some roots growing from the stem. Youve successfully cultivated your Monstera.
In the next paragraphs in the next paragraphs, you will learn some of the most basic but essential plant care tips to take care of the Monstera. It is also evident the increasing demand of both the Deliciciosa as well as Adansonii are similar.
Monstera thrives best when it is in a well-draining potting mix. Both the deliciosa as well as the Adansonii prefer a media that drains the water in a perfect way but still holds a significant amount of water.
The addition of organic amendments, like cured manure or compost clippings can also help boost plant growth and development.
Choose a pot that is between 2 and 4 inches larger in size than the mass of soil that is found in the roots of plants. This will lessen the risk of root bounding, which could disrupt the plants nutrient uptake.
Additionally, it will stop excessive watering, which can cause root rot. Additionally, repot the Monstera when it has outgrown its pot. This can be seen by the roots that grow through the drain holes.
A location that receives some sunlight is the ideal place to plant Monstera. Although they are tolerant of direct sunlight, dont allow them to remain for longer than six hours outside because they could get sunburns.
Also, do not place the Monstera in dark areas because poor lighting conditions can disrupt the photosynthesis process.
Monstera is part of the group of plants that require water in a moderate amount. Therefore, you should give two to three inches of soil in the topmost layer to dry prior to applying water again.
It is important to be cautious not to drown your Monstera Deliciosa or Adansonii. They are susceptible to root diseases particularly in winter.
Apart from improving the appearance of plants pruning can also improve healthy growth of Monstera. Utilizing sterile scissors or shears take out dead or damaged areas from the plants.
Although late spring and early summer are the best times to trim Monstera however, you are able to prune them at any time of the year, if you feel it is necessary.
Monstera likes a warm average temperature, which ranges between 60oF and the temperature of 80o (16oC up to 27oC). Be cautious not to keep them in hot environments as the plant processes , like transpiration could fail.
This is also true for areas where temperatures fall to below (7oC) The plants could suffer frost and cold injuries. In the worst case the plant could die.
Below are the three things you need to be aware of about Monstera. They will be primarily focused on their ever-growing requirements, similarities and differences.
- Although adansonii and deliciosa are both part of the Genus Monstera however, they differ. The differences are evident in a few characteristics that they have, such as leaves size and edges perforations, geniculum the growth pattern, height of the plant and cost.
- Monstera deliciosa and Adansonii share the same characteristics, such as the stems structure and root system, and methods of propagation. This is due to the fact that they belong to the same species within the Aroid family.
- The requirements for the Monstera deliciosa and the adansonii are the same for majority of time. To ensure that they grow well they must be provided with enough light and water. A suitable soil and container, as well as the right temperature and pruning can also help the growth of plants.