How Are Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana Different?

Last Updated on November 10, 2022 by Stephanie

Are you confused Do you have a mismatch between Monstera Deliciosa and Monstera Borsigiana? Its frequently confused with Borsigiana and vice versa because of their distinct appearance.

To avoid confusion, it is important to recognize the differences between them to distinguish the difference between them. This article will assist you to discern the Monstera Deliciosa from borsigiana by identifying distinct features.

Monstera Borsigiana, which was once believed as a synonym of Monstera deliciosa, is in fact an entirely separate species closely connected to Monstera deliciosa. A geniculum distinguishes Monstera deliciosa from Monstera borsigiana. The geniculum is the joint on the stem which connects the stem to the leaf or leafstalk of plants. Contrary to Borsigiana, mature Monstera leaves are deliciosa and are adorned with a winkle or geniculum.

Examine for mature leaves and determine whether theyre Deliciosa as well as Borsigiana. The real Deliciosa has a furrow at the point where the stem joins the leaf unlike the Borsigiana doesnt.

The Difference Between Monstera Deliciosa Vs borsigiana

Heres an overview of the most important distinctions between Monstera Deliciosa and a Borsigiana. Understanding these important differences can help you distinguish one for the other.


The most well-known differences between Monstera Deliciosa as well as borsigiana can be found in the geniculum. In the case of plants, geniculum is a reference to the joint on the stem which connects it to a leaf or a leafstalk.

Monstera Deliciciosa has a wrinkled or wavy in the geniculum near the bottom of each petiole when it comes into contact with the leaf.

They are sometimes referred to as ruffles due to their appearance and curvy texture. The unique design of the plant permits the plant to move or be flexible.

Contrary to deliciosa borsigiana is similar to the other plants that have the geniculum.

The base of the leaf that connects with the stem only straight and plain, which is smooth when you put your hands on it.

When looking at the plant geniculum is a great way to determine whether the plant is deliciosa or borsigiana. it is difficult to tell the difference in the stage of their development.

Deliciosa develops these ruffles when it is semi-to fully mature stage as it expands.

Growth Habit

Monstera Deliciciosa is a plant with a horizontal and spreading growth characteristic. This implies that they are prone to expand and grow in tandem with their location.

Additionally, youll see them scurrying along the earth most of the time since the are slow climbers. However, as the deliciosa gets older and dries out, it will turn into an erect vine.

However, borsigiana is a vine-growing habit. It has a long stem that extends on the ground or upwards of the top of a particular stack.

In contrast to the deliciosa Borsigiana is already beginning to grow and twine like an initial growth.

If your Monstera appears to be a bit messy with a nesting leafstalk and stem, its more likely to be a delicousa.

If, however, your Monstera shows a more attractive growth, it is likely that you are an borsigiana.

Monstera variety small leaves

Growth Rate

If the plant in your house grows quickly, it could be the Monstera Borsigiana.

Although the borsigiana is known to be smaller than Deliciciosa, its rate of growth is significantly higher.

In general, a deliciosa grows about 2 feet (1 meter) a year on average. Therefore, you can anticipate that your borsigiana to develop a little faster than this.

If you find yourself with Deliciosa in your house, instead of borsigiana, not be concerned. Deliciosa is able to grow up to just a few inches or even taller than thirty feet (9 metres) in its native habitat.

Additionally, it is important be aware that the rate of growth of the plant may differ in accordance with certain conditions.

Monstera Deliciosa Has Larger Leaves

Their size is a different aspect that stands out from the Monstera Deliciosa with the Borsigiana.

Monstera Deliciciosa is a leathery plant with gorgeous leaves that look large. The leaves can reach to up to three inches (1 meters) in length and width within their habitat. (Source: University of Florida)

Monstera borsigiana, however has leaves that are smaller than the others.

The leaves of this plant can only reach an unnoticeable dimension that is 1.6 inches (0.5 meters) according to reports. However, its an attractive leaf-size plant to have in your house.

It is important to keep in mind that the growth of plants is different under specific conditions.

Factors such as light, water and an environment that is growing can alter the size of a leaf or smaller.

The most effective method to determine the Monstera type is to compare two plants that were grown in the same the condition.


A lot of people mistake Monstera Borsigiana and Deliciciosa as two plants. The confusion will disappear once you realize that they share a slight different taxonomy.

Taxonomy is the term used to describe the field of science which focuses on the method of identifying, categorizing and the process of naming plants.

Monstera borisigiana and Deliciciosa are an taxonomic synonym. This means they fall in the same taxon, but have a different form. (Source: Global Biodiversity Information Facility)

Take a look at the table below which illustrates the taxonomic hierarchy of the Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana.

Stem Structure

Examining a particular pattern of Monstera stems can help you to understand what the plant is.

The difference that distinguishes Monstera borsigiana from Deliciciosa is the gap that exists between the nodes. Nodes are round-shaped spots or parts that are found between the stems of the plant.

It is the place where branches, buds, or leaves appear. For the Monstera, it is the place which connects the petiole that holds a leaf on the stems main.

If you take a closer look, you see that there are more space between the nodes to the closest one of Borsigiana compared to the Deliciciosa.

This is why borsigiana tends to grow at a higher rate when it encourages forward with its new growth.

If your Monstera appears to be a bit chaotic, with leaves appearing near each other it could be Borsigiana.

However, your plant could be a different type in the sense that its petioles appear to be separated and distant from one another.


Apart from the distinct physical traits between Monstera Deliciosa and the Borsigiana Their prize is able to discern the difference.

Monstera Deliciciosa is an expensive plant, with prices that ranges from $20 to $100.

The price can be more based on the stores location, location, and the seller. Borsigiana is, however, less expensive.

You can check it out on Amazon to verify and check.

Similarities to the Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana

We are about talk about the common features of Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana that are similar.

Perforated Leaf Structure

Both the Monstera Deliciciosa and borsigiana are well-known due the dark-green leaves that appear to have been cut by scissors.

The cuts that are made between leaves may vary in size in size, shape, and even appearance. They are usually oval or semi-round in shape.

The natural leaf holes are technically referred to as leaf fenestration.

The circular incisions that are found alongside the veins that run through the leaf are designed to improve the moisture and nutrient absorption from the Monstera.

This is the reason that the roots and the Monstera vine are battling to get water.

Furthermore, Monstera develops these perforated leaf structures to provide an adaptable response to the rain and wind pressure.

The holes permit rain to fall through them, and then directly onto the roots. They also provide a form of protection to the plant from damage caused by wind.

Both the Monstera Deliciosa and borsigiana are distinguished by the quality of the slit leaves.

However, keep in mind that these changes are a result of the growing age that the plants are in. Therefore, the leaves of younger Monstera might appear less slender and uncut for a while.

Leaf Shape

Although the leaves of Monstera Deliciosa are usually bigger than the borsigiana the leaf shapes are similar.

As they are in the same genus as flowers of the Arum family Monstera are also part of the Arum family. Monstera are cordate-shaped leaves.

The leaves resemble the shape of a heart. They have an incredibly cut base that extends across the wide and flat surface, which ends with an apex that taper.

Despite the holes that extend across the leaf edges in the middle, you can be able to picture it as the shape of a heart.

In general, Monstera deliciosa and borsigiana have leaves that are heart-shaped, though there are some that might not be perfectly cordiform.

Root System

In addition to the similar characteristics that are present in both the leaves Monstera Borsigiana and Deliciciosa They also share the identical root system.

Both of them have numerous aerial roots, which often referred to themselves as adventitious roots.

Aerial roots are those that grow down from the stem or up primary roots over the growing medium or the ground.

Aerial roots serve a variety of functions which include absorption of moisture, intake of nutrients, air exchange, and propagation.

Usually, people place their Monstera on the soil, and it slowly rises and exposes its roots.

Have you ever had the pleasure of seeing an orchid? Monstera, also known as borsigiana or deliciosa, makes use of its roots similar to those of orchids to move upwards on the ground.

The roots are sturdy and flexible enough to attach them to supporting structures like rocks, trees or walls.

Keep in mind that either Monstera Deliciosa or borsigiana grows aerial roots over the passage of time.

Therefore, you might only see the roots rising some distance from the air until they reach the ground when the plant grows.

Growth Requirements

As part of the same umbrella and the ever-growing demands for the Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana are very similar most often.

Continue reading to learn more about these tips for caring for your plants.


Monstera requires a well-drained and well-drained peat-based pot mix that is beautiful and be healthy.

Both the Monstera deliciosa and the borsigiana like soil that doesnt penetrate too quickly or slowly but at a moderate rate.

In addition, the growth of media that has a high organic content can lead to an energizing Monstera.


Select a container that has an outer diameter of two or four inches bigger than the root ball of the plant.

Pot the Monstera when its roots are spread across the sides and down to at the base of the dish, to minimize the risk of root growing outwards.

Also, avoid using excessively large pots in order to avoid the risk of waterlogging, which can seriously affect the health of your plants.


Monstera thrives in dappled light. Although it can withstand up to six hours of direct sun but too much exposure to sunlight could cause scorching and burning of its leaves.

It is also a pleasure receiving artificial light in times where there isnt enough sun to be a natural source.


You can place your Monstera Deliciosa or Borsigiana outside however make sure its under a canopy or shade.

The temperature that is rising over the Monstera preferential high temperature of 60oF-80oF (16oC up to 27oC) is not ideal for them.

Similar to a temperature that is falling to below (7oC) can cause the occurrence of frost or cold-related damage.


Monstera has a moderate water requirement. Therefore, it is possible to water the plant in dry soil to a depth of 2 to 3 inches below the surface.

Be careful not to drown or overwater your plant with a consistent watering routine.


Monstera doesnt require an excessive amount of fertilizer. Feed it with dry mix fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen throughout its period of active growth and then repeat the process every eight weeks throughout the year.

Increase gradually the quantity of the fertilizer and decrease your frequency for application, eventually.

Key Take Away

Here is a list of the most crucial details regarding Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana. They will allow you to distinguish the two despite being identical in many ways.

  • Contrary to what many believe Deliciosa is not the same as borsigiana. They differ in speed of growth, the leaves size, steam structures, the taxonomy, growth habit and even the cost.
  • Being part of the same family as Arum, Monstera deliciosa and Borsigiana share similar characteristics. This includes their leaf structure, root system and shape.
  • Management and care for Monstera Deliciosa and borsigiana are the same. The most effective maintenance tips include the use of a well-drained soil and the right-sized containers. Providing the proper amount of sunlight and water, fertilizer and temperature can also aid the growth of the plant.


Went from an inexperienced gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. I cover anything from general indoor plant guides and lawn care, to succulents and flowers. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)