Last Updated on July 22, 2022 by Stephanie
Everyone is obsessed with the variety of plants. One of the fancy indoor plants that you should not miss is jade and pearls pothos. Similar to the other cultivars of pothos it is also easy to maintain and grow, and youre likely be enjoying taking care of it.
Jade and pearls require a well-maintained potting mixes, control the amount of water you apply, avoid applying too much fertilizer, be aware of insects, trim and prune when needed, and finally remember to repotter. These are the essential things to keep a pothos plant well-maintained.
Table of Contents
What Do Pearls and Jade Pothos Look Like?
Pearls and Jade Pothos is an outcome of mutation-selection derived from the Marble Queen cultivar that was created in Florida.
It has smaller hearts-shaped leaves than Marble Queen and is generally smaller than different varieties of pothos. The leaves are a mix of gray, white colors.
Due to its compact size, jade and pearls are great indoor plants in pots. They can be placed on top of your center table to create a focal point.
They can be hung in baskets and let the leaves to loosen. The plant will display its stunning design in an indoor space.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Care Details
How to Care for Pearls and Jade Pothos?
Jade and pearl pothos arent easy to maintain. Pothos of all kinds are low maintenance. If it is in good state the plant is likely to flourish for a long period of time.
How to Water Pearls and Jade Pothos
If theres one thing that could quickly kill a pearl or jade, thats the overwatering.
While youve likely heard that pothos can be produced in water, its an entirely different matter when planted in soil.
The excess water can cause root rot, which could cause the demise in the plants. Check out this article to learn more about the prevention of pothos from root decay.
Pothos requires only moderate amounts in water. Only water when at least half of the soils surface is dry. Immerse the container until potting medium is completely filled.
The removal of water that is leaking out is crucial, as is making sure that there isnt any stagnant water has accumulated on the coaster of the pot.
If its watering your garden from bottom upwards make sure that there is the water isnt stagnant.
Additionally, avoid applying water to the top of the plant areas where the leaves get wet. This creates a humid environment that encourages an increase in pathogens, such as fungi. When you water, aim the water to the bottom of the plant and then into the soil.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Light Requirements
Certain plants are extremely sensitive when it comes to the requirements of light. However, were fortunate enough to know that pothos isnt like the other plants. It can be used in shade or sun, or at low levels of light.
If youre looking for the most beautiful jade and pearls, you should place them in an area that receives direct, bright sunlight. Exposure to sunlight directly can cause leaf burning and the fading of shades.
The proper amount of light is essential to keep a vibrant and varied appearance. Due to light deficiency the pothos leaves could become smaller.
Ideally, jade and pearls should get 63-80 percent shade (3250 to 2500 feet-c). If the shade is higher than 80 percent, youll see an absence of variegation, and the pothos will turn green. (Source: University of Florida)
While losing variegation isnt completely harmful to the well-being of the plant, it can significantly diminish the beauty of your jade and pearls.
As is a standard need for tropical plants, Pearls as well as Jade Pothos love the high levels of humidity. In reality youll need to mist regularly particularly during dry times.
Make sure you do the misting in the early morning to be able to evaporate in time.
If youre experiencing excessively dry air You could consider using humidifiers. It can instantly boost the amount of moisture in the air in your home without much effort on your part.
The grouping of plants is another method of increasing the humidity.
Pearls as well as Jade Pothos would prefer a warmer climate that has temperatures of 70-80 degrees (21-27 degrees Celsius). It is recommended for you to maintain the temperatures as close as possible to this range in order to avoid your pothos from becoming stressed.
Temperature fluctuations can be hazardous to plants, such as Pearls as well as Jade Pothos.
Be sure to keep your jade and pearls away from sources of drafts since they could cause mechanical harm.
The pothos you have can benefit from cooling effects from an air conditioning unit when its hot. Similar to that it will definitely benefit from additional insulation during winter and its freezing cold.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Soil
The right potting medium can greatly improve the well-being of your pearls and jade pothos. The most important thing to remember is that it must be well-drained.
The roots require oxygen to breathe and having sufficient pore space within the soil structure will aid in achieving this.
It is easy to purchase readily available gardening mixes at the garden stores to use for your pots.
This can be extremely helpful, especially for those who are new to the world of gardening.
If youd like make your own mix mix, the most recommended mixes for leaves are:
- One part of garden soil, or pot soil 1 part sand and 2 pieces peat moss
- One part of pine bark, two parts of peat moss
- One part of sand. 1 portion pine bark 1 part peat moss
Three of them can be used as a potting medium for pothos. (Source: UGA Extension)
It is also essential to clean the potting mix prior to placing them on your plants.
Pathogens thrive in soil over longer time periods and could cause disease upon your soil. The soils sterilization will eliminate the organisms that cause disease.
For this, you must make sure that the mix is moist prior to baking them at 180-200 to 200F temperatures for about an hour.
After the baking process, allow the mix to cool before using. Be sure not to sterilize the mixtures that contain perlite to prevent the release of fluoride within the soil.
Fertilizing Pearls and Jade Pothos
Jade and pearls arent heavy feeders, which means they dont require frequent fertilization. Actually, they have no reason to fertilize if the soils healthy and abundant in organic matter.
Its a common error to continue adding fertilizer to the soil, which causes the build-up of salt that can harm the plant.
To ensure your safety, check first the overall look of the pothos. Does it appear healthy and well-established? If so, you are able to skip fertilizer application.
If your plant is showing signs of slowing growth and the leaves do not appear vibrant the pothos may require some help.
Provide additional nutrients every month with a general fertilizer for houseplants. Reduce the amount of fertilizer to one-quarter of the original recommended amount.
Smaller pots require smaller quantities of fertilizer. The amount of fertilizer needed is less in the event of low light. In winter, when the plant is in rest, theres no need for fertilizers in any way.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Propagation
It is possible to propagate pearls and jade by cutting stems. The most popular method since pothos plants seldom flower, so saving seeds is almost impossible.
Additionally, its much more effective to grow cuttings since there is no need to wait for the seeds to develop to the size of a mature plant.
Another reason to consider is that stems cuttings aid in preserving the color of your jade and pearls. They will appear exactly like the plant it was derived from.
Here is the step-by procedure you can follow to help propagate your Pearls as well as Jade Pothos:
- Pick a healthy plant with at least one leaf on it.
- Create a diagonal cut that is at least a 1.5-inch length by using scissors or a sharp knife. The diagonal cuts provide a greater surface area, which will provide the roots more room to develop on. Be sure that the tools you use are cleaned and sterilized to stop the spread of disease.
- The part that was cut in the bottom in water until the roots begin to grow. Alternate the water from time interval to make sure its clear.
- Alternately, you can place the cut piece directly in the soil and let it to develop roots the soil. It will take 3-4 weeks for the roots to grow.
- The newly propagated plant should be watered when it is needed. Avoid exposing it to direct sunlight, especially after propagation.
- When the pothos has established the roots and are already established, you can slowly place them in an area that is more light-filled.
Quick Tip: When you trim your pearls and jade pothos to a certain extent, you should make it a routine to save the best ones to use in the process of propagation.
Repotting Pearls and Jade Pothos
Every potted plant requires repotting every now and then. As time passes and the soils quality decreases, roots become stuck and the plant grows out of its pot.
In order to keep your plant healthy, youll need move it into an area which will allow the roots more room to breathe.
Pothos can take up to a year before the need for repotting becomes necessary. Jade and pearls are smaller and grow at a slower rate than other cultivars of pothos. They dont require frequent repotting.
If you notice that your plant is becoming larger and the pot isnt visible, its a sign you should start repotting. The roots that are emerging out of pots require the same.
This is a step-by-step guide to follow for the following:
- Select a container that is at least two sizes bigger than the one you have previously. The concept is that it needs been proportional to the shape and size of your jade and pearls pothos. Containers must have drainage holes.
- Make the potting mix that has been sterilized and put it aside.
- The jade and pearls should be soaked in the pot that is already there and let it rest for an hour. This will loosen the soil, making it easier to manage.
- Take the root ball of the plant from the pot. Carefully loosen the roots, then shake off the soil that has been accumulated.
- Cut off old and dead roots. Keep only healthy roots. Healthy roots have white color. You can also trim certain stems that are above the ground, proportionally to the roots youve cut.
- Put a little bit of potting soil into the pot. Place the root ball of the pothos on top. The plants base should be positioned a bit lower than the surface in the container. It shouldnt be too deep or low.
- Fill in the gaps with remaining soil. Make sure that the plant is planted properly in the new pot. If the pot is not firm enough the plant will not be able to stand.
- The newly repotted plant should be watered and allow it to soak. Remove any excess water prior to placing it in a shaded area.
- Give the plant a little time to settle into the new surroundings. After it is settled, you can slowly move it to a more bright area.
Quick tip: Try Repotting in the afternoon, when theres less intense sunlight. Repotting can be a very stressful procedure for plants. If repotted plants are exposed to intense temperatures and light intensity they are likely to lose water and could turn brown.
Pruning and Trimming
Pothos is a climber with a habit. Since theyre vines, its normal for them to spread as they trail the stems.
Your jade and pearls will require trimming from time to the time to keep an attractive shape.
Theres no definitive rule of thumb on pruning your pothos. Its dependent on how quickly it grows and the size youd like to keep it.
Other situations call for pruning when aging and diseased leaves begin to appear.
If you wish for your jade and pearls to appear more bulkier You can try the pinching or gentle pruning.
This type of pruning should be performed regularly, where you cut off the tips and shoots of the vine while they are still young.
If you prefer your vine to fall down from its container it is possible to prune periodically.
Let for the pothos to develop and then trim the unwanted stems to the ground. This way, you can maintain the slim look of your plant.
Remember that when you are pruning, it is essential to make sure you use scissors or shears that are clean.
Infect them with 70 percent alcohol to eliminate harmful organisms. We dont wish to spread illnesses to our pothos, which is the reason we use this method.
You May Also Enjoy: Pearl and Jade Pothos Vs Marble Queen (Differences and Similarities)
Common Pearls and Jade Pothos Problems and How to Fix Them
Every plant journey has challenges throughout the process. This is a common occurrence in gardening, even if the plant you choose to plant is simple to care for.
In this article, well show you a glimpse of the potential problems youll face while taking care of your jade and pearls.
Well also provide solutions to the issues to help you be aware of what to do if they occur to your pothos.
While pothos is generally pest-free However, there are occasions that unwanted organisms from neighbouring plants can transfer host.
Jade and pearls have beautiful foliage , and we cant blame the insects if they are attracted by its beauty. The most common pests that can be attracted to your pothos include the following:
The pest is usually innocuous. Its not noticeable until your plant is severely affected.
Theyre small and range between 1/8 and 1/2 inches. They could be armored or soft scales based upon the type of animal.
They suck the sap from the plant by piercing tissues. They create lesions on the areas they feed, which causes to the leaves to change color from brown to yellow.
They also release honeydew on their surfaces, which also attracts other insects such as bees and ants.
How to Fix:
There are a variety of ways you can manage the weights. The first is to remove the scales manually after you have spotted them. This is the most fundamental approach you can employ for the field of pest control.
It is also possible to introduce a predator , such as lady beetles. The scales they eat, and this can help decrease the number.
You can also make use of horticultural oils and clean off the affected parts in the pothos.
The tiny, cottony creatures appear on the leaves and stems of your pothos are mealybugs.
Their colony could appear like a clump of white powder, making them easy to spot.
Similar to scales, they feed on plants by sucking sap. They cause damage to the plants tissues. Infected areas that are severely infected may die due to the destruction of the sap.
How to Fix:
If the problem is not too severe it is possible to control them by removing the mealybugs one at a time. Applying a cotton pad in alcohol can also aid in eliminating these organisms.
Another option is to spray water onto the affected areas. Use sufficient pressure so that they wash away completely.
Aphids are soft-bodied insects which are green in their color. They are found at the ends of the plants , where the young shoots and leaves grow.
They enjoy sucking on the sap, causing the plant to weaken. Plants infested with Aphids could begin to develop curly the leaves of the young shoots.
How to Fix:
You can make use of horticultural oils and insecticidal soaps to spray directly onto the Aphids. It is also possible to introduce an animal predator like lady beetles to reduce the population.
In certain situations, the removal of the affected part is required to stop the spread of the pest to other parts of the plant.
Another insect that could ruin the beauty of your Pearls as well as Jade Pothos is Thrips. While it is not common, this pest can be quite a nuisance for gardeners, particularly when it begins sucking plant sap out of its tissues. The affected area will appear gray or white.
How to Fix:
The physical control of thrips can be difficult. The best thing to do is to remove the area in which the thrips have settled within. You can also spray insecticidal soap in diluted form to eliminate them.
Spider mites are a frequent pest of jade pothos and pearls. Theyre tiny, moving organisms that occupy leaf surfaces of plants and form webs on the leaves. It is likely that you will be aware of them when the webbing begins to appear.
They harm plants by sucking up the liquids from the leaf. The damaged portion becomes brown, bronze or brown, and then ceases to exist. Infestations that are severe can cause the plant to die.
How to Fix:
Manually removing the insects is recommended once you have you have noticed. They will not cause damage to the pothos even if there are just a few of them.
Regularly removing any insect will eradicate the issue. If they persist in multiplying it is possible to apply the spray of water, oils for horticulture, and insecticide soap that has been diluted.
Another issue you could face in the course of your work is the spread of disease within your plant. There are three diseases that are common of pothos, according to Penn State University Extension. This includes:
Bacterial Leaf Spot
The cause of this disease is the pathogen Pseudomonas cichorii. When the leaf is infected, it are affected by the appearance of brown marks on their surfaces with an orange halo surrounding the. The leafs center will fall out, and then the leaf will die.
How to Fix:
Take out infected areas and dispose of the affected areas and dispose of them. It is essential to detect early symptoms of disease. The pathogens can cause a lot of harm to plants when not treated.
Do not sprinkle water on the plant as the foliage that is wet is more susceptible to the growth of pathogens.
Pythium Root Rot
It is caused by a pathogen known as pythium, this illness causes damage to the root of pothos. It is a disease that affects soils which is why it attacks the roots the beginning.
Youll be able to tell when the root is dying by the time stems turn soft black or brown while the leaf begin to turn yellow.
How to Fix:
To correct the issue To fix the issue, youll have to take the plant from the pot, and then cut off the decayed portion of the root. The remaining healthy roots should be treated with a fungicide. After that, plant it again in clean and clean soil.
Rhizoctonia Stem Rot
Another pathogen-related disease Rhizoctonialeads to cause stem the stem to rot. The plants stem that is located close to the soil can begin to die and then decay.
If you examine your soil for fungi, youll see the appearance of a white dusty coatings that are caused by the organisms themselves.
How to Fix:
Remove the affected stems and dispose of the affected stems and dispose of them. Apply fungicide on the remaining stems to combat the disease. It is also possible to transfer the pothos in a different container with clean soil.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Drooping
If your jade and pearls are drooping, theyre most likely to be the result of underwatering. Water is the main factor in maintaining the tough shape of your plant. If water levels are low cells shrink, and the plant will suffer.
Another reason could be exposure to extreme temperatures or intense light intensity. Both of these are extremely stressing for any plant.
How to Fix:
The plant should be watered immediately. The plant should get its old appearance back after a few hours. If its too hot and sunny move your plant to a shaded area.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Leaves Turning Yellow
The yellow leaves on plants can be a sign of a variety of things. It could be an indication of indication of excessive watering or nutrient deficiencies or the presence of pests, as well as the presence of an illness. Stress-related causes can impact the condition and health of your plant.
If theres too much liquid in soil there will an absence of oxygen, causing root die. In time, the damaged roots will begin to rot and wont be able to carry liquids and other nutrients into the upper part in the.
In the end, the aboveground part will suffer from the deficiency of water and nutrients, causing them to also die.
How to Fix:
If you see the leaves turning yellow because of excessive watering, make sure you first check the roots. Check how severe it is. In extreme cases it is essential to repot the area.
If the damage isnt too severe, you can simply hold off water for a few days until the plant is healed. Let your pothos receive ample light, so that the soil can dry out quickly.
This article provides more details on the importance of preserving pothos that has been overwatered..
Every plant must have all of the micro and macronutrients to survive. If one isnt present, the plant will die and suffer. Chlorotic leaves are usually a sign of nutritional deficiencies, particularly of manganese, iron, or zinc.
How to Fix:
The solution to this problem is easy. It is essential to provide the nutrients that are lacking the plant to grow.
But, you must be able to recognize the symptoms to determine the exact missing nutrient is.
If the coloration is at the ends of the terminals, affecting young leaves, its likely caused by iron deficiency.
If it starts from older leaves, then it is likely to be a zinc or manganese deficiency.
Presence of Pests
Weve previously mentioned that the majority of pests of indoor plants enjoy sucking the sap of leaves.
If youve noticed that the yellowing is accompanied by spots and lesions, then its likely due to pests.
Infection of a Disease
Another reason that could cause the leaf leaves turning yellow is presence of a specific disease.
The rot of the stem and root are likely to affect the condition of leaves. The inability of these parts can cause the leaves to not receive the necessary elements required to support their metabolic processes.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Brown Spots
Brown spots are an outcome of insects that mulch and destroy the leaf tissue.
Lesions that they leave on surfaces are marked spots that will turn brown after a certain period of time. They could be caused by infections caused by pathogens, such as the bacteria-related leaf spot.
How to Fix:
Brown spots are irreparable. If you wish to keep them to be hidden it is necessary to eliminate the affected areas. Be sure to treat the issue in accordance with the cause to avoid further damage.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Dying
Its generally difficult to eliminate jade and pearls pothos. If its in a state of decline, the place the place its in is in the worst condition.
The temperature may be drastically fluctuating , or the humidity is constantly lower or soil quality is extremely poor.
There are many possible causes. However, the most common reason is the result of a variety of stress that causes the plant to end up dying.
How to Fix:
If your jade and pearls are already in decline, then the most effective option to do is to save the healthy parts and place them in separate containers.
Clean the plant as you are able to save portions of it. After that, you can allow the remainder of the plant to reach its final stage.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Black Stem
The black stem is a sign of stem rot or root rot. These are illnesses that are caused by pathogens. The part that is rotting will usually be soft when it is touched. Most often the black part is odorous.
To find out more about the causes and possible solutions of the leaves of pothos turning black, check out this article.
How to Fix:
Repot your plant. Take out the affected parts and dispose of them. Apply fungicides to the plants.
Pothos generally possess a toxic nature. The majority of the Arum members have calcium Oxalates. The compound is crystallized and appears needle-like.
If cats and dogs ingest any plant part the calcium oxalates bind to the mouth cavity.
The result is mouth irritation, accompanied by an intense burning sensation and vomiting. and sometimes difficulty swallowing.
It is essential to consult an animal veterinarian if you think that your pet was poisoned.
As a method of prevention, be sure to keep your jade and pearls away from your cats and dogs.
Also, protect yourself by wearing gloves every time you work with it.
You might also like: Snow Queen vs. Marble Queen Pothos (Differences and similarities)
Pearls and Jade Pothos Care Tips
Here are some suggestions you should keep in mind to make sure that your pothos will be healthy and thrive:
Use Clean Potting Mix
To prevent future issues caused by diseases that are transmitted through soil ensure that you make sure you use healthy soil. Clean soil is one that has sterilized to kill bacteria that are already living in it.
Regulate Water Application
Water can be a potential enemy when it is used in excess. To avoid root rot and other fungal issues, be sure you give the right amount of water to your jade and pearls.
Don’t Overapply Fertilizer
Overfertilization can cause burning of the leaf and root tips. A lot of salt accumulation on the soil can cause an imbalance in the plants water since water is drained out of the root. Only apply fertilizer when it is it is necessary.
Watch Out for Pests
While pests are not common in indoor gardens, we cant minimize the risk.
It is important to check regularly and inspect your jade and pearls to check for foreign organisms.
Eliminate them using natural methods such as hand picking or Neem oil.
Prune and Trim As Needed
Pruning is beneficial for plants. It can encourage the development of fresh shoots. It can also encourage lateral growth and increase the size that your plant has.
Don’t Forget to Repot
The plants that are repotted will continue to thrive. Its as if theyre giving them a second chance at life. Its a good idea to refill your pothos whenever you need to, ensure that they continue to live.
The care for jade and pearl pothos requires no special care. Its the same as taking care of any other pothos plant.
When the conditions for growth are maintained and met The plant will most likely flourish and thrive.
There will be obstacles to overcome on the way, however there are always solutions for these challenges. Dont be afraid when you encounter one.
Its also best to be proactive to ensure you dont get into trouble on your garden with jade pothos and pearls.