It is difficult to watch your peperomia wilt or shed its leaves. Peperomia is a tiny, low-maintenance indoor plant with stunning foliage. The leaves, just like every other houseplant, are susceptible to fall and droop.
The main cause is overwatering. of leaf drop in Peperomia. The roots are damaged and prevents them from providing the plant with vital nutrients. Peperomia leaves can droop because of a deficiency in nutrients, pests, diseases, and extreme temperature.
There are a few ways to prevent peperomia leaves from falling. This article will cover all you must be aware of the beautiful peperomia, as well as how to take care of it. Keep reading for more helpful maintenance tips.
The Causes of Peperomia Leaves Falling Off
If your peperomia isn’t any anymore beautiful and attractive due to the fall of leaves it could be the cause.
1. Insufficient light
Healthy peperomia plants need the correct place and direction of the growth of the plant. Insufficient sunlight is the primary reason why peperomia leaves are dying.
In the absence of enough sunlight, peperomia cannot produce enough energy to sustain its leaves. Each year, it tries to reduce its energy use to ensure that it can survive.
- If your home isn’t able to access natural indirect light , or the furniture blocks the light, you can use the gorw light.
- Do not expose the plant to the direct sunlight.
- If you are planting in a greenhouse, make sure that the plant receives indirect light through windows.
2. Excess Watering
In excess water can cause the peperomia’s roots to turn brown and result in the dropping and withering of peperomia’s leaves. The process of watering the plant isn’t easy, mostly due to the uncertainty regarding the proper temperatures and humidity.
The process of watering radiators during the winter months, too isn’t easy. Overwatering remedies include:
- Do not water the plant during winter months when it is cold.
- Make sure the soil is moist prior to applying water to the plant
- Make sure the ground is dry, and then water it lightly
- It is also possible to add water to the plant at the bottom, so that it can hold the water for longer periods of time.
If you are not sure about the dangers of overwatering your peperomia plant The following steps could help:
- Place the pot that has been overwatered in the sun’s direct light and allow it to soak up the excess water.
- Remove the plant gently out of the pot.
- Examine the roots and trim the unhealthy and damaged ones with the scissors with a clean blade.
- Treat healthy roots by using an Fungicide.
- Repot the plant with fresh soil and a pot to allow it to flourish.
3. Underwatering The Plant
One of the main reasons that cause peperomia’s leaves to fall is when there isn’t enough or even the absence of water. It is important to examine the plant to determine the appropriate levels of water within the soil particularly when you observe dry soil.
If you don’t take this action immediately the roots will begin to shrink and weaken the plant.
In the end, plants may die due to inadequate nutrients and the lack of water flow to plants. Underwatering remedies include:
- It is important to water the plant regularly However, you must be cautious not to overwater it.
- It is recommended to soak the plant if the soil is not as dry as it ought to be.
The plant can be soaked by following the steps:
- Take the plant out of the pot, place it in a sink and then fill the basin with cold water.
- Plant the plant in the drainage hole, and let the plant to sit for not less than 30 minutes.
- If you don’t feel the soil is dry, you can sprinkle water on the plant at the top to help with the saturation.
- In the event that you do happen to dampen the soil, it is best to remove it by laying the plant on the sink.
- Then, put the plant back to its pot, and then take it back to the property where it belongs.
4. Damp Soil
The peperomia plant thrives in the woods and not in soil. If you decide to plant it at home, it is essential to maintain the soil.
If the soil is not properly draining, the plant begins to wilt. The soil that is damp deprives the plant of oxygen and causes the roots to degrade.
Therefore, the leaves will start to curl, and If they are not properly maintained the leaves will begin to fall. It is possible to fix problems with damp soil by doing these things:
- Choose the right soil to plant it. You can choose to make use of coarse soil or a mix of peat moss and perlite.
- The pot should be drained to stop the soil from soaking.
5. Planting Incorrectly
It’s a common error for those who love radiator plants to plant it in a blocked container or pots. This prevents the soil from draining the excess water. This issue can be solved by:
- Making holes in the base of the container to let out excess water quickly
- Do not plant in large pots as they can retain water for long periods of time.
6. Low Humidity
Although peperomia thrives under humid environments, peperomia leaves curling and falling could occur if humidity is not sufficient.
The presence of an AC and heating unit could cause your home to become dry. In the result, the leaves start to shrink and curl. To increase the humidity, you could:
- Mist the leaves of the plant frequently
- Purchase a humidity gauge to control the levels of humidity
7. Extreme Temperatures
Peperomia thrives in temperatures of 65-80 For 18-27 degC. The rate of transpiration is influenced by temperatures.
The scorching temperatures cause the leaves to drop regularly. The higher temperatures suggest that the plant loses more water than it eats.
If this isn’t corrected promptly, the leaves begin falling down and the plant may end up dying. This can be solved by:
- Planting the plant on a tray filled with pebbles and water
- Do not place the plant in proximity to the sun’s rays and other heat sources such as fireplaces.
- Keep it away from the air conditioning units.
8. Fertilizer Application Mistakes
As with all plants it is essential to use fertilizers on the peperomia plant in a proper manner. In excess fertilizer causes the roots of the plant to turn brown and prevent them from supplying the plant with oxygen as well as nutrients.
If the problem is not addressed If the plant is not corrected, it will begin losing its vigor as the leaves begin to turn yellow weaker and then begin to fall.
If you think that the drop is due to over-fertilization, you can look into the following solutions:
- Sprinkle water on the soil and let it drain for a few minutes.
- It is also possible to transfer the plant onto new soil.
- Use diluted liquid fertilizer
- Utilize slow-release pellets to control the amount.
Other fertilizer-related cautions include:
- Fertilizing every week or before the start of the season for planting.
- Do not fertilize during winter.
9. Water Quality
Although you may be able to overlook the quality of the water you use to water the plant, it could be a surprise to discover the quality can cause the leaves to drop. The tap water is full of chlorine, chemicals and salts that can have a significant impact on the plant.
The best solution to use tap water is to use water that has been filtered. It is considered to be the best option because it is free of chemicals that can harm the plant. It is also possible to use melting snow or rainwater instead or tap water.
10. Infestation By Insects, Pests, And Diseases
One of the issues that you face when you are growing plants is the possibility of infestations and diseases. It is evident when you notice curly leaves that may begin to fall.
Insects such as fungus gnats develop in moist soils, which cause dehydration , and then falling from the leaf.
You can get rid of pests and insects by:
- Spray insecticides such as Neem oil on the leaves, stems, and soil for no less than a week.
- Alternately, you can apply insecticide soaps.
The root of the plant can begin to turn brown and cause leaves to fall, which can ultimately result in the peperomia beginning to end up dying.
The root damage is caused by which are the result of overwatering and a drained soil. You can avoid the spread of diseases and damage to roots by avoiding excessive watering.
11. Natural Aging
As with all plants, peperomia is susceptible to age. If this happens it is not something that you could do.
Whatever you choose, you can purchase an updated radiator and appreciate the benefits of having one at your home.
12. Compact Soil
If the soil is too wet, it can become dense and causes the roots to decay or infest it with parasite infections.
The compact soil also hinders the growth of the root and causes the leaves to fall. When you are caring for the peperomia plant, make certain to soak the soil with water thoroughly. (Source: Department of Plant and Soil Science)
13. Cold Draft/Frost
Cold drafts hinder the plants in the indoor environment from growing. This is due to extreme frost as well as the inability to tolerate lighting conditions.
It is recommended for you to maintain your plants out from front doors and windows that are open radiators, heating units.
14. Yellowing And Leaves Falling
It is caused by decaying roots or fungus gnat larvae. The most effective solution is to repot and involves removing decaying roots and moving the plant into a new pot that is fertiliser-free.
Because the plant isn’t able to develop into a large flower, it’s recommended to repot it every 2 to 3 years. This will prevent the soil from becoming compacted, increasing the likelihood of roots becoming rotten.
You May Also Enjoy: Brown Spots on Peperomia (Causes and How to Fix It)
How To Prevent Peperomia Leaves From Dropping
The drooping of leaves does not always mean that the plant is suffering from problems. For instance, old leaves are able to be removed to make way for new ones.
However, before deciding to rule out the possibility of aging, you should determine whether the soil is dry or has excess water. The following steps can be taken to stop the leaves from falling:
- Always check the soil’s dryness by dipping your finger one inch into the soil and if you feel it is dry, then you should sprinkle water on it.
- Do not water in winter as your plant has plenty of water.
- Let the soil rid itself of excess water, then dry out after watering, allowing nutrients and water for the root system.
- A gentle watering every week and once a month during the growing season is the ideal solution.
- It is a good idea to plant the plant in every 2 or 3 years.
- Plant your garden in shade away from the direct sun.
- Fertilize the plant in 6 months (Source: University of Florida, IFAS)
Other problems with peperomia
In addition to the dropping of leaves the peperomia is accompanied by additional issues. This includes:
- The dull leaves are the result of the direct exposure to sunlight. It is possible to avoid this by relocating the plant to a shade.
- The discoloration of plants and leaves is result from overwatering. You can avoid this by permitting the container to drain excess water. It is also recommended to stop water from falling onto the leaves.
- Holes in leaves: caterpillars are responsible for this. It’s not an issue since the infestation usually disappears when pupae develop.
- Stunted plantsare caused by mealybugs which are visible on the leaf’s lower part If left untreated the plant may end up dying.
- Edges that are shaved and t leaves curving downwards as a result of termite damage.
- Pesticides are a great method to get the termites out of your home.
How often do you need to water the Peperomia?
Peperomia plants can retain water for a long time It is recommended to not water for a few days on the leaves and stem. If you wish to see them flourish, you must be patient until your soil is dry. Set a routine for each week to water it regularly for stunning outcomes.
What is the reason why Peperomia leaves change color?
If you see spots of brown or black on the stem or leaves, it is important to be aware of the needs for the plants. Most often the presence of black spots indicates illnesses like phyllosticta leaf spots, like Cercospora leaf disease, or Rhizoctonia affect the plant.
The most effective way to treat this problem is to isolate the plant from other plants by removing its leaves and trimming it. Be sure to get rid all affected parts. Check out this article to learn more.
What is the reason why Peperomia leaves curled?
It’s not common for leaves to begin curling. If it does happen it is important to know that your plant is infested by bugs. Deficiency in calcium can cause the leaves to curl. This can result from excessive watering in an acidic environment like peat.
The overwatering process is believed to be the primary reason for peperomia’s leaves to drop. The reason is that the plant thrives in woodland zones, so keeping it in other areas requires more attention. If you wish for your plant to thrive it is recommended to be careful when you water the plant.