If you’re looking to cultivate a healthy, flourishing Burle Marx Philodendron, this article will help you succeed. The philodendron Burle Marx is a tropical evergreen species of plant with numerous stems and large, oval, green leaves. Burle Marx Philodendrons are low maintenance plants that thrive in well-structured, moist, fertile soil and in an area that receives indirect sunlight and moderate to high levels of humidity.
The Philodendron Burle Marx ( Philodendron burle-marxii) is part of the arum family, and is among the most sought-after houseplants around the world. The philodendron variety is named in honor of Burle Marx who was the famous Brazilian designer of the landscape ( Calvacanti and others. 2011,).
Burle Marx philodendrons are simple to cultivate and care for. Their vibrant, striking foliage adds a tropical feel to indoor spaces.
Philodendron Burle Marx exhibits an clumping habit of growth and produces a variety of stems. Leaves of Burle Marx Philodendron are huge oval, glossy and glossy, with sharp edges and lobed margins and the roots are located beneath and above that of the ground (as the aerial root).
Philodendron Burle The flowers of Marx are similar to the flowers of arum lily, however the plant doesn’t produce flowers when they are grown indoors.
Burle Marx Philodendron Care Guide
The ideal growing conditions for philodendron Burle Marx are similar to those of most tropical or sub-tropical houseplants (www.ladybug.uconn.edu). The philodendron species thrives in humid, warm conditions and in soil that is moist, loose and fertile soil. Burle Marx philodendrons thrive best in indirect but bright light.
Philodendron Burle Marx Water Requirements
Since P. burle-marxii is a plant that grows in an area of tropical climate and require regular watering to ensure adequate soil moisture levels. Burle Marx philodendrons also require sufficient water to grow and keep their huge leaves and stems. They are fleshy, soft and supple.
The soil used for Burle Marx philodendron needs to remain damp throughout the pot however, it shouldn’t be soggy.
In the summer season the philodendron Burle Marx requires a weekly irrigation or when the soil begins drying out. The plants may require more frequent watering than once per week during dry, hot times.
In the winter months, Burle Marx philodendron don’t require regular watering since they go into dormancy. A watering schedule of every 2 to 3 weeks during the winter cold months is typically enough to ensure that the philodendron Burle Marx plants healthy.
It is suggested to water your plants less often and allow for the soil to dry out at times in winter, since the plants are in dormancy during this time of the year. Lower soil moisture levels in winter can also lower the chance of developing fungal diseases.
Philodendron Burle Marx Light Requirements
The Philodendron Burle Marx plant species have evolved to forest environments that have low levels of light, therefore they are tolerant of bright but indirect sunlight. The vast size of the P. burle-marxii leaves allows the plant to produce photosynthesis effectively without the need for intense direct sunlight.
Although Philodendron Burle Marx thrives in indirect light They can be benefited by exposure to direct sunlight during the cold winter months, which are cloudy and cold.
Burle Marx Philodendron Soil Requirements
For Burle Marx philodendron plants to thrive, the plants require soil with an appropriate structure, nutrient content, and pH level (www.mrec.ifas.ufl.edu).
The perfect soil for P. Burle-Marxii is one that has good drainage as well as aeration and water retention capacity. Avoid soils with heavy clay for the cultivation of Burle Marx Philodendron. Soil mixes for Philodendron Burle Marx must contain at minimum 50 percent peat moss, vermiculite, coco coir or perlite. These substances will provide adequate drainage, aeration, as well as water retention capacity.
There are many soil recipes for philodendron. Burle Marx suggest as much as 100 percent peat moss or another material to aerate. The ratio of aerating materials can increase the oxygen levels surrounding the roots. However the plants will require more frequent fertilizer application to make up for the absence of organic matter in the expanding media.
Philodendron Burle Marx requires soil which is rich in nutrients. The most effective way to accomplish this is to have an abundance of organic matter present in your soil. Earthworm castings or compost are great source of organic material in Burle Marx soil mixes.
Philodendron Burle Marx can tolerate an array in soil pH, but prefers soil that is mildly acidic. The ideal pH that is suitable for Burle Marx philodendron ranges from 6.0 up to 6.5.
Philodendron Burle Marx Temperature Requirements
Philodendron Burle Marx thrives best in warm climates and prefers temperatures between 69F between 69F and 75F.
When Philodendron Burle Marx plants are exposed to extreme heat the stems begin to wilt and the leaves turn dried and dark brown. They are more susceptible to temperatures that are cold. If temperatures drop to below 65F the rate of growth of Burle Marx philodendrons decreases drastically, and the leaves become brown, and eventually die.
However, as with other species of philodendron, P. burle-marxii is a sturdy house plant, which means it can withstand short periods of extreme temperatures and cold, both in the indoors as well as outdoors.
In areas where there is frost in winter, it could be beneficial to relocate potted P. burle-marxii plants inside or move them to a secure position that has higher temperatures.
Philodendron Burle Marx Humidity Requirements
Philodendron Burle Marx requires humid conditions to ensure their health and develop to the fullest extent. Although the relative humidity in tropical forests ranges from 70%-80 percent, Burle Marx philodendron grows best when the relative humidity is at or above 60 percent.
In hot, dry conditions, the humidity can be raised to the ideal range for P. burle-marxii by misting them using plain water. The placement of the plants on tray that are filled with water is extremely effective in increasing the level of humidity around the plants.
Extremely high humidity is not an issue for Philodendron Burle Marx, but the high levels of humidity could cause fungal diseases in the event of inadequate airflow within the area that is growing.
Fertilizer For Burle Marx Philodendron
The majority of general-purpose fertilizers that are suitable that are suitable for houseplants can be used with Burle Marx Philodendron. Slow-release liquid fertilizers as well as fast-acting dry fertilizers can be used on the philodendron plant with equal effectiveness. The most important thing to consider is whether the fertilizers contain the right quantities and proportions of nutrients.
Burle Marx philodendron requires fertilizers that have balanced, complete nutritional profiles. The fertilizers must contain all of the plant nutrients essential to life including both the secondary, and trace nutrients in a proper ratio to one, and not having excessively high levels for any particular nutrients.
Since Philodendron Burle Marx are cultivated mostly for their huge green leaves They require a fertilizer that is able to provide nitrogen.
Burle Marx philodendron may have slightly more nutrient requirements than the other types of houseplants. It may require more frequent fertilizer applications during the summer time of growth.
Re-Potting Philodendron Burle Marx
Burle Marx philodendron should be potted every couple of years to ensure that the plants are healthy. The most obvious indication that it’s time to pot Burle Marx Philodendron plants is when the roots begin sprouting out from the drainage holes in the pots.
If the plants aren’t overly large it is possible to determine whether they require to be relocated by lifting them gently from their pots. If you notice that the roots are moving throughout the ground, it’s an immediate and clear signal that it’s time to move them into a bigger container.
It is usually recommended to pot the Burle Marx philodendron in the size that is slightly bigger than the size of the container originally. The new container should not be greater than two or four inches larger than the previous container.
Repotting a plant into a pot that is too large can be difficult to keep the proper moisture levels due to the excessive amount of soil compared to the dimensions of the plants.
This could increase the chance of over-watering or under-watering the philodendron Burle Marx plants.
If it is possible, Burle Marx philodendron should be potted again in the same type of soil mix that was used in their original pots. This can reduce transplant shock and ease the plant’s transfer into their new pots.
It is highly recommended to amend the soil of the containers by adding dry fertilizer or organically modified with organic matter to ensure the plants are nourished enough to continue their expansion in the new, larger containers.
Pruning Burle Marx Philodendron
Philodendron Burle Marx plants do not require pruning. But, you can trim Burle Marx philodendrons without causing any damage for the plant.
One of the main reasons to trim Burle Marx philodendron is to get rid of dead or dying foliage.
Another reason for pruning the philodendron Burle Marx is the need to manage their shape and size. Pruning is often required when the plants are becoming too wide or tall, or if they’ve been weakened and leggy due to not getting enough sunlight.
A clean, sharp blade is essential when trimming Burle Marx Philodendron plants. This can minimize the any damage to the plants and increase the speed of their recuperation process.
The ideal time to cut back the philodendron Burle Marx is in the spring prior to the start of the growing season, or in autumn after the plants have slowed down their growth rate and have entered into dormancy.
Propagation Of Philodendron Burle Marx
Philodendron Burle Marx is simple to propagate. It can also be cultivated from seeds, but they are often propagated through cuts and then air layering.
Burle Marx cuttings of philodendron (or Clones) may grow roots in soil or water. The cuttings should measure two to four inches long. The cuttings should be cut just below the growing node (where new leaves sprout on the plant).
The cuttings are then put directly into a container filled with water until roots begin growing. If you intend to plant the cuttings in soil first put them in a container for one or two weeks.
This will allow the wound to dry out and then heal into the appearance of a callus. After the wound has healed, the cut is prepared to be transplanted in the earth.
After you have the cuttings from Burle Marx philodendron have been placed in the soil or water placed in a place that is able to receive indirect, gentle light. A good amount of light is essential to allow the cuttings remain alive and begin to produce the new roots.
Air-layering is a different method of propagation for Burle Marx philodendrons. This technique involves cutting the stem beneath a node and then covering it with a tiny peat moss ball. The peat moss then gets wrapped loosely in clear plastic to keep the moisture level while allowing airflow.
In the space of one to two months, roots begin to form within the peat moss. The newly-rooted plant is removed of the plant and then transplanted (without any material) into a container filled with soil.
Common Problems With Philodendron Burle Marx
Burle Marx Philodendrons are strong, durable plants, but they’re not invincible. Here are a few most common issues that are encountered by P. burle-marxii plants.
Yellow Or Brown Leaves
The most frequent issue that is encountered with Burle Marx philodendron is the browning or yellowing of leaves. The reason this happens is due to the many possibilities for the cause.
Philodendron Burle Marx leaves naturally turn brown or yellow when they die. In this instance there is nothing to be concerned. Dead or dying leaves are typically taken away from Burle Marx philodendron in order to improve airflow and improve their appearance. plant.
Burle Marx leaves can change color from brown to yellow when they are over-watered or not properly watered.
Examine the levels of moisture within the soil. When the soil appears damp and takes longer than a week before it starts drying, it means that the over-watering may be making the leaves change color from brown to yellow.
The leaves of the philodendron Burle Marx may also turn brown or yellow when the plants are afflicted by diseases and pests.
Yellowing of leaves on Burle Marx philodendrons can be caused by nitrogen deficiency. The yellowing caused by nitrogen deficiency is evident first on the old leaves that are at the base of the plant.
The reason is that the soil isn’t able to absorb enough nitrogen, so plants are storing nitrogen in old leaves and transferring the nitrogen to new growth on high up on the plant.
The most obvious option is to use nitrogen fertilizer. The majority of all-purpose fertilizers contain enough nitrogen to cover the deficiencies and ensure that the new growth remains healthy, green and lush. Get rid of those old green leaves because they won’t benefit from the fertilizer application.
Not Enough Sunlight
Although Burle Marx philodendrons aren’t fond of being in direct sunlight, they are also affected in the absence of sunshine!
The absence of sunlight is a typical issue for P. burle-marxii, as this is typically cultivated in indoor spaces.
Insufficient sunlight is also a typical issue for Burle Marx philodendrons because it is difficult to determine exactly how much indirect light is enough to satisfy the needs of these plants.
Common indicators of Burle Marx Philodendron plants don’t get enough sun typically are:
- Leggy growth that has a wide space between the leaf nodes.
- slow rate of growth,
- leaves too small
- A lack of leaf variegation.
If your philodendron Burle Marx plants require more light, place the plants in brighter indirect sunlight. If you put the plants less than one or two feet of the south-facing window (if you’re located in Northern hemisphere) will solve the issue.
Locating a spot with the right amount of sun could require some trials and errors, and depends on the direction and the light exposure of your new space and also the local climate and season.
Pests: Spider Mites And Mealybugs
Burle Marx philodendrons don’t typically have issues with pests caused by insects. But, Burle Marx plants might be susceptible to problems with insects like spider mites or mealybugs if they are in a poor growing environment and are stressed and unhealthy.
Spider mites usually appear on the lower surfaces of Burle Marx Philodendron leaves. The mites are either red or orange, and they have an appearance reminiscent of spiders, but it is difficult to discern by the naked eye since they are tiny.
Spider mites feed on the sap from Burle Marx Philodendron leaves. As they feed spider mites accidentally become vectors for many plant ailments.
They leave tiny white spots in the leaf. Webbing of fine white is evident in the later stages of infestations by spider mites.
Mealybugs are another insect that can cause issues for Philodendron Burle Marx plants which are stressed and unhealthy due to exposure to poor growth conditions and neglect or improper fertilization or watering.
These fuzzy, white pests are bigger that spider mites. They consume the sap of the stems of Burle Marx Philodendron plants and leave a white powdery substance on the plant. Mealybugs also create an extremely viscous, sugary honeydew-like liquid that draws harmful black molds to plants.
Mealybugs are much more easily to identify and eliminate as spider mites. Mealybugs are easily removed manually. Black mold and mealybugs must be removed from the plants using a mild disinfectant solution made of water and hydrogen peroxide or vinegar.
Tips For Growing Philodendron Burle Marx
An excellent tip for increasing the humidity of Burle Marx philodendron using an ice tray is adding small pieces of pebbles into the tray.
The pebbles absorb water, and slowly release it to the surrounding air surrounding the plants, keeping humidity higher for a longer period of time.
Best Products for Philodendron Burle Marx
Perlite, peat moss, vermiculite, and coco Coir are among the top products to grow Philodendron Burle Marx. These materials offer exceptional air circulation to the soil mix which allows the plant’s roots to receive enough oxygen to support the rapid growth rate of their roots.
Where Can I Buy Philodendron Burle Marx?
Philodendron Burle Marx plants are not uncommon. They are readily available at the majority of nurseries and garden shops which sell houseplants that are commonly grown. You can also purchase Burle Marx philodendron from Walmart and Amazon.
Frequently Asked Questions People Ask About Burle Marx Philodendron
I’ve covered the majority of the essential information you be aware of when the growing Burle Marx Philodendron. If you’re interested in knowing more about the species, here are some questions people often ask about this unique philodendron plant.
Is Burle Marx Philodendron Fast Growing?
As with many species of tropical plants, Burle Marx Philodendron is rapidly expanding. Healthy Philodendron Burle Marx plants will grow between 2 and 4 inches per week throughout the time of the growing season!
The rate of growth for P. burle-marxii is the highest when they are in optimal conditions for growth. In order to achieve a growth rate of between two and four inches per each week Burle Marx plants require bright indirect lighting throughout the daytime.
Burle Marx philodendrons grow the most vigorously in temperatures that are warm and moderate to high levels of humidity. They also have a fast growing when they are planted in soil that is well-aerated and receive sufficient (but not overly) quantities of water and fertilizer.
Is Philodendron Burle Marx Toxic?
Philodendron Burle Marx plants are moderately toxic (but not deadly) for animals and humans. The plants are a source of an organic compound known as calcium oxalate. It may cause irritation to the stomach and esophagus if consumed.
Calcium oxalate may also cause irritation to the skin , causing itching when getting into contact with plant sap.
However, if you apply the common good sense, Burle Marx philodendron plants are completely suitable for handling. Calcium oxalate doesn’t reside found on the outside of the plant, therefore it is easy to stay clear of getting into contact with the organic compound that is mildly toxic.
Can Philodendron Burle Marx Grow In Water?
Philodendron Burle Marx is able to grow in water and be well-maintained for long time. If properly cared for Philodendron Burle Marx plants can thrive in water for a long time.
P. burle-marxii is usually planted in water to propagate the plant. Cuttings of stems are removed from the parent plant and then placed in water for a few weeks. When the stem cuttings have developed enough healthy roots, they are sown in a pot filled with soil.
If you are propagating or growing Burle Marx philodendrons in water, it is best to use distilled or filtering water. It is possible to use tap water, but allow it to remain in an unclosed container for at minimum 24 hours in order for the chlorine to disperse.
It is essential to regularly change the water that Burle Marx Philodendron plant are growing with fresh water. If the water that was used is not changed then the plant’s roots begin to get unhealthy and ill. Change the water in containers every 2 to 4 days would be recommended.
It is also recommended to add a small amount of liquid fertilizer into the water in case Burle Marx philodendron plants are growing roots and have been in the water for a few weeks or more.