How to Grow and Care for Philodendron Giganteum

To take care of the Philodendron Giganteum is essential to ensure that they get enough lighting and water, and so that you follow the requirements of your soil, and that you feed them with a balanced fertilizer that will give nutrients. Learn how to propagate, cut and tackle common issues like pests, to ensure the health of your plant.

A long-time favourite of gardeners and nursery growers, philodendron giganteum is a houseplant that is easy to grow and is admired by its large hearts-shaped, glossy leaves. However, it can be somewhat tense.

It isn’t as robust like other plants, and may be susceptible to wilting and pest infestation, particularly if not taken care of properly.

This article will provide all that you should know about how to effectively care for your Philodendron giganteum. We’ll also address some commonly asked questions.

What Is a Philodendron Giganteum?

A philodendron giganteum can be described as an indigenous tropical plant to Brazil that can reach up to 10 feet in height as well as thrives under indirect sun and partial shade. It’s a broad species of flowering plants belonging to the Araceae family which is a sought-after plant for the home because of their ease to cultivate.

Philodendron giganteum can be grown with little natural light and thrives in water or soil.

They are characterized by dark, intense green leaves that have shiny shine. the underside of the leaf is red.

This plant is ideal for office or home environments because it purifies the air by absorption of toxins like formaldehyde and carbon monoxide. Additionally that philodendrons are among the most easy plants to maintain and therefore, it is a great plant for novices.

Philodendron Giganteum Watering Requirement

The most crucial aspects of taking care of plants is to ensure that you follow the requirements for watering your plant. This is the same for watering the philodendron giganteum.

For the proper watering of your philodendron it is important to ensure that the soil is damp but not too wet.

Too much watering can cause root rot. Watering too little can cause leaves to drop. The most effective way to determine whether the plant’s ready to begin watering is to look at the top 2 to 3 inches (2.54-5.08 cm) of soil. If it’s dry then give it a thorough bath until water runs out from in the base of your pot.

Philodendron giganteum is a heavy drinker and require more frequent irrigation than other plants particularly when they are growing and young.

Wilting is a fairly sure indication that your plant requires water. However, this may be caused by excessive sun exposure, a lack of fertilization, or the type of soil.

Philodendron Giganteum

Philodendron Giganteum Soil Requirement

The role of soil is crucial in making sure that the plant’s roots are supplied with air and nutrients. In order to achieve this, it requires the right type of soil suitable for the philodendron giganteum.

Philodendron giganteum is a species that is a lover of humidity and moisture and requires a well-drained, rich soil.

For instance:

  • It is possible to use a basic potter’s mix that has peat moss to aid in drainage.
  • It is also possible to use the cactus mix and perlite to aid in drainage and retention of moisture.

Philodendron Giganteum Light Requirement

Philodendron giganteum is a simple plant to cultivate and thrives in indirect sunlight. It is actually one of the plants that can thrive in shade since it is able to photosynthesis even at extremely low levels of light.

However, philodendron giganteum require a lot of indirect sunlight. If they are exposed to too much light, the leaves will change to into a lighter shade of green or the leaves could burn. Don’t place it in a place that receives the sun’s direct beams.

South and west facing windows can be the best. They’ll also be content in a north-facing window , if it’s well-lit.

Temperature

Before you decide on a place to house your philodendron giganteum plant, you must first get an understanding of its habits and the conditions that are required to ensure its survival.

Philodendron giganteum needs an average temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degC) and must be kept at temperatures not lower than 10 degrees Celsius (50 degF) in the evening.

They require warm and humid temperatures to thrive and survive and thrive in indirect, bright light. there may be growth in direct sunlight if it’s blocked by a window or sheer curtains.

Temperatures that are too cold can result in damage to the plant, however overheating can be a problem too. Therefore, do not place your plant near heating or cooling units, as this could cause the plant to die.

Humidity

The name implies the philodendron species is indigenous to tropical forests, where temperatures and humidity are at their highest all year long.

In order to develop properly for your garden, you must recreate the natural environment within your house as closely as feasible. For instance, if the humidity levels are low and the air doesn’t circulate freely then the leaves will begin to wilt and then die.

Make sure you have adequate ventilation and keep the humidity high around the plant by misting the foliage with water or placing your pot in a tray filled with pebbles that are wet.

Fertilizer

Philodendron giantanteum proprietors must be aware of the correct timing and fertilization method for the plant.

The requirements for fertilizer in philodendrons are minimal and fairly easy to follow. However, it is recommended to fertilize your plant every month in the growing season that is between spring and summer.

If the plant is in dormancy it is best to not fertilize it. It is also possible to provide your plant with philodendron giganteum twice every month in the summer and spring months by using an organic fertilizer that releases slowly.

It is crucial to feed your philodendrons in the summer and spring months since they are growing rapidly. If you feed these plants with food during these seasons you will increase the amount of flowers your plant will produce and assist it to expand faster.

Make use of any fertiliser for plants that is balanced, however, avoid fertilizers with excessive nitrogen levels since this can cause slow growth. The best fertilizers for water-soluble plants are Philodendrons.

Philodendron Giganteum Repotting

It is easy to determine the need to repot by the appearance of roots sprouting out of the drainage holes in on the base of the container. Also, you will notice that the soil stays wet for longer periods than normal every time you water the plant.

This signifies that water isn’t being absorbed as quickly as it was before and there isn’t drainage from the soil. This is a sign that the pot you have been too small for the philodendron you have, and you need a new one.

Follow these steps to repot your plant:

  1. Remove the plant gently from the container. Set it on a firm surface, with the roots facing upwards.
  2. Cut off dead or damaged stems, leaves, or roots. Use an oblique, tidy garden shears or a pair of scissors.
  3. Release the root ball beginning from the bottom and work upwards. It is essential to do this prior to placing your plant into the new container, since once it’s in the container, it is difficult to remove without harming the root system or leaves of the philodendron giganteum plant.
  4. Apply an even layer of potting soil on the bottom of the container. It should be moist but not wet.
  5. Plant your philodendron giganteum in its new container and plant it in soil. The soil could also be damp.

Propagation

The ideal season to propagate Philodendron is in the summer and spring months however, you can also propagate them at almost anytime.

The process of propagating a philodendron is simple and you can turn one plant into several. Philodendrons are able to grow from stems So all you require is an incredibly sharp knife, some rooting hormoneand pot dirt or even water.

Propagating Philodendrons Giganteum

Begin the propagation process with the water or in a well-drained soil. Here’s how:

Things you’ll need

  • Philodendron cutting
  • Sharp knife
  • Rooting hormone
  • Potting soil or jars of water
  1. Cut a piece of the stem of the mature Philodendron giganteum parent plant. It is possible to do this by cutting off a healthy limb using the help of two to three leaves at approximately 10-centimeters (4 inches) long.
  2. Make use of sharp garden shears or scissors for this step. Be sure to remove all leaves from the lower portion of the stem to ensure that you don’t harm the parts of the stem in soil or water at following steps.
  3. Place your cut in the water with glass jars, with enough space for the roots to develop. Replace the water every second day.
  4. If you are planning for your new plant to be planted into soil, choose an potting mix that is well drained. Keep the cut in a cool area and away from direct sunlight for about 4-6 weeks.

The cutting will root and then begin to produce new growth. When you notice the new growth, you can relocate your plant into a more bright spot, but keep it away from direct sunlight.

Pruning

The plant is able to be cut back at any point of the year without any fuss. However, it is best to wait until the new growth begins to appear prior to trimming the philodendron, so you know the areas where it will grow branches.

Here’s how to trim your plant:

  1. The philodendron should be watered thoroughly to ease cutting, then trim the large leaves using sharp pruning shears or scissors. Cut the stem of the leaf 2 inches (5.08 cm) lower than the base of the leaf. Leave the smaller leaves uncut to ensure that your philodendron doesn’t get top heavy with excessive foliage. It could topple over.
  2. Cut off dead branches and stems as close as you can to the point of their beginning without cutting into living tissue. This will stimulate your philodendron to grow from this region while keeping its original shape.

If you’re cutting back a plant that is overgrown remove one-third of the stems that were once used cutting each one just above the leaf node (the point at which a leaf joins the stem).

Common Problems With Philodendron Giganteum

Philodendron giganteum can be affected by a variety of bugs and issues.

They include:

  • The leaves are turning yellow due to the water submerging
  • The root rot is caused by excessive watering
  • Pests like mealybugs, spider mites and Fungus Insects such as gnats

Here’s how to recognize these issues so that you can take action when they occur.

Yellow or Brown Leaves

The most frequent reason for brown or yellow leaves on a philodendron is a lack of water. The plant is likely to lose the lower leaf first, and if the issue is not addressed promptly, it could cause the plant to die.

If you notice that the leaf of the philodendron becoming brown or yellow, you should check to determine if the soil isn’t dry. If it is, then take it to the water fountain.

When the soil is dry once more, you should check your watering schedule to make sure that you’re providing the philodendron with enough water.

Here’s how to tell whether you’re underwatering or overwatering your plant

Overwatering

The overwatering of leaves can cause the leaves turning yellow.

The leaves become yellow due to the roots aren’t able to take in enough moisture. This usually means that the plant has been over-watered and needs drainage.

Examine the soil’s moisture then allow the upper layer to dry out after watering, if this happens. If the soil is still soggy then repot it with a new potting mix.

Root rot is a different problem where the stems turn dull and yellow with water-soaked, soft spots that become into a mushy black color as the plant begins to rot.

One method of detecting root rot is to observe that the roots change dark brown and slimy. If this occurs you should cut them off using an sterile knife or cutting board prior to planting them again.

Underwatering

The result of underwatering is crisp or brown tips on the leaves. It is typically caused by dry air or the absence of water.

To solve the issue to solve the issue, you can increase the humidity by placing a humidifier close to the plant, spraying the plant every day, or placing the plant in a pebble tray filled with water.

Not Enough Sunlight

Philodendron giganteum is best when it is in bright, but in indirect lightor shade.

The direct sunlight can burn the leaves, making them brown and crisp. However, you might discover that you must put your philodendron outside during the summertime if it’s growing too large for your office or home. If so place the plant in a shaded area in a place that doesn’t receive direct sunlight.

Pests – Spider Mites and Mealybugs

Spider Mites

The spider mites can be tiny, spider-like insects that can be black, red brown, yellow, or red. They are most prevalent in dry weather as they feed off the undersides of leaves, leaving tiny black fecal marks.

The foliage will change color and turn dry.

Treatment: Spray with insecticidal soap or water to control spider mites.

Mealybugs

Mealybugs are tiny, white insects that feed on sap from plants.

They attack a variety of plants. They usually appear as a white fluffy bunch on the stems or the undersides of leaves.

Mealybugs can weaken a plant leading to a decrease in growth.

Treatment: Remove infested plants , and apply the neem oil or other horticultural oil sprays in accordance with the instructions of the manufacturer for controlling pests.

Fungus Gnats

The flying bugs feed off hairs of the root and can cause root rot if not taken care of.

Make sure to water less often or at the base of the plant instead of using overhead watering. The yellow trap can assist in catching them prior to laying eggs. It will also provide an early warning that you might be suffering from an infestation.

Treatment: Separate the plants that are infested from healthy plants immediately you spot symptoms of infestation, to ensure the pests do not spread.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Philodendron Giganteum Grow in Water?

Philodendron giganteum is able to grow in water once it was propagated. Although many have grown philodendrons successfully in water, it isn’t advised. The reason is that the plant could suffer from root rot because of the lack or oxygen levels in water.

The most effective method to cultivate the philodendron is to plant it in soil since its leaves are quite big and weigh a lot when they are wet.

With your plant’s weight stem and leaves in mind, it’s recommended to support the plant by using stakes or trellis, and then keep your plant inside a container that is filled with soil.

If you’d like to plant your philodendron giganteum inside water it is possible to do so provided you clean the water every several days. This will enable it to be supplied with oxygen and will prevent root decay.

Is Philodendron Giganteum Poisonous?

Philodendron giganteum is poisonous because it, along with others in the Araceae family the plants are a source of calcium Oxalate crystals. They are poisonous and can cause a pain in your mouth when consumed. They may also cause skin irritation when they are touched.

Other signs could be:

  • The throat and tongue are swelling.
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Lips swelling and tongue and throat
  • The act of vomiting (with or without blood)
  • Diarrhea

Seek medical treatment if you suspect you’ve ingested philodendron giganteum.

Can I Plant Philodendron Giganteum Outside?

Philodendron giganteum is a plant that can be grown outdoors, however you must be aware of the temperature. In the event that you reside in an area that is humid and has temperatures that do not fall lower than 50 degrees (10 degC) the philodendron should be good.

The first is that you must have enough light and fertilization in addition, you must have a big enough pot that the plant can be sturdy and won’t blow away.

How Does Philodendron Giganteum Reproduce?

Philodendron giganteum can be described as an aroid, which means it reproduces sexually. It is achieved through accidental rooting, or plant babies, that grow within the primary vine. The plantlets can be removed and planted in a pot to create new plants.

What Is a Philodendron Super-Atom?

A super-atom of philodendron is a distinct species belonging to the Philodendron family. The plant is ideal for indoor spacedue to its vibrant green leaves and dark veining in green. The veining distinguishes it from other philodendrons making this one stand out with its striking appearance that makes any space pop.

Conclusion

The philodendron giganteum is able to be kept indoors in a pot provided it has adjusted to its new surroundings correctly. It requires a fairly high humidity and thrives when there isn’t much variation in temperatures.

With the proper treatment for pest control and a regular watering routine There is no reason to believe that keeping the philodendron giganteum in good condition isn’t a challenge.

Stephanie

Stephanie

Went from a bad gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)