Philodendron Squamiferum can also be known as The Hairy or the Red Bristled Philodendron. The rare houseplant is distinguished by its bristly, red petioles and massive 5-lobed leaves. Squamiferum is a simple to maintain growing Philodendron which thrives under humid environments with lots of indirect light.
If you are a fan of philodendrons and want to increase your collection by adding something new The Squamiferum plant could be the one you’re looking for.
The distinctive red petioles that stand out against the dark green leaves make the appear almost synthetic in its perfectness.
If you’re worried that a plant with such a unique beauty could be difficult to keep, we’ve answered all your questions to ensure that the brand new Hairy Philodendron plant will be an important part of your collection of plants.
As with all philodendrons Squamiferum is a shade-loving tropical plant that is found beneath the canopy of trees in some parts of Central America.
Dappled light would be reflected off the leaves, which are huge and shiny and the vines continue to grow upwards with the support of a tree to let further sunlight.
Two distinct characteristics in Squamiferum that are distinctive in comparison with other Philodendrons.
One is the distinctive red hue of its petioles. And the other is the distinctive form that fully matured leaves. The combination of these two features makes this particular variety unique to any collection.
Philodendron Squamiferum gets its long, difficult-to pronounce title to the appearance of its leaves. The word Philodendron is a name of a family group that refers to several similar plants. It comes from the Greek words that mean love and tree.’
The Squamiferum component is derived from the Latin word’squamous meaning scaly. It is, naturally in reference towards the brown appearance the stems.
How To Care For Philodendron Squamiferum Plant
Despite its unique design, Philodendron Squamiferum isn’t difficult to maintain, as that you satisfy some fundamental prerequisites.
The best guideline for every house plant is to replicate the conditions in which the plant is naturally. Of course, no one is living in the midst of the rainforest of tropical rain, but you can replicate certain conditions as close as is feasible.
Let’s take a look at the most crucial elements that influence the overall health and well-being of your hairy Philodendron.
Philodendron Squamiferum Light Requirements
To ensure its health Make sure that your Philodendron Squamiferum gets lots of indirect sunlight.
Imagine the dappled light that plants would receive in its natural habitat in the canopy of the forest.
The red bristle beauty will naturally utilize trees as a support to make it close to light source, therefore, you can use an moss pole to support it in place, and it will be rewarded with a stunning natural, vining-like form.
A setting that is able to provide lighting is among the most important factors that determine the speed at which Philodendron Squamiferum will expand.
While they can tolerate shade, low light can cause a plant to develop unusually long, leggy petioles. The development of new leaves can also be affected and the plant appears thin.
Note that high indirect light doesn’t mean direct sunlight. The huge deep green leaves could quickly turn to ash if exposed to too much sunlight.
It will be apparent by the dry brown patches that appear on leaf edges, or yellowing of the leaves. If your plant is located near an area where it is likely to receive lots in direct light, think about installing a light-filtering sheer curtain to keep your space bright and secure the plant.
If you live in a climate that is consistently warm it is possible to keep your Squamiferum outside, however it is best placed under the shade of a tree that receives the bright, dappled light.
It is also a good choice in a covered porch or in a protected area in which it won’t be burned in direct sun.
Temperature Requirements For Philodendron Squamiferum
As with all Philodendrons Squamiferum thrives in hot climates. The tropical beauty is likely to show signs of strain when the temperature drops lower than 59F.
If you do keep the Red Bristle outside, make sure to bring it inside when you first notice cool autumn weather.
The ideal temperature range for the Squamiferum plant lies somewhere between 79F. The large leaves are sensitive to drastic changes in temperature, so be sure to keep your plant inside a secure area where temperatures remain constant warm.
It is not a great plant to be exposed to sudden temperatures or even a few cold drafts that come caused by opening doors can cause problems.
Philodendron Squamiferum Humidity Needs
Maintaining the surrounding surroundings around your Philodendron Squamiferum at a level of humidity between 60-65 percent is the ideal way for encouraging rapid growth.
In the majority of homes the suitable humidity level is 30 and 50%, and even though your plant will endure this setting however, it will appreciate some extra moisture.
Misting leaves regularly is not advised. The risk that comes from adding excessive water to the leaves is that, if there isn’t sufficient air circulation, damp leaves could grow fungal.
This is especially dangerous when it comes to bathrooms. The plant is attracted by the additional humidity and can prosper, particularly if your bathroom is well lit. into it, however be cautious about opening the windows or turning on fans to circulate the air.
Making a pebble tray can be an extremely simple and appealing method to increase the humidity of any plant naturally.
The water that evaporates from the pebbles creates humidity for the plant naturally. Due to its potential for huge dimensions, Squamiferum is most often also a floor plant, therefore this technique is especially efficient as the stones in the tray could be a beautiful element to the overall design.
How Often Should Philodendron Squamiferum Be Watered?
Squamiferum is a stunning plant and you might be attracted to water it frequently to mimic the conditions of the rainforest.
But, with respect to this aspect, it is crucial to be cautious because Squamiferum is among the philodendron species that is most sensitive in relation to moist soil. Do not water the can until the three centimeters above the soil feel dry.
It is best to stay in the dry zone with your plant as it’s more likely to develop Blight or root rot if it is sunk in a constantly moist soil.
It is necessary to adjust the frequency of watering based on various factors, including size and temperature of the plant. However, generally, the soil’s top layer should be completely dry and clean prior to adding water.
When it comes to watering, make certain to ensure whether the drain holes beneath the pot are not blocked.
The water must move through the soil before it escapes the container every when you add water to the soil. If you’re using pebbles to increase humidity, make sure that the base of the pot is higher than the level of water, so that the moisture doesn’t end up within the base of the pot, around the roots.
If you suspect that you’ve overwatered your Squamiferum It is better to take it out of the soil that is wet and then repot it in a new soil. If root rot is established in, it is difficult for the Squamiferum to be saved, therefore it is essential to prevent it at all cost.
Best Soil For Philodendron Squamiferum
Philodendron Squamiferum needs light and airy soil that allows for the drainage to be easy. Make sure that the soil you choose to plant is specially designed specifically for Philodendrons, and has plenty of organic matter.
The soil mix should be light and allow air to remain in the soil. Squamiferum roots should not be trapped in a moist and compacted soil.
Remember this plant naturally an epiphyte and will grow ascending roots that are higher than the levels of the principal roots of the mix of soil.
It is evident that the soil mix for aroids is coarse and clumpy due to the inclusion of elements such as pine bark, Sphagnum moss, coco Coir.
They hold moisture for plants, however it is also necessary to have an adequate amount of an ingredient , such as perlite to ensure that the roots do not become saturated with water.
Philodendron Squamiferum Fertilizer Requirements
Squamiferum will not quickly grow exponentially regardless of how much you take care of it. It’s a slow-growing plant which rewards you with distinctive leaves.
While it is fine to fertilize at times, planting in a soil mix that has plenty of organic matter is more crucial.
It is possible to stop fertilizing Squamiferum in the fall and winter, as Squamiferum does not require additional feeds and goes into dormancy with regard to growth.
In warmer months in the warmer months, when your plant is in the growth phase, you can apply a liquid fertilizer twice every month. Make sure to follow the fertilizer mixing directions carefully to prevent burning your gorgeous plant.
Potting Requirements For Philodendron Squamiferum
There isn’t a specific size pot that is recommended for Philodendron Squamiferum as it is a climber.
As long as the roots have enough nutrients and water, there’s no stopping this gorgeous red-stemmed, red-stemmed plant.
It’s recommended to keep the Red Bristled Philodendron in a pot large enough to hold in moisture and not dry out fast.
If the roots begin to appear tight or the plant isn’t flourishing, then repotting should be done during the seasons that the plant is growing, which is usually spring and summer.
While your Squamiferum might start out as a tiny specimen from the nursery, it will eventually expand to a huge size. In order to grow taller it’ll require an area of support to help its vine growth.
In the natural world, it will be affixed to the side of a tree, and then angle it gracefully to catch sunlight from the canopy of the forest.
When choosing a pot to house your Squamiferum be aware that you’ll eventually need to provide something for the plant to rest on.
A moss pole is a great choice and is the ideal material for the aerial roots to attach to.
Because this type of Philodendron grows slowly it is recommended to select an extendable kind of moss pole which can be added each section separately such as the one in the Blooming Jungle.
Diseases To Look Out For On Philodendron Squamiferum
Prevention is often a better option for most homeplant issues than trying to fix the issue.
It is essential to ensure that your Squamiferum isn’t kept in moist conditions which could lead to develop fungus issues on the roots or leaves.
Only water, if needed Don’t spray the leaves with mist Always ensure that the drainage is adequate into the pot.
Two major fungal problems can impact the Squamiferum’s health:
- Root Rot This disease is prevalent in many houseplants. It is caused by excessive watering or inadequate drainage. It’s not easy to cure. If you suspect that your plant is suffering from root decay, take the plant out of its pot, and save any roots that aren’t affected and then replant it in fresh soil.
- Erwinia blight it is also known as soft rot. It is the most prevalent Philodendron disease that can be fatal within a couple of days. The combination of moisture, heat and humidity creates ideal conditions for the growth of this blight. It starts below the soil and rapidly spreads.
Insect infestations are also common however they are more likely to be treated successfully if they are detected in the early stages.
- Spider mites are a common cause of spider mites. Use the insecticidal soap or rubbing alcohol to clean plants’ leaves with a gentle. In the event that damage becomes serious cut off the affected areas. Examine all other plants in your home and make sure that the mites don’t propagate.
- Fungus gnats can be a nagging issue, however, there are solutions to tackle it. If you spot insects floating around the soil of your plant, you must spring into action immediately. They deposit their eggs on the soil’s top on the stem of the plant, and the larvae harm the plant after they develop. After you have dealt with the issue, make sure that the soil on top is dry prior to watering, because gnats like damp soil to lay their eggs.
- Thrips spray with an insecticide or apply an oil solution of neem to get rid of the thrips.
- Mealybugs are Mealybugs can be destructive and require a number of methods to get rid of them. Make use of a weak solution of manganese to clean the leaves with a gentle. Follow up with a soapy solution. Then, wash with pure water.
Propagation Of Philodendron Squamiferum
If you find one stunning red-stemmed Philodendron, it is likely that you’ll want to get more. Although it is slow-growing and scarce this is among the most easy cultivars to reproduce. Be sure to propagate Squamiferum during the active growth phase that is in the spring or summer.
There are four ways which can be employed to spread this distinctive looking Philodendron:
- Cutting stems started in water. Cut a piece of stem that is below the root node, which is between 3 and 6 inches long. Cut any lower leaves from the cutting, as you do not want to drop leaves in the water. Put the stem that is bare in the glass of water in a location that will get direct sunlight that is bright and intense.
Keep the water well-watered at least every two to three weeks, you will see new roots developing. Once the roots are about 1 inch long, move them to the appropriate pot soil and keep it the soil moist.
- The stem cutting is placed in the soil. Use the same procedure for making the stem cutting according to using water, however place the stem bare into an appropriate, rich soil. Make sure the soil is moist to allow the cutting to sprout new roots.
This approach could be more difficult as you will not be able to observe the roots growing like you would using the water method. Be on the lookout for evidence of the growth of new leaves and you’ll know that your Squamiferum baby has established itself.
- Air layering – This is a technique you can employ to stimulate the plant to grow roots around the node you select. In essence, you manipulate a node to send its aerial roots. The trick is performed when it’s still connected with the plant parent, and then you remove the new plant after the roots are established.
For the method of air laying Find an appropriate root node, then cover it with an overcoat made of Sphagnum moss.
Then, wrap an airtight plastic bag over the area to hold the moisture and create a warm humid and humid atmosphere that will stimulate the growth of roots. When some roots have grown the stem can be removed from the parent plant and transferred into its individual pot.
- Seeds – In the summer or spring months there are flower clusters that grow into berries with seeds. The development of new plants from seeds isn’t impossible however it can take quite a while, which is why it’s not a feasible choice for the majority of people. The seeds are dried before being placed on top of the soil.
The seed layer must remain moist, and very warm. They will begin to sprout after two months. It could take 2 years until Squamiferum gets its distinctive vine-like appearance So, growing this plant by seeds is only the case for people who’re truly dedicated.
None of these techniques should be attempted in the event that you are sure that your Squamiferum has matured and is a plant that is healthy and in good health.
If the plant is suffering from root rot, removing the root and cutting the stem using one of the methods could be the only method to save the plant.
Frequently Asked Questions About Squamiferum Philodendron
Below, we’ve provided answers to some frequently asked questions regarding this Squamiferum Philodendrons Plant.
Is the Squamiferum Philodendron A Climber?
The Squamiferum is a climbing variety of Philodendron and can grow to be impressively tall if it is taught to climb the Moss pole.
How Big Can A Squamiferum Philodendron Get?
The leaves of the plant are fascinating to observe as they unfold and change from their juvenile form to the unique shape with five lobes that resembles an oak leaf, but much bigger! The leaves can grow to 18 inches long and are adorned with a stunning natural sparkle.
If you are awestruck by the appearance that is the Red Bristle Philodendron and would like to have one, make sure you have the right place to keep it in.
Is the Is the Squamiferum Philodendron A Fast Grower?
If you are considering one of these plants, another thing to keep in mind is that, unlike other varieties of Philodendron they’re not quick growers.
Maintaining it in optimum conditions can result in some growth in the summer months, but prepare for a lengthy waiting time if you require an herb to fill the space fast.
Should You Prune the Squamiferum Philodendron?
Squamiferum is considered to be a low-maintenance plant for the house because it doesn’t require pruning or regular repotting.
As long as it’s placed in a fertile soil mix that is well-drained and given plenty of sunlight and adequate humidity, along with regular irrigation, it will keep rewarding you with its unique color and attractive green leaves.
Older leaves are more likely to drop off by themselves as the plant develops, therefore you only need to trim it a bit when you’re creating a shape.
Does the Squamiferum Philodendron Flowers?
The Squamiferum can bloom during the summer and spring months. The flowers are tiny, edible pink berries, which are packed with important seeds.
Watch out for the growth of leaves that resemble cups, which gradually open to reveal a clump of burgundy and white flowers. The process of watching them grow from the an unfurled leaf stage to a the berry shape is an exciting development.
Is the Squamiferum Philodendron Toxic?
If you have children or pets be aware that, just like other Philodendrons The Squamiferum Philodendron plants are poisonous It is therefore recommended to keep it away from the path of your children or pets.
All leaves contain calcium Oxalate that when consumed, may cause symptoms such as increased salivation or a burning feeling in the throat or mouth.
Is the Squamiferum Philodendron Rare?
Yes Philodendron Squamiferum plants are quite scarce, and you can be able to expect to pay around $50 for a tiny plant.
It can also easily be grown by cuttings. Once you’ve established your plant and it is flourishing it is able to multiply. It is possible to share these unique plants with your family and friends.
Squamiferum Philodendrons Plant Care Conclusion
While the Squamiferum cultivar doesn’t require more attention than other Philodendrons, it is slow to grow.
It is, however, easy to establish new plants by using cuttings or air-laying during warmer growing seasons.
Philodendron Squamiferum is distinctive in its appearance due to bristly-covered red petioles.
The vining plant is able to reach incredible heights and is a great choice when it is surrounded by an trellis or moss pole to attach to. It’s a unique houseplant that can be an original feature in every Philodendron collection.