Philodendron Varieties: Types, Rare Versions & Classifications

Last Updated on November 21, 2022 by admin

Most likely, youve experienced, seen or even observed the variety of philodendrons at the home of someone else.

Philodendrons can be described as an assortment of plants that originate from the American tropical regions. They are renowned for being easy to cultivate and also enduring.

Theyre incredibly beautiful, lush green house plants, which are available in a variety of varieties and incredibly popular due to their easy care.

They are also excellent indoor and outdoor plants that come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and shades.

Lets look at some of the most well-known or common varieties of philodendrons you could think about for your garden.

How Many Types of Philodendron Are There?

In terms of the exact number of varieties of philodendron, there is some disagreement. However, most sources believe that there are at most 489 varieties of Philodendron.

The majority of the varieties of Philodendron are quite accessible If youre willing to do some research. Particular varieties can be found by consulting specialists.

Philos differ in the manner they develop. Some are creepersthat run through walls, trees poles, fences or poles. Some grow underground and can stand on their own, appearing like tiny trees.

There are also some that are low-growing and resemble the appearance of shrubs. However, all have beautiful leaves that are common to all. Some are big and heavy, while others are small and vibrant.

Certain varieties of philodendrons may get quite large and fill over an entire wall of the house of an unassuming owner.

A healthy philodendron that gets ample indirect sunlight can reach three meters tall. Some even bloom.

Are All Philodendrons Toxic?

Its true that philodendrons can be poisonous for pets. Therefore, its a great idea to be vigilant when you introduce one into your family. Most of the time pets and cats naturally stay clear of poisonous plants, however, make sure theyre not overly curious about the new visitor.

Plants of Philodendron can cause skin irritation and an allergic reactions in people who handle. If youre not sure you should wear gloves while tending towards the plants.

Is a Monstera a Philodendron?

The short answer is there is no. Monsteras can be confused with Philodendron They are both belonging to the Arum family (Araceae).

Monstera, however, is a distinct species, even though their leaves might appear similar and are frequently misunderstood as split leaf Philodendron.

How can you tell the differences between Monstera as well as Philodendron?

The most significant difference is due to the fact that the monstera produces fruit, whereas the philo looks more like an actual plant (save for two varieties that are known).

Monstera leaves can also form holes within them. They are often referred to as the swiss cheese plant. It is closer to the peace lily.

Types of Philodendron Types of Philodendron Philodendron Varieties with names and photos

Its a very adaptable plant. Because theyre fairly simple to grow and maintain theyre popular with new plant owners.

Philodendrons can be distinguished by their large leaves. They are available in a variety of designs and colors, however they are also great ornamental plants.

They also have both underground and aerial roots. This is perhaps what allows them to thrive both outdoors and indoors.

Plant owners who have experience also point to their well-known capability to filter the air. They are particularly renowned for their ability to absorb the formaldehyde in the air.

In conclusion there are the different varieties of Philodendron lower classifications that you might find to decorate your home.

Philodendron Hederaceum ‘Heartleaf Philodendron’

The variety is fast growing and with a little planning and planning, it can create a stunning flowing greenery. Its incredibly easy to maintain and is perfect for those who are new to gardening.

Philodendron ‘Moonlight’

It is a hybrid. In contrast to other philodendrons the Moonlight remains low and is as a shrub.

It is able to reach a height of 60cm it is only 40cm wide it still takes up some space.

Philodendron Domesticum ‘Elephant Ear Philodendron’

The majority of plants known as elephant leaves are named because of the size of their leaves. The one that is called an elephant ear.

Its quite common because theyre so simple to maintain. An excellent, large-leaf plant to bring freshness and a sense of zen to your house.

Philodendron Gloriosum

Its crawler. Its light, almost white tiny veins stand out in the luxurious green leaves.

The stem grows on the floor, which means it doesnt rise, but will spread out over the floor or ground instead.

Beware, these leaves can make item appealing to buyers, which is why they may be expensive to purchase.

Philodendron Brasil

The greenish yellow leaves remind you to the Brazilian flag, in an certain way. Maybe this is the reason the name was coined. They are incredibly rich looking, almost plastic-like and stunning to the feel.

It is a quick grower. The general advice is to make use of a pot that is slightly larger than the normal.

Philodendron Micans

Also called Philodendron Hederaceum Micans, also known as Velvet-Leaf Philodendron. Although many philodendras can expand to enormous sizes however, this one is perfect for smaller spaces. You can suspend the pot if you are planning to make an draped plant.

The leaves are heart-shaped with reddish undersides , and are soft to the feel. You can expect to be about 30cm tall.

Philodendron Grazielae

A climber who is known for his love of warmer climates and the mossy uprights that they can attach to. In their natural environment they are able to grow along the branches of trees.

However, you can also suspend them to make a hanging plant in case yours isnt too big.

Philodendron Bipinnatifidum AKA ‘Split Leaf Philodendron’

This kind of plant is sometimes known as an elephants ear, however its a different plant. It also has split leaf, however. It doesnt climb, but rather grows more of a shrub.

The leaves grow on tall stems that can grow to 10cm in length. Flowers arent common in indoor plants, however this plant is awe-inspiring with its tiny white flowers.

Philodendron ‘Burle Marx’

The attractive red stems and vibrant green leaves are an obvious draw for this stunning plant. If youd like to see additional colors on the leaf, make sure you provide some light (but not too bright).

Philodendron ‘Prince of Orange’

This particular hybrid has leaf colors that shift with the course of time. What makes this variety more distinctive is the fact that the leaves are rooted in the middle of the plant, instead of off vines or stems. Gorgeous.

Philodendron ‘Lemon Lime’

The name is a statement about this beautiful plant, with the bright, citrusy hue. Bright yellowish greensdominate the plant with a particularly lush appearance which appears lush and bushy.

In a species that is known to be easy to care for it could be the most simple.

Philodendron ‘Imperial Green’

If your space isnt as bright available, consider this. The large leaves allow to make the most of the light that is available.

The deep green foliage do add a beautiful look to the space even in dim light. You can try one of them in the bathroom or bedroom.

Philodendron Brandtianum

The silver leaf, as its also known has patches of silver and grey on large, olive-green heart-shaped leaves.

Its a gorgeous plant that thrives in warm climates. Shaded areas are ideal, and you should never place the pot directly in water. Be sure that the water drains correctly.

Philodendron Xanadu (Thaumatophyllum Xanadu)

As per its name The Xanadu conveys a sense of luxurious and idyllic. If images of discos and light shows come to mind perhaps because this plant creates an exotic and almost surreal feel to the space.

Its a split leaf type, expanding upwards and outwards, creating a perfect furniture piece to add to your living space.

Rare Philodendron Varieties

Which variety of philodendron is more rare than the others? With the many varieties available its difficult to determine with any certainty.

However, its true that certain varieties are more difficult to locate and are therefore more desirable to collectors than others. Here are a few varieties of philodendron which might not be as simple to find.

Philodendron Patriciae

Phlos enthusiasts often refer to this as a work of art. The massive, long, pleated leaves are definitely impressive and can reach over a meter in length.

Its a plant that stands, however, the leaves are sloping outwards, forming a huge long drop.

Although its not difficult to maintain however, some owners claim that it isnt a fan of being moved around too much.

Philodendron White Knight

What a unique variation! The leaves here provide attractive white and green shades, and red stems add a unique hue to the scene.

The plant grows slightly slower than the majority of larger plants must be pollinated. However, with this variety Its always thrilling to discover what a new plant might appear like.

Philodendron Erubescens (Pink Princess)

As much as the white knight provides white variation The Pink Princess offers an even more unique pink coloration in its leaf.

The reason these are valuable, however, is mainly due to their its rarity. The hybrid isnt perfect, but the process of propagation takes time making it costly to obtain.

Pink princesses are plant that trails. Make sure you dont mistake it for the pink Congo variant. The Congo includes leaves that are totally green, while others are totally pink.

The leaves are also larger. The leaves of the princess are spotted or pattern with pink and green.

Philodendron Pedatum

Beautiful climbers with lobed leaves. These plants produce vibrant green. They originate from Venezuela and Brazil and can be confused with tasty monsters while theyre young. The leaves are similar in texture, but they are much thinner.

Philodendron Bipennifolium

Its sometimes referred to as it the Gold Violin. Its actually a rare climbing variation that alters the color with age.

It begins as bright gold or yellow but then gradually turns greener. Its small dimensions make it ideal for desks.

Some Interesting Facts About Philodendron

Explore the following article to learn about just some of the numerous kinds of Philodendrons. However, before you do, you might discover these interesting information about the philo interesting and interesting:

  • The literal Greek meaning of the word philodendron is love tree.
  • Certain epiphytes are they are able to grow on other plants.
  • Certain species are terrestrial, meaning they are cultivated from soil. In reality, the philodendrons prefer to grow on trees.
  • The rest are hemiepiphytic, which means they can grow in soil or on other plants. A side note: the term Hemiepiphyte is a fascinating one that has changed its meaning over time.
  • Philos can thrive indoors in virtually every climate. They could be from humid regions, but they seem to do well in dry air.
  • Philodenra belongs to part of the Araceae family.
  • If you have an elm tree in your home, ensure they dont dig up the walls. They arent afraid of pruning, so trim it away when a plant grows too large.
  • Some people mistake pothos for philodendrons. If youre interested in knowing what the difference is check out my article on Pothos and Philodendron in this article.

What is the Most Expensive Philodendron?

The pink princess previously mentioned is quite expensive. The Colombian half moon philodendron pink princess hybrid, for instance, has been sold at prices of over $1500.

This is fascinating for a plant which - like other species - doesnt require an extraordinary amount of attention.

Variegated Philodendron Minima

Sometimes referred to as a mini-monstera Philo who has been in the news appears to have gotten an enormous price.

In the year 2020, a rare philodendron minima was sold at a price that was astronomical within New Zealand. The rare philo with a variegated design sold for the sum of Rs 4 lakhs thats approximately $4300.

Looking After a Philodendron Plant

The care and maintenance of philodendron is fairly simple, among the most fundamental elements is to use a high-quality fertilizer for plants to ensure that the plant is healthy and well-fed.

Be careful not to overwater. This can cause roots to rot and promotes the growth of fungus.

What is the most simple Philodendron to take care of?

A majority of owners be in agreement with they agree that the Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron Hederaceum) is among the most easy plants to take care of. If youre just beginning with philo, you might want to focus the first step with this plant.

Final Thoughts On Philodendron Types

Philodendron is an excellent choice for those who love large-sized plants. Its particularly beneficial for those who dont wish to spend all day caring for their plants. They are fast growing and easily propagated.

Since certain varieties of philodendron house plants may be expensive, it is recommended to begin with a more regular type.

If, like many owners, you are in the love of your philo take a look into the more rare or vibrant varieties. Its a truly beautiful plant that is difficult to make a mistake.

If you own a philodendron and would like to share your ideas about your experience contact me. Id like to hear suggestions and tales of your experiences.



Went from an inexperienced gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. I cover anything from general indoor plant guides and lawn care, to succulents and flowers. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)