How to Care For Syngonium Variegata

Last Updated on August 11, 2022 by Stephanie

Syngonium variegates are an eternal classic that will never go out of fashion! With its light and white green stems and leaves the plant is an excellent option for decorating your home.

All-terrain plant species which are ideal for those who are concerned about dying plants. Theyre simple to maintain and grow rapidly.

In Latin the word variegation translates to diversity of colors. A mutation causes leaves lacking chlorophyll, which results in stripes and spots.

To maintain the variation of Syngonium, which is a Syngonium that is variegated Syngonium requires some level of attention.

A Description of Syngonium’s Characteristics

The botanical Genus Syngonium is part of the Araceae family (Aroideae). Between 20 and 30 species are found across Central as well as South Americas subtropical and tropical areas.

Syngonium podophyllum is the ancestral species for the vast majority Syngonium varieties. Other species are found in Pacific as well as Indian Ocean islands.

Syngonium is a kind of vine which typically has one long stem that extends at the bottom (16-65 feet/5 to 20 meters in the wild and up to 6.5 feet/ 2 meters in the house).

Fast-growing and large-scale plants are difficult to control within the indoors. Small as well as dwarf species, as well as amoebic forms that have lush foliage cascading down were created by plant breeders.

Utilizing Syngonium inside the room has many advantages:

  • Its fascinating to see the leaves change in color as the season advances. If compared with the original plant, the cuttings appear to be a completely distinct indoor flower.
  • The large-leaf vines particularly in rooms with minimalist design and white or gray walls can be a visual treat.
  • Syngonium can be adapted, mixing nicely with different indoor plant species, and is often employed to make green walls. They comprise a variety of species in a single plant pot.
  • Propagation via vegetative means is very easy with this plant.
  • Diseases and pests are not often an issue for Syngonium.

How to Care for Syngonium Variegata

Indoor plants can be divided in categories according to their requirements. Simple care is merely watering, replanting and feeding. Complex care involves the creation of winter conditions, as well as other operations. Indoor Syngonium requires medium care.

Low Temperature Affects Decorative Appearance of Variegated Syngonium

In general, vines are attracted to warm environments and flourish in a normal office or home setting.

In the summer the ideal temperature is between 65 and 77 degrees (18-25 degrees Celsius). In winter, you should maintain indoor temperatures between 60 and 68 degrees (16-20 degrees Celsius).

The plant is able to withstand temporary cooling of up to 54 degrees Fahrenheit (12 degrees Celsius) without impacting its attractive appearance.

The leaves soften and turn translucent after a prolonged period of frost. The leaves of the plant change yellow and then turn brown when it is exposed to temperatures that are too hot for it.

Syngonium Albo

Variegated Syngonium Need More Lighting

Syngonium is an herb that is tolerant of some shade. The color of an indoor plant will determine where it can put it.

In general, the more bright and colorful spots are present on the leaves, the more illumination is needed.

In direct sunlight, the pure green plants fade and become lighter and become less attractive.

Window sills that face either east or west are great since they permit the plant to get morning and evening sun and evening sunlight, respectively.

To get the best results, place at least 1 m away from windows that face either southwest or south, and put it on a table or shelf.

Feeding

They respond positively to fertilisation by soaring and producing lush, vibrant foliage.

After two months of planting, you can start applying fertilizer. In order to survive until that time, the Syngonium depends on the new substrate it has been given to eat.

Feed your Syngonium with a variegated an herbaceous fertilizer every three to four weeks.

Use a mixture of a specific mineral fertilizer on the Syngonium every two months in the spring and in the summer (it is particularly convenient to make use of the forms that are liquid).

The fertilizer liquid must contain nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus proportion of 1:1. The time to stop fertilizing completely is as autumn is near.

Hydrating and Watering

Indoor plants shouldnt be watered according to the little and often rule. It is essential to alter the timing of watering based on the requirements for the plants.

The condition and the age of the variegated Syngonium determine the way it will be taken care of.

Young plants have less needs for water. If its cold and cloudy outside, you should water your larger plants every week for a minimum of 3 times.

It is possible to tell whether there is sufficient water through the look of Syngonium and also by being able to touch the soil. If the moisture of the soil is below a certain level and the leaves begin to droop little.

It is essential to maintain the humidity at or below 60%. If you experience severe dryness, suggest placing your Syngonium in an humidity tray, also called a pebble tray that is filled with water or moist moss.

Bottom of pot must not be lower than level of water within the tray of pebbles.

In the event that your soil appears dry, or the plant has become seriously dehydrated, you can soak the pot in a sink or bathtub. This will aid your Syngonium in rapidly recovering.

Pruning

Variegated Syngoniums are more dense and less compact in flower shops and nurseries when the use of a growth inhibitor.

When the growth inhibition effect is gone, the leaves expand and then become stiff. In normal conditions the Syngonium stem with its variegated color develops without branching.

How to achieve an attractive, bushy look:

  • Place 2-4 cuttings in one pot.
  • Pin on the tips of shoots over 7 leaves to create an elongated crown on a root Syngonium.
  • Cut back the stems with leaves which have regrown in the winter.
  • Cut the length of excessively lengthy shoots to two thirds of the length they were originally.
  • Dont remove the remaining shoots the aerial roots.
  • Make use of a knife to cut off green shoots and a pair of secateurs to cut off the woody ones, if needed. Wear gloves as the sap that is milky can create skin irritation. The Syngonium can be spread by cutting stems that have leaves that are attached.

Transplanting Annually is Necessary

When the pot is full of roots, you can transplant the Syngonium. The young plants develop quickly and need to be transplanted every year. Plants that are mature can be transplanted every two to three years is enough.

Transplanting is the most effective and least stressful alternative if your plant is healthy. Choose a pot thats just a few centimeters wider and deeper in comparison to the previous one.

On the bottom, place an inch (2-3 centimeters) layer of sand and gravel to make an drainage layer. You can purchase ready-made soil or create your own.

Syngonium needs little in terms of soil composition in order to flourish. But, a substrate that has an acidity of 5-7 is ideal to ensure better expansion and growth (slightly acidic and neutral).

Buy a pre-made ornamental-leaved garden mix, or create the Syngonium base using turf, peat, loose soil as well as Sand (2:2:2:1). Add a bit of wood ash and then top it off with brick chips.

How to Propagate Variegated Syngonium

Rooting the apical as well as the stem of cuttings can be an easy way to propagate to Syngonium.

The plant material can be planted at any time however, it is most productive during the summer and spring. Apical cuttings let you create a new plant in the shortest amount of time.

Using the Apical Shoots

Cut off three to four inches (8-10 centimeters) long apex shoots using leaves and an Apex buds 0.5in (2 centimeters) beneath the Node (thickening in the node). To prevent the wound from becoming rotten and rotting, sprinkle the area with charcoal activated powder . Then allow it to air dry for 15 minutes prior to dressing it.

After the cuttings have planted in water, you will be able to watch the growth of the roots taking place. This should happen within the next couple of weeks.

Transfer the cuttings with water roots into the soil once their roots are fully established.

Before putting the pot in the soil then place a rooting stimulation at the bottom. Be sure that the container is maintained at a temperature between 70 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit (21-25 degrees Celsius).

Propagation using Stem Cutting Stem Cutting

Cut a stem from the stem, just beneath the top of the stem. Take a piece that is at least 10 centimeters long.

The cuttings must have at least three internodes as well as some leaves. You can add some crushed charcoal to the water, and then place the cut there. It is important to ensure you have some exposure to light, but not direct sunlight.

Variegated Syngonium Varieties

The most sought-after varieties of plants is Syngonium Variegates. Here are the most well-known Variegated Syngonium Varieties (with photos):

Examples of different varieties:

  • Syngonium Podophyllum Tiffany'-with pink spots arranged in the middle on the plate of leaves.
  • Syngonium Jade - bicolor (white-green). Spots are distributed in a random manner.
  • Syngonium Spear Point - having lance-shaped or arrow-shaped leaf. The white creamy color appears to spread from the central vein towards edge of leaf plates.
  • Syngonium Aaron Brown Syngonium featuring triangular, round leaves. The color is green with chocolate tones.

If youre interested in learning more about the most unusual Syngonium kinds, check out this photo-filled article.

Syngonium ‘Neon’

Neon Pink stands out with its soft pink heart-shaped leaves that have a border of lettuce.

The type is generally referred to by the name Syngonium Neon in abbreviated form. The other terms in its namerobusta, robusta, tetra, and others - refer to the variations in color. Syngonium Neon robusta, for instance is a light pink-colored plant.

Syngonium Panda

The fast-growing variety is identified by its bush-like shape. The light yellow or white spots streaks, speckles and streaks on the dark, matte leaves make this cultivar a popular choice for its name.

Syngonium Albo Variegata Imperial White

Imperial White is a white-leaved variation with tiny areas of lighter green hues.

This kind of Syngonium is harder to propagate and maintain. If the soil is deficient in nitrogen, the attractive color disappears; and If there is too many nitrogen levels it will cause the leaves to are sloughed off.

Syngonium Pixie

Pixie is a miniature plant with leaves that are green and white. It is slow growing and stays small.

It is ideal for smaller space. Pixie Syngoniums are getting increasingly sought-after by collectors.

Syngonium Pink

Pink Syngonium is an attractive plant. It is cultivated as a vine or bush. The color of the plant becomes lighter with the passing of time. Syngonium Pink spot is one of the fastest growing. The leaves are pink and creamy with crimson speckles in the early stages.

Pink Splash is a variety thats leaves appear to were sprayed by pink paint.

Syngonium Regina Red

A densely pubescent Syngonium that has shorter shoots. Leaves are pink at the top, and green at the bottom. If the light isnt enough the stunning coloration gets gone.

Syngonium Aurora

Aurora is a similar variation that has pink-colored leaves. Its compact size makes Syngonium Red Spot is perfect for those who have a small space within their homes.

The plants height is around 1.6 feet (50 centimeters). The leaves are green, pink and brown hue in their look.

Syngonium Confetti Tricolor

Confetti tricolor is a unique kind of plant that is distinguished by its distinctive hue. Yellow and pink spots as well as splashes of color are scattered across the leaves that are light green. Leaf plates alter in dimensions in shape and size as they grow older.

Syngonium Butterfly

Butterfly Syngonium Butterfly named after its marbled-looking leaves that have white-green streaks. The fad White Butterfly variety can reach 1.5 metres in height.

A light green on the edges of the lamina is surrounded by the leaves in a curved shape, and are white within the veins.

Syngonium Christmas

The typical Syngonium podophyllum vines that have lance-like leaves, Syngonium Christmas appears to be extremely festive. Light green, green, cream, and pink shades adorn the blades colors.

Syngonium Brocante

Brocante is a variety that has a color similar to chocolate. The leaves are dense and green-brown in hue. Veins of pink, red and cream shades are prominently displayed on the dark background of the leaf. The leaves are shiny appearance.

Syngonium Arrow

Syngonium Arrow is a classic variety that has leaves with spears. It is a fast-growing, low maintenance Syngonium cultivar. The leaves are emerald-green in hue with white veins.

Variegated Syngonium Problems

Insufficient care is the main reason for the majority of Variegated Syngonium problems. The presence of bacteria and fungi isnt always required in order for root decay to occur. The root gets suffocated by the damp environment which causes it to end up dying.

Aeration or oxygen levels are what is the reason for this issue. After drying out the soil and taking out any decayed parts of the plant, it is possible to plant it again in the same pot.

After the initial couple of days after repotting, reduce the amount of watering and slowly return to your regular routine of watering.

Differentiated Syngonium bugs include Aphids, Thrips, and scabies. While pests arent often a threat to Syngonium Aphids, scabies, and aphids are the most frequent issues.

Variegated Syngonium leaves can be damaged by aphids that attack the bottom and underside of the shoots, and vice versa. The leaves turn yellow and disappear after damage.

Combating a massive insect population requires swift action, so remove the plant infested as quickly as you can. The most effective method to get rid of pests is to utilize chemical and natural insecticides.

If one spraying isnt enough the follow-up treatment can be scheduled for a week later, should it be necessary.

Variegated Syngonium Toxicity

The dangers of Syngonium is proven without doubt. Syngonium is poisonous to cats and dogs because of its calcium oxalate content. Syngonium may cause skin irritation, and if consumed, it can cause vomiting.

Therefore, keep this kind of plant out of reach of children and pets. When pruning, make sure you wear gloves to shield your the skin from irritation.

Stephanie

Stephanie

Went from an inexperienced gardener to a half-decent one over 10+ years. I cover anything from general indoor plant guides and lawn care, to succulents and flowers. Super happy to share my tips and tricks with you :)